Abstract

Recording of a π/2-shifted photorefractive grating in iron-doped BaTiO3 by orthogonally polarized waves is reported. The unidirectional intensity transfer from ordinary to extraordinary waves is attributed to the photovoltaic process of charge redistribution. The sign of the antisymmetric component of the photovoltaic tensor is found, and an estimate of its absolute value is given.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. I. Belinitcher and B. I. Sturman, “The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 199–223(1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. M. Fridkin and R. M. Magomadov, “Anomalous photovoltaic effect in LiNbO3:Fe in polarized light,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 30, 686–688 (1979).
  5. H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. G. Odoulov, “Spatially oscillating photovoltaic current in iron-doped lithium niobate crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 35, 10–13 (1982).
  7. L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. Pierce and R. S. Cudney, “Photorefractive coupling between orthogonally polarized beams in barium titanate,” Opt. Lett. 17, 784–786(1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Feinberg, “Asymmetric self-defocusing of an optical beam from the photorefractive effect,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46–51(1982).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Odoulov and B. Sturman, “Four-wave polarization interaction in photorefractive crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 1134–1144(1987).
  14. L. Holtmann, “A model for the nonlinear photoconductivity of BaTiO3,” Phys. Status Solidi A 113, K89–K91(1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Explanation of the apparent sublinear photoconductivity of photorefractive barium titanate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195–2199(1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. G. Odoulov and B. I. Sturman, “Coupling of orthogonally-polarized waves in BaTiO3/sub> via parametric scattering,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 82, 1095–1101 (1996).
  20. S. Odoulov, “Vectorial interactions in photovoltaic media,” Ferroelectrics 91, 213–221(1988).
    [CrossRef]

1993

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

1991

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Explanation of the apparent sublinear photoconductivity of photorefractive barium titanate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195–2199(1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

L. Holtmann, “A model for the nonlinear photoconductivity of BaTiO3,” Phys. Status Solidi A 113, K89–K91(1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, “Vectorial interactions in photovoltaic media,” Ferroelectrics 91, 213–221(1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

S. Odoulov and B. Sturman, “Four-wave polarization interaction in photorefractive crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 1134–1144(1987).

1982

J. Feinberg, “Asymmetric self-defocusing of an optical beam from the photorefractive effect,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46–51(1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

V. I. Belinitcher and B. I. Sturman, “The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 199–223(1980).
[CrossRef]

1977

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

1974

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
[CrossRef]

Belinitcher, V. I.

V. I. Belinitcher and B. I. Sturman, “The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 199–223(1980).
[CrossRef]

Brost, G. A.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
[CrossRef]

Cudney, R. S.

Dischler, B.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Dovgalenko, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duree, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engelmann, H.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Explanation of the apparent sublinear photoconductivity of photorefractive barium titanate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195–2199(1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, “Asymmetric self-defocusing of an optical beam from the photorefractive effect,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46–51(1982).
[CrossRef]

Festl, H. G.

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
[CrossRef]

Gonser, U.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, P.

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

Hesse, H.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

Holtmann, L.

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, “A model for the nonlinear photoconductivity of BaTiO3,” Phys. Status Solidi A 113, K89–K91(1989).
[CrossRef]

Jaekel, G.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

Keune, W.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kraetzig, E.

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
[CrossRef]

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, H.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Mahgerefteh, D.

D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Explanation of the apparent sublinear photoconductivity of photorefractive barium titanate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195–2199(1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motes, R. A.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
[CrossRef]

Negran, T. J.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
[CrossRef]

Odoulov, S.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, “Vectorial interactions in photovoltaic media,” Ferroelectrics 91, 213–221(1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov and B. Sturman, “Four-wave polarization interaction in photorefractive crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 1134–1144(1987).

Pierce, R. M.

Raeuber, A.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

Rotge, J. R.

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
[CrossRef]

Salamo, G.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

Sharp, E. J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shultz, J.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov and B. Sturman, “Four-wave polarization interaction in photorefractive crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 1134–1144(1987).

Sturman, B. I.

V. I. Belinitcher and B. I. Sturman, “The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 199–223(1980).
[CrossRef]

van Olfen, U.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

von Balz, R.

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
[CrossRef]

Wechsler, B. A.

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys.

