Abstract

Recent progress in the use of semiconductor laser amplifiers (SLA's) for high-speed all-optical switching is reviewed. We show that, despite SLA's having lifetimes of 100 ps, they are, to date, the most promising material system for all-optical ultrafast signal processing. We highlight the role of SLA carrier dynamics, which permits switching rates faster than the recovery time. Experimental results are presented that imply that switching rates of as much as 100 GHz should be possible. Recent experiments are described in which SLA-based switches were incorporated into novel all-optical architectures.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. D. Ellis and D. M. Spirit, “Compact 40 Gbit/s optical demultiplexer using a GaInAsP optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 29, 2115–2116 (1993).
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  9. A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
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  11. W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
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  17. D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
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  18. D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
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  20. C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.
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  23. M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2099–2112 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  29. K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. G. Kane, I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Asymmetric optical loop mirror: analysis of an all-optical switch,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6833–6842 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, “Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Lett. 19, 889–891 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  35. D. A. O. Davies, “Small-signal analysis of wavelength conversion in semiconductor laser amplifiers via gain saturation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 617–619 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  36. T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  37. K. Inoue, “Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47 µm LD pumping,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 506–508 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  38. R. J. Manning and G. Sherlock, “Recovery of a π phase shift in ∼12.5 ps in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 31, 307–308 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  39. K. Smith and J. K. Lucek, “All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1814–1816 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  40. L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fijimoto, “All-optical clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  41. R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  42. O. Kamatani, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Prescaled 6.3 GHz clock recovery from 50 Gbit/s TDM optical signal with 50 GHz PLL using four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave laser diode optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 807–809 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  43. D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  44. D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, and G. Sherlock, “Regenerative 20 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using a semiconductor laser amplifier loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1000–1001 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  45. N. A. Whitaker, M. C. Gabriel, H. Avramopoulos, and A. Huang, “All-optical, all-fiber circulating shift register with an inverter,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1999–2001 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  47. K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. J. Poustie, “Nonlinear optical loop mirrors with feedback and a slow nonlinearity,” Opt. Commun. 134, 43–48 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  48. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical regenerative memory,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, Vol. 15 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper SUB4.
  49. K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  50. R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. J. Poustie, “Nonlinear optical loop mirrors with feedback and a slow nonlinearity,” Opt. Commun. 134, 43–48 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (7)

A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, “Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47 µm LD pumping,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 506–508 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (11)

R. J. Manning and G. Sherlock, “Recovery of a π phase shift in ∼12.5 ps in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 31, 307–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2099–2112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, “Small-signal analysis of wavelength conversion in semiconductor laser amplifiers via gain saturation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 617–619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, “Nonlinear optics for future high-speed photonic networks,” Nonlinear Opt. 13, 185–201 (1995).

A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, and G. Sherlock, “Regenerative 20 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using a semiconductor laser amplifier loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1000–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (12)

O. Kamatani, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Prescaled 6.3 GHz clock recovery from 50 Gbit/s TDM optical signal with 50 GHz PLL using four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave laser diode optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 807–809 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Patrick and R. J. Manning, “20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 151–152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “Performance of a 50 Gbit/s optical time domain multiplexed system using a terahertz optical asymmetrical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 98–100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “BER measurements of frequency converted signals using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 30, 338–339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fijimoto, “All-optical clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kane, I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Asymmetric optical loop mirror: analysis of an all-optical switch,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6833–6842 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, “Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Lett. 19, 889–891 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (5)

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, “Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300–1303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, and L. D. Westbrook, “20 nm optical wavelength conversion using nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1303–1306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis and D. M. Spirit, “Compact 40 Gbit/s optical demultiplexer using a GaInAsP optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 29, 2115–2116 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM as high speed multiplexer/demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Smith and J. K. Lucek, “All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1814–1816 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Whitaker, M. C. Gabriel, H. Avramopoulos, and A. Huang, “All-optical, all-fiber circulating shift register with an inverter,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1999–2001 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14, 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

Adams, L. E.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fijimoto, “All-optical clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, N.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Arbert, M.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. J. Poustie, “Nonlinear optical loop mirrors with feedback and a slow nonlinearity,” Opt. Commun. 134, 43–48 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, “Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 14, 754–756 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical regenerative memory,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, Vol. 15 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper SUB4.

