The spatial fidelity and the reflectivity of the externally pumped phase conjugation by four-wave mixing in photorefractive crystals are numerically studied by a three-dimensional analysis. The results are given for both the case that the input one-dimensional rectangular amplitude of the image-bearing beam has a finite extent in the plane of incidence of the four extraordinarily polarized beams and the case that the amplitude has a finite extent in the orthogonal plane. The fidelity and the reflectivity versus the input pump ratio, the moving velocity of the crystal, and the externally applied electric field are analyzed. Although one can enhance the reflectivity by moving the crystal or by applying an electric field, the output phase deviates increasingly from the conjugate phase.
© 1997 Optical Society of America
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