Abstract

We demonstrate a real-time femtosecond-laser-pulse analyzer by using a spectrally and temporally resolved upconversion technique (STRUT) for characterization of the phase and the intensity. The STRUT provides simple but reliable analysis of femtosecond pulses by employing a narrow-bandpass dielectric filter in one arm of a conventional single-shot upconversion autocorrelator and analyzing the spatiotemporal upconversion signal with a monochromator. The resulting spatiotemporal and spatiospectral image presents clear and complete information about femtosecond pulses produced by either oscillators or amplifiers. Characterization of 2-nJ, 60-fs Ti:sapphire oscillator pulses is achieved with 0.5 s data acquisition time and 0.2-s computational time.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1994

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

J.-K. Rhee, T. S. Sosnowski, T. B. Norris, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, “Chirped-pulse amplification of 85-fs pulses at 250 kHz by use of holographic transmission gratings,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1550–1552(1994).

1993

1992

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

1991

1989

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, “General method for ultrashort light pulse chirp measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225–1233(1989).

1987

1979

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behavior of an individual picosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242(1979).

Arns, J. A.

Bado, P.

Chilla, J. L. A.

Colburn, W. S.

Foing, J.-P.

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

Franco, M. A.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

Fujimoto, J. G.

Grischkowsky, D.

Gyuzalian, R. N.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behavior of an individual picosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242(1979).

Horvath, Z. G.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behavior of an individual picosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242(1979).

Ippen, E. P.

Joffre, M.

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

Kane, S.

Kean, P. N.

Korn, G.

Likforman, J.-P.

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

Martínez, O. E.

Migus, A.

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

Mogi, K.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, “General method for ultrashort light pulse chirp measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225–1233(1989).

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

Naganuma, K.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, “General method for ultrashort light pulse chirp measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225–1233(1989).

Nibbering, E. T. J.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

Norris, T. B.

Paye, J.

Prade, B. S.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

Proctor, B.

Ramaswamy, M.

Rhee, J.-K.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Rudd, J. V.

Schins, J. M.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

Sibbett, W.

Sogomonian, S. B.

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behavior of an individual picosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242(1979).

Sosnowski, T. S.

Spence, D. E.

Squier, J.

Westwig, E.

Wise, F.

Yamada, H.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, “General method for ultrashort light pulse chirp measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225–1233(1989).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Naganuma, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, “General method for ultrashort light pulse chirp measurement,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225–1233(1989).

J.-P. Foing, J.-P. Likforman, M. Joffre, and A. Migus, “Femtosecond pulse phase measurement by spectrally resolved up-conversion: application to continuum compression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2285–2290(1992).

Opt. Commun.

B. S. Prade, J. M. Schins, E. T. J. Nibbering, M. A. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “A simple method for the determination of the intensity and phase of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 113, 79–84(1994).

R. N. Gyuzalian, S. B. Sogomonian, and Z. G. Horvath, “Background-free measurement of time behavior of an individual picosecond laser pulse,” Opt. Commun. 29, 239–242(1979).

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. J. Kane and R. Trebino, “Single-shot measurement of the intensity and phase of an arbitrary ultrashort pulse by using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 18, 823–825(1993); K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, “Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595–1608(1994).

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