Braagaard, C.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, “Nonlinear optics for future high-speed photonic networks,” Nonlinear Opt. 13, 185–201 (1995).

D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Darwish, A. M.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Daub, K.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Davies, D. A. O.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, “Small-signal analysis of wavelength conversion in semiconductor laser amplifiers via gain saturation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 617–619 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, and G. Sherlock, “Regenerative 20 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using a semiconductor laser amplifier loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1000–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, “Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Lett. 19, 889–891 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, E.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Doussiere, P.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Durhuss, T.

T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Eckner, J.

R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

Ehrhardt, A.

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ehrke, H.-J.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eiselt, M.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2099–2112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM as high speed multiplexer/demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, and G. Sherlock, “Regenerative 20 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using a semiconductor laser amplifier loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1000–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellis and D. M. Spirit, “Compact 40 Gbit/s optical demultiplexer using a GaInAsP optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 29, 2115–2116 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Erman, M.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Fijimoto, J. G.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fijimoto, “All-optical clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M. A.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Franke, D.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Furst, W.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gabriel, M. C.

Garabedian, G.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Glance, B.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, “Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300–1303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “Performance of a 50 Gbit/s optical time domain multiplexed system using a terahertz optical asymmetrical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 98–100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Kane, I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Asymmetric optical loop mirror: analysis of an all-optical switch,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6833–6842 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, “Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300–1303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Graver, C.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Grosskopf, G.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, P.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
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Hagan, D. J.

M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P. B.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Haus, H. A.

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hess, R.

R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

Holtmann, C.

R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

Huang, A.

Hutchings, D. C.

M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Idler, W.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Gain dynamics of a saturated semiconductor laser amplifier with 1.47 µm LD pumping,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 506–508 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, J.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Jahn, E.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Jourdan, A.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Kamatani, O.

O. Kamatani, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Prescaled 6.3 GHz clock recovery from 50 Gbit/s TDM optical signal with 50 GHz PLL using four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave laser diode optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 807–809 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “Performance of a 50 Gbit/s optical time domain multiplexed system using a terahertz optical asymmetrical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 98–100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kane, M. G.

Kawanishi, S.

O. Kamatani, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Prescaled 6.3 GHz clock recovery from 50 Gbit/s TDM optical signal with 50 GHz PLL using four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave laser diode optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 807–809 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kean, A. H.

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A.

A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, and D. Nesset, “Nonlinear optical amplifiers for ultra-high speed all-optical wavelength conversion and switching,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 5 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 230–235.

Kintzer, E. S.

L. E. Adams, E. S. Kintzer, and J. G. Fijimoto, “All-optical clock recovery using a modelocked figure eight laser with a semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1696–1697 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Klenk, M.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Kuller, L.

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lach, E.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Langenhorst, R.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laube, G.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Leclerc, D.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Lenz, G.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

Lucek, J. K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Smith and J. K. Lucek, “All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1814–1816 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “BER measurements of frequency converted signals using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 30, 338–339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. J. Poustie, “Nonlinear optical loop mirrors with feedback and a slow nonlinearity,” Opt. Commun. 134, 43–48 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning and G. Sherlock, “Recovery of a π phase shift in ∼12.5 ps in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 31, 307–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning and D. A. O. Davies, “Three-wavelength device for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Lett. 19, 889–891 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, D. Cotter, and J. K. Lucek, “Enhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumping,” Electron. Lett. 30, 787–788 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Patrick and R. J. Manning, “20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 151–152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical regenerative memory,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, Vol. 15 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper SUB4.

Marcenac, D. D.

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, and D. Nesset, “Nonlinear optical amplifiers for ultra-high speed all-optical wavelength conversion and switching,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 5 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 230–235.

