Abstract

Synchronous pumping of an optical parametric oscillator with picosecond pump pulses yields intense, tunable femtosecond pulses. The important parameters of the parametric process in the saturation regime are demonstrated by numerical calculations and compared with experimental results. Some numerical results on Kerr-lens mode locking of an optical parametric oscillator are also presented.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, “New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. Seifert, V. Petrov, and M. Woerner, “Solid-state laser system for the generation of midinfrared femtosecond pulses tunable from 3.3 to 10 µm,” Opt. Lett. 19, 2009 (1994); G. M. Gale, M. Cavallari, T. J. Driscoll, and F. Hache, “Generation of highly coherent tunable mid-infrared femtosecond pulses by parametric frequency-mixing at 82 MHz,” Opt. Commun. 119, 159 (1995); G. C. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. Sunney Xie, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator-amplifier system near 3 µm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1723 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch,” Opt. Lett. 19, 831 (1994).A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, “Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1753 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, “Tunable femtosecond-pulse generation by an optical parametric oscillator in the saturation regime,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2003 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Laenen, C. Rauscher, and A. Laubereau, “Kerr lens mode-locking of a sub-picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 115, 533 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, “Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, “Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 1st ed., Vol. 64 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 3, p. 103.
  11. S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  12. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991); A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Kogelnik and T. Li, “Laser beams and resonators,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1550 (1966).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Hache, A. Zeboulon, G. Gallot, and G. M. Gale, “Cascaded second-order effects in the femtosecond regime in β-barium borate: self-compression in a visible femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1556 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1994 (3)

1993 (2)

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, “Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151 (1993).
[Crossref]

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

1987 (1)

H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, “Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

Andrews, J. H.

Cerullo, G.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. K.

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 1st ed., Vol. 64 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 3, p. 103.

Dohlus, R.

H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
[Crossref]

Drabovich, K. N.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

Gale, G. M.

Gallot, G.

Graener, H.

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, “New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 1st ed., Vol. 64 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 3, p. 103.

Hache, F.

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, “Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kean, P. N.

Khaydarov, J. D. V.

Khokhlov, R. V.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

Kogelnik, H.

Kovrigin, A. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

R. Laenen, C. Rauscher, and A. Laubereau, “Kerr lens mode-locking of a sub-picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 115, 533 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, “Tunable femtosecond-pulse generation by an optical parametric oscillator in the saturation regime,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2003 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, “Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151 (1993).
[Crossref]

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, “New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
[Crossref]

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, “Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

Magni, V.

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 1st ed., Vol. 64 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 3, p. 103.

Petrov, V.

Powers, P. E.

Rauscher, C.

C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, “Tunable femtosecond-pulse generation by an optical parametric oscillator in the saturation regime,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2003 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. Laenen, C. Rauscher, and A. Laubereau, “Kerr lens mode-locking of a sub-picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 115, 533 (1995).
[Crossref]

Roth, T.

Seifert, F.

Seifert, G.

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, “New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seilmeier, A.

Sibbett, W.

Singer, K. D.

Spence, D. E.

Sukhorukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

Tang, C. L.

Woerner, M.

Wolfrum, K.

Zeboulon, A.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Graener, R. Dohlus, and A. Laubereau, “Infrared double-resonance spectroscopy of bromoform with picosecond pulses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 140, 306 (1987).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598 (1968).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Laenen, C. Rauscher, and A. Laubereau, “Kerr lens mode-locking of a sub-picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 115, 533 (1995).
[Crossref]

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, “Closed form gaussian beam analysis of resonators containing a Kerr medium for femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Commun. 101, 365 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

F. Hache, A. Zeboulon, G. Gallot, and G. M. Gale, “Cascaded second-order effects in the femtosecond regime in β-barium borate: self-compression in a visible femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1556 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “60-fsec pulse generation from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991); A. Leitenstorfer, C. Fürst, and A. Laubereau, “Widely tunable two-color mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser with pulse jitter of less than 2 fs,” Opt. Lett. 20, 916 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, “Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch,” Opt. Lett. 19, 831 (1994).A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, “Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1753 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rauscher, T. Roth, R. Laenen, and A. Laubereau, “Tunable femtosecond-pulse generation by an optical parametric oscillator in the saturation regime,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2003 (1995).
[Crossref]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Seifert, V. Petrov, and M. Woerner, “Solid-state laser system for the generation of midinfrared femtosecond pulses tunable from 3.3 to 10 µm,” Opt. Lett. 19, 2009 (1994); G. M. Gale, M. Cavallari, T. J. Driscoll, and F. Hache, “Generation of highly coherent tunable mid-infrared femtosecond pulses by parametric frequency-mixing at 82 MHz,” Opt. Commun. 119, 159 (1995); G. C. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. Sunney Xie, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator-amplifier system near 3 µm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1723 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, “New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, “Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 1st ed., Vol. 64 of Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991), Chap. 3, p. 103.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Group-velocity mismatch compensation for the idler versus applied pump intensity for two pump durations. Points are numerically obtained, and curves are calculated with Eq. (2).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Idler generation in the OPO versus pump intensity taken at τp=1.75ps (dashed curve) and τp=3.5ps (solid curve):  (a) Numerically obtained idler duration and (b) calculated contrast of the idler pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated idler shapes in space and time for two walkoff angles in three-dimensional plots at Ip=4 GW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured idler duration (filled squares) versus cavity-length detuning of the OPO. The solid curve is calculated with Ip=4 GW/cm2 and ρ=2.8°.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Numerically determined idler pulse duration (left-hand ordinate scale, solid curve) and nonlinear lens parameter γ (right-hand ordinate scale, dashed curve) versus position d of the Kerr medium inside the telescope (n2=3.8×10-14 cm2/W).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimentally determined idler duration (left-hand ordinate scale, filled squares) and spectral-bandwidth–pulse-duration product (right-hand ordinate scale, hollow dots) versus position of the Kerr medium inside the telescope. Curves are a guide to the eye.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Numerical Results on the Parametric Emission of the Synchronously Pumped OPO, with Varying Walkoff Angle ρ and Pump Intensity Ip (τp=3.5ps)

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Apz=-χpAsAi,
ρsAsr+Asz-δsAst=+χsApAi,
Ai z-δi Ait=+χiApAs.
1veff=1vi-κτpEp,
M=1-γ1de-γ(1-γ)de1.
γ=1+142πwc2λde-λde2πw022-1 PPc,

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