H. Kurtz, E. Kraetzig, W. Keune, H. Engelmann, U. Gonser, B. Dischler, and A. Raeuber, “Photorefractive centers in LiNbO3, studied by optical, Mössbauer, and EPR methods,” Appl. Phys. 12, 355–368(1977).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Coupling of orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. 53, 1–5(1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, J. Shultz, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Manifestation of circular photogalvanic current by dynamic holography,” Appl. Phys. A 56, 303–305(1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Nonlinear scattering in BaTiO3/sub> induced by two orthogonally polarized waves,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 317–321(1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, “High voltage bulk photovoltaic effect and the photorefractive process in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233–236(1974).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics

S. Odoulov, “Vectorial interactions in photovoltaic media,” Ferroelectrics 91, 213–221(1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotge, “Intensity dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1879–1886(1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Odoulov, B. Sturman, L. Holtmann, and E. Kraetzig, “Parametric conical scattering of two orthogonally polarized waves in BaTiO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1648–1653(1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

U. van Olfen, H. Hesse, G. Jaekel, E. Kraetzig, and S. Odoulov, “Anisotropic grating recording in photorefractive KNbO3:Fe,” Opt. Commun. 93, 219–222(1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Mahgerefteh and J. Feinberg, “Explanation of the apparent sublinear photoconductivity of photorefractive barium titanate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2195–2199(1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kukhtarev, G. Dovgalenko, G. Duree, G. Salamo, E. J. Sharp, B. A. Wechsler, and M. B. Klein, “Single beam polarization holographic grating recording,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 4330–4333(1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi A

L. Holtmann, “A model for the nonlinear photoconductivity of BaTiO3,” Phys. Status Solidi A 113, K89–K91(1989).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B

H. G. Festl, P. Hertel, E. Kraetzig, and R. von Balz, “Investigations of the photovoltaic tensor in doped LiNbO3,” Phys. Status Solidi B 113, 157–165(1982).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

S. Odoulov and B. Sturman, “Four-wave polarization interaction in photorefractive crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 65, 1134–1144(1987).

Sov. Phys. Usp.

V. I. Belinitcher and B. I. Sturman, “The photogalvanic effect in media lacking a center of symmetry,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 23, 199–223(1980).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. M. Fridkin and R. M. Magomadov, “Anomalous photovoltaic effect in LiNbO3:Fe in polarized light,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 30, 686–688 (1979).

S. G. Odoulov, “Spatially oscillating photovoltaic current in iron-doped lithium niobate crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett. 35, 10–13 (1982).

S. G. Odoulov and B. I. Sturman, “Coupling of orthogonally-polarized waves in BaTiO3/sub> via parametric scattering,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 82, 1095–1101 (1996).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic representation of the experimental arrangement: M, mirror; C, crystal optical axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitted intensity of the extraordinary wave as a function of time. The arrows indicate the onset of the ordinary wave. Curves a and b correspond to intensity ratios m=80 and m=4, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain factor versus input wave intensity ratio for the sample with 0.075 at. % Fe at θair=10°. The crossed and the filled circles represent the steady-state and the transient gain factors, respectively. The dashed curves are a guide to the eye.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity dependence of the gain factor. Incidence angle θair=10° and input intensity ratio m=80 for the sample with 0.075 at. % Fe.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Gain factor versus incidence angle of the interacting waves. Open circles, filled circles, and half-filled circles correspond to NFe0.023, 0.045, 0.075 at. % Fe, respectively; m = 80. Curves 1–3 are the least-squares fits to calculated dependence (see text).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Concentration dependence of the gain factor.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Concentration dependence of the antisymmetric component of the photovoltaic tensor.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Far-field distribution of transmitted and scattered light, and (b) grating vector diagram for light-induced conical scattering in BaTiO3.

Equations (14)

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ji=βijkEjEk*+c.c.,
Γ=(1/)ln[Ie()Io(0)/Ie(0)Io()],
E=exp(-iωt)[eoao exp(ikor)+eeae exp(iker)],
j=βs{(c·E)·E*+(c·E)*·E}+iβa[c×[E×E*]],
j=2eo|aoae|[βs cos(Kr)+βa sin(Kr)],
Δzμ=-n4r51μ,
Δzμ(r)=Δzμ exp(iKr)+c.c., μ=x,y.
=-(βs+iβa)(s·eo)aoae*/σ.
(s·eo)=cos{θ+tan-1[(no-ne)/(no+ne)tan θ]}
|ao,e|2=[|ao(0)|2+|ae(0)|2]/[1+m1 exp(±Γ)],
Γ=[ωn3r51βa(s·eo)2]/(cκ cos θ),
[ΔIe/Ie][2πn3r51βa(s·eo)2IoΔt]/(oλ cos θ);
βa(oλ/2πn3r51IeIo)[cos θ/(s·eo)2](ΔIe/Δt).
δIoIoIs/IΣ,

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