Melchior, H.

R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Miller, A.

G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, “Physics of all-optical switching devices,” in Photonics in Switching, J. E. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, London, 1993), Vol. 1, pp. 81–145.
[CrossRef]

Moores, J. D.

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nayar, B. K.

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, and D. Nesset, “Nonlinear optical amplifiers for ultra-high speed all-optical wavelength conversion and switching,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 5 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 230–235.

Nishi, S.

K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, D. M.

D. M. Patrick and R. J. Manning, “20 Gbit/s all-optical clock recovery using semiconductor nonlinearity,” Electron. Lett. 30, 151–152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patzak, E.

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, R. J.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Pender, W. A.

A. D. Ellis, D. A. O. Davies, A. Kelly, and W. A. Pender, “Data driven operation of semiconductor amplifier loop mirror at 40 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1245–1247 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Perino, J. S.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, “Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300–1303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pieper, W.

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2099–2112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM as high speed multiplexer/demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A. J.

K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. J. Poustie, “Nonlinear optical loop mirrors with feedback and a slow nonlinearity,” Opt. Commun. 134, 43–48 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical regenerative memory,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, Vol. 15 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper SUB4.

Prucnal, P. R.

M. G. Kane, I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Asymmetric optical loop mirror: analysis of an all-optical switch,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6833–6842 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “Performance of a 50 Gbit/s optical time domain multiplexed system using a terahertz optical asymmetrical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 98–100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

K. L. Hall, J. D. Moores, K. A. Rauschenbach, W. S. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “All-optical storage of a 1.25 kb packet at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1093–1095 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

R. Ludwig and G. Raybon, “BER measurements of frequency converted signals using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier at 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 30, 338–339 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. Kamatani, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Prescaled 6.3 GHz clock recovery from 50 Gbit/s TDM optical signal with 50 GHz PLL using four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave laser diode optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 807–809 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, M.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

Schnabel, R.

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shabeer, M.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sherlock, G.

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, and G. Sherlock, “Regenerative 20 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using a semiconductor laser amplifier loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1000–1001 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Manning and G. Sherlock, “Recovery of a π phase shift in ∼12.5 ps in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 31, 307–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, and L. D. Westbrook, “20 nm optical wavelength conversion using nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1303–1306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shiek-Bahae, M.

M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, “Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit 'keyword' address recognition,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2201–2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Smith and J. K. Lucek, “All-optical clock recovery using a mode-locked laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1814–1816 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sokoloff, J. P.

M. G. Kane, I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Asymmetric optical loop mirror: analysis of an all-optical switch,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6833–6842 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “Performance of a 50 Gbit/s optical time domain multiplexed system using a terahertz optical asymmetrical demultiplexer,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 6, 98–100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Spirit, D. M.

A. D. Ellis and D. M. Spirit, “Compact 40 Gbit/s optical demultiplexer using a GaInAsP optical amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 29, 2115–2116 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman and A. Miller, “Physics of all-optical switching devices,” in Photonics in Switching, J. E. Midwinter, ed. (Academic, London, 1993), Vol. 1, pp. 81–145.
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-optical wavelength conversion by SOAs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Suzuki, K.

K. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, S. Nishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Error-free demultiplexing of 160 Gbit/s pulse signal using optical loop mirror including semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1501–1503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tatham, M. C.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, and L. D. Westbrook, “20 nm optical wavelength conversion using nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1303–1306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vaa, M.

K. E. Stubkjaer, T. Durhuss, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, R. J. Pedersen, C. Braagaard, M. Vaa, S. L. Danielsen, P. Doussiere, G. Garabedian, C. Graver, A. Jourdan, J. Jacquet, D. Leclerc, M. Erman, and M. Klenk, “Optical wavelength converters,” in Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC'94) (Istituto Internazionale delle Comunicazioni, Genoa, Italy, 1994), Vol. 2, pp. 635–642.

