Abstract

We report on an experimental investigation and numerical analysis of the spectral properties of pulsed nanosecond optical parametric oscillation. The optical parametric oscillator (OPO) used in the experimental investigations consisted of a 2.5-mm-long crystal of beta-barium borate (pumped by the third harmonic of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser) and a 3.5-mm-long optical cavity of two plane mirrors. Despite the short crystal, this OPO provided an efficiency of 26% at pump-pulse intensities of 30 mJ. Owing to the short cavity, the longitudinal mode spacing was ∼1 cm-1. The complete mode spectrum of individual OPO pulses could thus be recorded with a 1-m grating spectrometer having a spectral resolution of 0.25 cm-1. If the OPO was unseeded, the energy distribution in the mode spectrum varied considerably from pulse to pulse. Near threshold, the fluctuations of the energy of individual modes are close to 100%. The origin of these fluctuations are the statistical fluctuations of the vacuum field that initiate the OPO oscillation. The measured mode spectra were numerically simulated by solving the coupled amplitude equations for the signal and the idler modes and the pump field. The numerical results are in good agreement with the measurements. In further investigations, the OPO was seeded with either pulsed or cw laser radiation. The experimental results demonstrate that seed pulse energies of a few nanojoules or cw seed powers of a few milliwatts were sufficient for reliable single-longitudinal-mode operation. The mode spectra of the seeded OPO as well as the spectra recorded for seed powers in the regime between seeded and unseeded OPO operation are in good agreement with the spectra predicted by numerical analysis.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  30. A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
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  31. C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
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  32. J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  33. G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Time-resolved observation of thermal and mechanical effects in tissue models induced by short laser pulses from an optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 2077, 171 (1993).
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  34. G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Investigation of ablation dynamics as a function of wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 2134, 93 (1994).
  35. M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  36. D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
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  37. W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716 (1993).
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  38. L. B. Kreuzer, “Single mode oscillation of a pulsed singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 263 (1969).
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  41. D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
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  42. F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
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  43. C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 370.
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    [CrossRef]
  46. U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
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  49. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1765 (1993).
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  50. M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  52. S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  53. V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  54. N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  55. M. G. Raymer and I. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” Prog. Opt. 28, 181 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  56. D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  57. R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  58. K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
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  59. W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).
  60. A. V. Masalov, “Spectral and temporal fluctuations of broad-band laser radiation,” Prog. Opt 23, 145 (1990).
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  62. K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Boon-Engering, W. E. van der Meer, J. W. Gerritsen, and W. Hogervorst, “Bandwidth studies of an injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 20, 380 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Investigation of ablation dynamics as a function of wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 2134, 93 (1994).

1993 (13)

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Time-resolved observation of thermal and mechanical effects in tissue models induced by short laser pulses from an optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 2077, 171 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, “Average-power scaling for ultraviolet-pumped β-barium borate and lithium triborate optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1751 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “Efficient, single-axial mode oscillation of a beta barium borate optical parametric oscillator pumped by an excimer laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 123 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. C. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, H.-D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “Rotationally resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy by using a tunable optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 441 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Byer and A. Piskarskas, eds., feature issue on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–1791 (1993).

A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (7)

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-bariumborate and lithiumborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Beta barium borate (BBO),” Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (6)

A. V. Masalov, “Spectral and temporal fluctuations of broad-band laser radiation,” Prog. Opt 23, 145 (1990).

M. G. Raymer and I. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” Prog. Opt. 28, 181 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Qikang, X. Fali, and C. Qi, “Optical parametric oscillators of BBO and KTP,” Proc. SPIE 1230, 409 (1990).

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phasematching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-barium borate crystal pumped by an XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

1984 (2)

N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
[CrossRef]

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Marunkov, V. I. Pryalkin, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Improvement in the conversion efficiency of pulsed optical parametric oscillators using external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 869 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (3)

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Kreuzer, “Single mode oscillation of a pulsed singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 263 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Abdullin, U. A.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D. A.

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Baev, V. M.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Baker, C. J.

C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barjenbruch, U.

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barth, H.-D.

Baumgartner, R. A.

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

Boon-Engering, J. M.

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phasematching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 370.

Bradley, D. D. C.

C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brüggemann, D.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Part B, p. 587; Y. X. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Progress in optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 461, 27 (1984); C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cassedy, E. S.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cubeddu, R.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Curry, S. M.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D’yakov, Yu. E.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Danielmeyer, H. G.

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M.

Dunn, M. H.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. C. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “Efficient, single-axial mode oscillation of a beta barium borate optical parametric oscillator pumped by an excimer laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 123 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dzhotyan, G. P.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ebert, B.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fabricius, N.

N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fali, X.

F. