Abstract

Quantum-well exciton superradiance and exciton cavity polarization formation both require a substantial spatial coherence area in order to become the dominant exciton field interaction. In both interaction processes the quantum-well (in-plane) momentum is conserved. Momentum scattering, which is due, e.g., to interaction with a phonon reservoir, quickly localizes an initially delocalized exciton and randomizes the excitation momentum. We take a close look at how momentum scattering influences measurements of excitonic superradiance and of exciton cavity polariton splitting. An important conclusion is that, in general, measurements of the emitted light do not correspond to the evolution of the system as a whole. Therefore, e.g., the measured decay rates do not correspond to the true decay rate of the system.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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