Abstract

An excitonic model of terahertz radiation from quantum wells including the full angular momentum dependence of the valence band and exciton states and including continuum excitons is presented. The inclusion of multiple bound and continuum excitons leads to a complete model and better agreement with experimental data in the time and frequency domains. With the inclusion of the complete angular momentum dependence and continuum excitons, the model demonstrates the effect of mixing between light-hole bound excitons and the heavy-hole continuum on the generated terahertz radiation. A discontinuity in the applied field dependence of terahertz radiation frequency that appears in the experiments of Planken et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800 (1992)] can be attributed to a Fano resonance between bound light-hole excitons and the heavy-hole continuum.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Brener, P. C. M. Planken, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, S. L. Chuang, L. Pfeiffer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Coherent control of terahertz emission and carrier populations in semiconductor heterostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2457 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Chao and S. Chuang, “Momentum-space solution of exciton excited states and heavy-hole light-hole mixing in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 48(11), 8210 (1993).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. D. Broido and L. Sham, “Effective masses of holes at GaAs–AlGaAs heterojunctions,” Phys. Rev. B 31(2), 888–892 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Twardowski and C. Hermann, “Variational calculation of polarization of quantum-well photoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 35(15), 8144–8153 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1996

1994

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Brener, P. C. M. Planken, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, S. L. Chuang, L. Pfeiffer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Coherent control of terahertz emission and carrier populations in semiconductor heterostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. F. Pereira, Jr. and S. W. Koch, “Effects of strain and Coulomb interaction on gain and refractive index in quantum-well lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(5), 765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Citrin, “Radiative lifetimes of excitons in quantum wells: Localization and phase-coherence effects,” Phys. Rev. B 47(7), 3832–3841 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chao and S. Chuang, “Momentum-space solution of exciton excited states and heavy-hole light-hole mixing in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 48(11), 8210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. Chuang, “Adiabatic-following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field,” Phys. Rev. B 45(20), 11918–11928 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

B. Zhu and K. Huang, “Effect of valence-band hybridization on the exciton spectra in GaAs-AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 8102 (1987).
[CrossRef]

A. Twardowski and C. Hermann, “Variational calculation of polarization of quantum-well photoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 35(15), 8144–8153 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. Broido and L. Sham, “Effective masses of holes at GaAs–AlGaAs heterojunctions,” Phys. Rev. B 31(2), 888–892 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Brener, I.

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, L.

Broido, D.

D. Broido and L. Sham, “Effective masses of holes at GaAs–AlGaAs heterojunctions,” Phys. Rev. B 31(2), 888–892 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chansungsan, C.

L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. Chuang, “Adiabatic-following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field,” Phys. Rev. B 45(20), 11918–11928 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chao, C.

C. Chao and S. Chuang, “Momentum-space solution of exciton excited states and heavy-hole light-hole mixing in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 48(11), 8210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D.

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S.

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Chao and S. Chuang, “Momentum-space solution of exciton excited states and heavy-hole light-hole mixing in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 48(11), 8210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. Chuang, “Adiabatic-following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field,” Phys. Rev. B 45(20), 11918–11928 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

Citrin, D.

D. Citrin, “Radiative lifetimes of excitons in quantum wells: Localization and phase-coherence effects,” Phys. Rev. B 47(7), 3832–3841 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Damen, T. C.

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dekorshy, T.

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Denton, G. J.

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldmann, J.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goossen, K.

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hermann, C.

A. Twardowski and C. Hermann, “Variational calculation of polarization of quantum-well photoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 35(15), 8144–8153 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K.

B. Zhu and K. Huang, “Effect of valence-band hybridization on the exciton spectra in GaAs-AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 8102 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

Kohler, K.

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leaird, D. E.

Leisching, P.

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leo, K.

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lovering, D. J.

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, M.

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, M. S. C.

Meier, T.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D.

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M.

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuss, M. C.

Pereira , Jr., M. F.

Pfeiffer, L.

L. Brener, P. C. M. Planken, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, S. L. Chuang, L. Pfeiffer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Coherent control of terahertz emission and carrier populations in semiconductor heterostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, R. T.

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Planken, P.

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Planken, P. C. M.

Roskos, H.

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roskos, H. G.

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schulze, A.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schwedler, R.

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sengers, A.

Shah, J.

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sham, L.

D. Broido and L. Sham, “Effective masses of holes at GaAs–AlGaAs heterojunctions,” Phys. Rev. B 31(2), 888–892 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G. W.

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, P.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, L.

