Abstract

We report the coherent control of excitons in quantum wells with pairs of 150-fs infrared pulses. Oscillations in the exciton density versus inter-pump-pulse separation, which correspond to the resonant transition energy, yield new insight into coherent exciton dynamics when their phase is analyzed. We demonstrate that these oscillations are caused when the second laser pulse destroys or enhances excitons that were created by the first pulse. The coherent carrier destruction generates ultrafast exciton dynamics that are not limited by the linewidth of the optical transition.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. M. Salour and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1905 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. See special issue on coherent spectroscopy and quantum beats, Phys. Status Solidi B 173, 11 (1992), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. Brener, P. C. M. Planken, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, S. L. Chuang, L. Pfeiffer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2457 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. V. Kuznetsov, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13381 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Kuhn and F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 977 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).
  21. S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Brener, P. C. M. Planken, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, S. L. Chuang, L. Pfeiffer, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2457 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (4)

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Tokunaga, A. Terasaki, and T. Kobayashi, Opt. Lett. 17, 1131 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

See special issue on coherent spectroscopy and quantum beats, Phys. Status Solidi B 173, 11 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

T. Kuhn and F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 977 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

A. V. Kuznetsov, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13381 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

J. T. Fourkas, W. L. Wilson, G. Wäckerle, A. E. Frost, and M. D. Fayer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1905 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. M. Salour and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

Bigot, J. Y.

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigot, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boehm, G.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

Brumer, P.

G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Buchanan, M.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carlson, R. J.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

Cina, J. A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

M. M. Salour and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahleh, M.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damen, T. C.

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, M.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, E.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

Elsaesser, T.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fayer, M. D.

Feldmann, J.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, G. R.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

Frost, A. E.

Göbel, E. O.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haas, S.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haner, M.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haug, H.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Klein, W.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knorr, A.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Koch, S. W.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhn, T.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kuhn and F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 977 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurizki, G.

G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, A. V.

A. V. Kuznetsov, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13381 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Leitenstorfer, A.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H. C.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lohner, A.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, M. S. C.

Matro, A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mycek, M.-A.

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nickel, H.

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuss, M. C.

Pfeiffer, L.

Pfeiffer, L. N.

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Planken, P. C. M.

Rabitz, H.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rice, S. A.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Romero-Rochin, V.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, F.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kuhn and F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 977 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruggiero, A. J.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Salour, M. M.

M. M. Salour and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, N. F.

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt-Rink, S.

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, M.

G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Spano, F.

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Terasaki, A.

Tokunaga, E.

Traenkle, G.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulbrich, R. G.

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wäckerle, G.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren, W. S.

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wasilewski, Z. R.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weimann, G.

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Weiss, S.

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilson, W. L.

Adv. Phys. (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and D. A. B. Miller, Adv. Phys. 38, 89 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Spano, M. Haner, and W. S. Warren, Chem. Phys. Lett. 135, 97 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

N. F. Scherer, R. J. Carlson, A. Matro, M. Du, A. J. Ruggiero, V. Romero-Rochin, J. A. Cina, G. R. Fleming, and S. A. Rice, J. Chem. Phys. 95, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

G. Kurizki, M. Shapiro, and P. Brumer, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3435 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. C. M. Planken, I. Brener, M. C. Nuss, M. S. C. Luo, and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 48, 4903 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kuznetsov, Phys. Rev. B 44, 13381 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

S. Schmitt-Rink, D. S. Chemla, and H. Haug, Phys. Rev. B. 37, 941 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, J. Shah, T. C. Damen, and L. N. Pfeiffer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3065 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kuhn and F. Rossi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 977 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Leitenstorfer, A. Lohner, T. Elsaesser, S. Haas, F. Rossi, T. Kuhn, W. Klein, G. Boehm, G. Traenkle, and G. Weimann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1687 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Salour and C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 757 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Weiss, M.-A. Mycek, J. Y. Bigot, S. Schmitt-Rink, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2685 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, M.-A. Mycek, S. Weiss, R. G. Ulbrich, and D. S. Chemla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3307 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, A. Knorr, J. Feldmann, S. W. Koch, E. O. Göbel, and H. Nickel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1178 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

See special issue on coherent spectroscopy and quantum beats, Phys. Status Solidi B 173, 11 (1992), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahleh, Science 259, 1581 (1993), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly, Optical Resonance and Two-Level Atoms (Dover, New York, 1987).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of the coherent control experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of the pump-pulse sequence (solid curve) showing the reversal of interference when the time delay is increased by λlaser/2c (dashed curve). Inset, spacing Δλ between interference minima versus τ12.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Interferogram of the differential reflectivity ΔR of sample 1 versus inter-pump-pulse separation τ12 for a probe delay τx of 4 ps. Inset, expanded interference oscillations with calculated values through measured points. (b) Intensity of the interference oscillations in ΔR (AR, solid curve) and of the pump-pulse interferogram (AL, dashed curve). (c) Phase shifts ΦR and ΦL of the oscillations in multiples of π.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Interferogram of the differential reflectivity ΔR of sample 2 versus inter-pump-pulse separation τ12 for a probe delay τx of 10 ps. (b) Intensity of the interference oscillations in ΔR (AR , solid curve) and of the pump-pulse interferogram (AL, dashed curve). (c) Phase shifts ΦR and ΦL of the oscillations in multiples of π. Inset, energy corresponding to the slope of ΦR.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time-resolved enhancement (τ12 = nThh, dashed curve) and destruction (τ12 = [n + 1/2]Thh, solid curve) of the pump-induced reflection change versus probe delay τx for sample 1. The arrows indicate the arrival of the second pump pulse. The dotted lines in (a) record the effects of each pump pulse alone. The second pump beam is attenuated by 60% with a neutral-density filter ND in (e). Long-lived residual signals (∼10%) originating from incomplete carrier relaxation are removed from the data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Effect of the pump pulses on the initially unexcited Bloch vector, B = (0, 0, −1). Pulse 1 rotates B by θ1, creating a population N1. The concomitant polarization decays as carriers are scattered before the destructively phased pulse 2 rotates B back by θ2, leaving N excited excitons behind.

Equations (3)

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( n + 1 2 ) λ = c τ 12 ( n integral ) .
I ( τ 12 ) = A ( τ 12 ) sin [ 2 π τ 12 T hh + ϕ ( τ 12 ) ] + B ( τ 12 ) .
N ± = 1 cos ( θ 1 ± θ 2 ) ± ( η 1 ) sin θ 1 sin θ 2 .

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