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Shiek-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

J. S. Aitchison, A. H. Kean, C. N. Ironside, A. Villeneuve, and G. I. Stegeman, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in Al0.18Ga0.82As directional coupler in 1.55 µm spectral region,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1709–1710 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grosskopf, R. Ludwig, L. Kuller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, “Fiber loop optical buffer,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324–335 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ludwig, A. Ehrhardt, W. Pieper, E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, H.-J. Ehrke, L. Kuller, and H. G. Weber, “40 Gbit/s demultiplexing experiment with 10 GHz all-optical clock recovery using a modelocked semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 327–329 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM: semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 2099–2112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ehrhardt, M. Eiselt, G. Grosskopf, L. Kuller, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, R. Schnabel, and H. G. Weber, “Semiconductor laser amplifier as optical switching gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1287–1295 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, and H. G. Weber, “SLALOM as high speed multiplexer/demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weich, K.

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, and H. G. Weber, “All-optical and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1316–1318 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weinert, C. M.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Pieper, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, M. Arbert, H.-J. Ehrke, D. Franke, R. Ludwig, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, and C. M. Weinert, “40 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexing using a monolithically integrated Mach–Zehnder interferometer with semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1857–1858 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, L. D.

D. Nesset, M. C. Tatham, L. D. Westbrook, and D. Cotter, “Degenerate wavelength operation of an ultrafast all-optical and gate using four-wave mixing in a semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1938–1940 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tatham, G. Sherlock, and L. D. Westbrook, “20 nm optical wavelength conversion using nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1303–1306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Whitaker, N. A.

Widdowson, T.

D. A. O. Davies, A. D. Ellis, T. Widdowson, and G. Sherlock, “10 Gbit/s data switched semiconductor laser amplifier nonlinear loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 31, 111–112 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, and A. H. Gnauck, “Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 1300–1303 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wong, W. S.

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Wunstel, K.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, P. B. Hansen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, M. Schilling, K. Daub, E. Lach, G. Laube, W. Idler, and K. Wunstel, “Up to 10 Gbit/s bit-rate transparent integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” in ECOC'96 Proceedings (Telenor Research and Development, Kjeller, Norway, 1996), Vol. 4, pp. 4.41–4.44.

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A. J. Poustie, R. J. Manning, and K. J. Blow, “All-optical circulating shift register using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a fibre loop mirror,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1215–1216 (1996).
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Other (6)

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R. Hess, J. Leuthold, J. Eckner, C. Holtmann, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switch featuring monolithic InP-waveguide semiconductor optical amplifier interferometer,” in Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Vol. 18 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD2.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical regenerative memory,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, Vol. 15 of 1996 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), paper SUB4.