A. Sengers, L. Tsang, and S. L. Chuang, “Strain effects on the exciton saturation in quantum well optical modulator devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2750–2758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. Chuang, “Adiabatic-following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field,” Phys. Rev. B 45(20), 11918–11928 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Twardowski, A.

A. Twardowski and C. Hermann, “Variational calculation of polarization of quantum-well photoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 35(15), 8144–8153 (1987).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Waschke, C.

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu and K. Huang, “Effect of valence-band hybridization on the exciton spectra in GaAs-AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 8102 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Luo, S. Chuang, P. Planken, I. Brener, H. Roskos, and M. Nuss, “Generation of terahertz electromagnetic pulses from quantum-well structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(6), 1478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Phys. Rev. B

L. Tsang, C. Chansungsan, and S. Chuang, “Adiabatic-following solutions for multisubband quantum wells excited by an ultrafast optical pump field,” Phys. Rev. B 45(20), 11918–11928 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. Chao and S. Chuang, “Momentum-space solution of exciton excited states and heavy-hole light-hole mixing in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 48(11), 8210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, and S. Chuang, “Coherent control of terahertz charge oscillations in a coupled quantum well using phase-locked optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903–4906 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Planken, I. Brener, M. Nuss, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Thz radiation from coherent population changes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 4668–4672 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Leo, T. C. Damen, J. Shah, and K. Kohler, “Quantum beats of free and bound excitons in GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 11359–11361 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Feldmann, K. Leo, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, J. E. Cunningham, T. Meier, G. von Plessen, A. Schulze, P. Thomas, and S. Schmitt-Rink, “Optical investigation of Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 7252–7255 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Dekorshy, P. Leisching, K. Kohler, and H. Kurz, “Electro-optic detection of Bloch oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 50(11), 8106–8109 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu and K. Huang, “Effect of valence-band hybridization on the exciton spectra in GaAs-AlxGa1−xAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 8102 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. Chuang, S. Schmitt-Rink, D. Miller, and D. Chemla, “A reduced exciton Green’s function approach to absorption in a quantum well with an applied electric field,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1500 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Citrin, “Radiative lifetimes of excitons in quantum wells: Localization and phase-coherence effects,” Phys. Rev. B 47(7), 3832–3841 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Broido and L. Sham, “Effective masses of holes at GaAs–AlGaAs heterojunctions,” Phys. Rev. B 31(2), 888–892 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Twardowski and C. Hermann, “Variational calculation of polarization of quantum-well photoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 35(15), 8144–8153 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. Planken, M. Nuss, I. Brener, K. Goossen, M. Luo, S. Chuang, and L. Pfeiffer, “Terahertz emission in single quantum wells after coherent optical excitation of light hole and heavy hole excitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 3800–3803 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Waschke, H. G. Roskos, R. Schwedler, K. Leo, H. Kurz, and K. Kohler, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from Bloch oscillations in a semiconductor superlattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(21), 3319–3322 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Lovering, R. T. Phillips, G. J. Denton, and G. W. Smith, “Resonant generation of biexcitons in a GaAs quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1880–1883 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Roskos, M. Nuss, J. Shah, K. Leo, and D. Miller, “Coherent submillimeter-wave emission from charge oscillations in a double-well potential,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2216–2219 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. J. Sengers, “Nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor quantum wells with opto-electronic applications,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Washington, Seattle, Wash., 1996).

H. Haug and S. W. Koch, Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors, 2nd ed. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1993).

C. Chansungsan, “Ultrafast and Terahertz-frequency semiconductor quantum-well optoelectronics,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Washington, Seattle, Wash., 1994).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Teukolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, New York, 1988).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Plot of the heavy-hole (l = 2) and light-hole (l = 0) excitons. Plotted are the bound heavy-hole excitons (triangles), the light-hole excitons (filled circles), and the continuum excitons (open squares) used in the calculation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plot of the l = 0 excitons energies EXσ0 relative to the heavy-hole 1s exciton energy E1σ2. Plotted are the bound light-hole excitons (filled circles), continuum excitons (open squares), and the peak of oscillating transient radiation spectra (curve). LH, light-hole.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated radiation field for several applied dc biases.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated normalized frequency spectra of the transient oscillating part of the radiation field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the peak terahertz frequencies from the exciton theory (solid curve) the valence subband separation that corresponds to the theory without excitons (dashed line), and the measured terahertz frequencies (x).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Symmetry and Character of Each of the ν Components of the Coulomb Interaction Potential for Different Combinations of l and σa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Polarization Selection Rules and Interband Dipole Moment ∊̂ · Pσν

Equations (30)

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itΨnm(k)=[Enc(k)-Emv(k)-ωp]Ψnm(k)-n1m1k(k)Vnm1,mn1eh(k-k)×Ψn1m1(k)-μnmcv(k)Ep(t),
-itPnn1C(k)=[Enc(k)-En1c(k)]Pnn1C(k)-n2m2m3k(k)Vn2m2,m3neh×(k-k)Ψn2m3*(k)Ψn1m2(k)+m2m3n4k(k)Vn1m2,m3n4eh×(k-k)Ψnm3*(k)Ψn4m2(k)-mμnmcv*(k)Ψn1m(k)Ep*(t)+mμn1mcv(k)Ψnm*(k)Ep(t),
-itPmm1V(k)=-[Emv(k)-Em1v(k)]Pmm1V(k)-n1m3n4k(k)Vn1m,m3n4eh×(k-k)Ψn1m3*(k)Ψn4m1(k)+n1m2n4k(k)Vn1m2,m1n4eh×(k-k)Ψn1m*(k)Ψn4m2(k)+nμnm1cv(k)Ψnm*(k)Ep(t)-nμnm1cv*(k)Ψnm1(k)Ep*(t).
Pdc=1Vnn1kPnn1C(k)μnn1cz(k)-1Vmm1kPmm1V(k)μm1mvz(k),
μnn1cz(k)=-|e|dxφnkc*(x)zφn1kc(x),
μmm1vz(k)=-|e|dxφmkv*(x)zφm1kv(x).
EXϕnmX(k)=[Enc(k)-Emv(k)]ϕnmX(k)-n1m1k(k)Vn1m,m1neh(k-k)ϕn1m1X×(k),
Ψnm(k)=XϕnmX(k)ΨX(t).
itΨX=[EX-ωp]ΨX(t)-FX*Ep(t),
FX=nmkμnmcv*(k)ϕnmX(k).
Pnn1C(k)=mXXϕnm*X(k)ϕn1mX(k)PXX(t).
Pmm1V(k)=nXXϕnm*X(k)ϕnm1X(k)PXX(t).
-itPXX=EX-EX+iTXXPXXt+FX*EptΨX*t-FXEp*tΨXt,
-itΨX*=EX-ωp+iTXΨX*t-FXEp*t,
Pdc=1VXXPXXμXX,
μXX=nnmkϕnmX*(k)ϕnmX(k)μnncz-nmmkϕnmX*(k)ϕnmX(k)μmmvz(k),
φnkv(x)=1AνFν(m, k, z)exp(ik·ρ)uν(r),
φnkc(x)=1Afnσ(k, z)exp(ik·ρ)uc(r),
Vnm,mnehσ(k, k)=e22Adzedzh fnσ*(k, ze)×fnσ(k, ze)×νFν*(m, k, zh)Fν(m, k, zh)×exp(-|k-k||ze-zh|)|k-k|,
Vnm,mnehσ(k, k)=-1AlVnm,mnσl(k, k)×exp[-il(θk-θk)],
Vnm,mnσl(k, k)=-e22ν02πdθ2πcos[(σ+ν-l)θ]×dzedzh fn(ze)fn(ze)×Fν(m, k, zh)Fν*(m, k, zh) ×exp(-|k-k|ze-zh|)|k-k|,
EXσlϕnmXσl(k)=[Enc(k)-Emv(k)]ϕnmXσl(k)-nmkdk2π×Vnm,mnσl(k, k)ϕnmXσl(k),
-itΨXσl*=EXσl-ωp+iTXΨXσl*-FXσlEp*t,
-itPXXσll=EXσl-EXσl+iTXXPXXσll+FXσl*EptΨXσl*t-FXσlEp*tΨXσlt,
FXσl=-i|e|A2πωpnmν0dkkInmν*k×m0ˆ·Pσν*ϕnmXσlkδl,σ+ν,
Pcv=m02Eg+Δs.o.Eg2me*Eg+Δs.o.1/2,
Pdc(t)=1LsX XσllPXXσll(t)μXXσll
Pdct=2LsReX XσllPXXσ20tμXXσ20+1LsXPXXσ22tμXXσ22+1LsXPXXσ00tμXXσ00,
μXXσ20=nnm kdk2πϕnmXσ2(k)ϕnmXσ0*(k)μnncz-n mmkdk2πϕnmXσ2(k)ϕnmXσ0*(k)μmmv,z(k)
μXXσll=nnmkdk2πϕnmXσl*(k)ϕnmXσl(k)μnnc,z-nmmkdk2πϕnmXσl*(k)ϕnmXσl(k)μmmv,z(k).

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