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Figures (22)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the TOAD arrangement, illustrating the operating principle. The SLA is placed asymmetrically in the loop. Polarization in the loop is altered by use of a single control element (Pol. Control).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response to a square clock pulse, illustrating the formation of a switching window of width 2x/v, where v is the speed of light in the loop.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental data of reflected and transmitted eye patterns, showing an excellent extinction ratio, and accompanying bit-error-rate (BER) measurements.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical evolution of the phase (or gain) of a SLA when a regular train of 10 GHz is input.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of the switching dynamics for a 10-GHz clock. The phase is a sawtooth, not the exponential of Fig. 2. If the phase is accompanied by a gain change at the data wavelength (usually the case), there will be amplitude modulation of the unswitched channels.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Top, theoretical phase evolution for CCW (solid curve) and CW (dashed curve) pulses; bottom, the corresponding loop mirror transmission, showing a square switching window.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Theoretical phase evolution for a SLA with a natural lifetime of 300 ps for a data train input, illustrating pulse-to-pulse phase and amplitude variation.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Simplified energy diagram showing the holding beam principle. Here λ1 is the holding beam wavelength, λ2 is the gating pulse wavelength, and λ3 is the data wavelength. The relatively intense holding beam acts to pin the quasi-Fermi-level separation.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Theoretical phase evolution for a SLA with an effective lifetime of 30 ps, for a data train input. The pulse-to-pulse phase variation is significantly reduced.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Experimental result showing phase and associated gain recovery in a SLA after single-pulse excitation, where the lifetime has been reduced by a holding beam. The filled squares are experimental points; the open circles are a theoretical fit. The measurements used a time-resolved interferometric technique, and Fringe Pos. Signal (deg) refers to the signal detected as a result of the shift in fringe position, which is proportional to the phase change. Amp. Mod., amplitude modulation observed owing to the change in gain.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Schematic of clock-recovery arrangement. The SLA is used as the nonlinear element for cross-phase and cross-gain modulation in a ring laser that has an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) as its gain element. A holding beam is injected into the SLA to reduce its lifetime. The ring laser mode locks from the modulation caused by the injected data, and part of the mode-locked train (the recovered clock) is output via a wavelength coupler.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental clock recovery: (a) input data, (b) recovered clock at the 20-GHz line rate.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Experimental setup for the 40-Gbit/s data-driven demultiplexing experiment. The passive multiplexer is used to generate 40-Gbit/s data, which are injected into the SLA through wavelength couplers (WDM's). Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers (EDFA's) are used to boost powers at the loop inputs.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Eye diagram of 10-Gbit/s transmitted probe, showing the demultiplexing operation.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Theoretical phase evolution for pulses in a loop mirror, where the SLA is subject to a data train, and associated transmission.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Schematic of the experimental arrangement for feedback experiments that give a circulating shift register and inverter function for repetition rates of 1 GHz. SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Observed output from an all-optical shift register, showing blocks of 1's followed by their logical complement of 0's. The lengths of the blocks correspond to the loop and feedback lengths.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Oscilloscope traces showing (a) the input pulse train at 2.5 GHz, (b) the clock-divided output at 1.25 GHz.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

First two round trips of a 3-GHz pulse block input to a SLA in a loop feedback configuration. (a) Input pulse block, with individual pulses shown as filled circles representing the peak pulse amplitude, which is taken as 0.25 unit for the initial conditions. (b) Resultant carrier density–phase evolution in the SLA, (c) the corresponding reflection coefficient, (d) the resultant block fed back to the SLA, (e) carrier density–phase response to the new block, (f) new pulse block, corresponding to the phase changes of (e). Note the beginnings of a modulated block.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

(a) Steady-state appearance of a pulse block after 30 round trips. (b) Phase–carrier density recovers to a fixed value when clock division has occurred.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

(a) Sequence of loop transmissions of pulses (filled circles), showing slight modulation of the block structure at a repetition rate of 2 GHz. The solid curves are shown solely as guides for the eye. (b) Loop transmissions at 2.5 GHz, just below the onset of clock division in the model. (c) Loop transmissions for a repetition rate of 3 GHz, showing the clock-divided output.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

Schematic of the regenerative memory arrangement used. TOAD2 is used as a wavelength converter. Note that the scheme is synchronous. I/P, input port; O/P, output port.

Equations (22)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g/g0=1+P/Psat,
Psat=hνA/Γτ(dg/dN).
n=n0-g0dn/dNdg/dN P/Psat1+P/Psat,
ΔϕNL=2πn2Il/λvac,
α=α0+β2I,
W=ΔϕNL/π=Δnsat/α0λvac,
W>p.
T=2π/ΔϕNL=2λvac β2/n2.
T<4/p.
dNdt=JeAl-Nτ-P(t)ΓahνA(N-NT),
G0=exp[Γg(N-NT)L-αDL],
N0=JτeAl.
dNdt=aN+bN2+cN3,
R=0.5(1+cos ΔΦ),
dNdt=-N-N0τ-P(t)Esat(N-NT)-Ph(t)Ehsat(N-NTh),
Esat=hνA/Γa.
1/τeff=1/τ+Ph/Ehsat,
P=jEjδ(t-jT),
Nj-=Kτ[1-exp(-T/τ)]+exp(-T/τ)exp(-αEj-M-1)Nj-1-,
Ej=(E0/2)(1+cos{ΘNj-[exp(-αEj-M-1)]}),
K=(N0-NT)/τNT,
α=Γa/hvA.

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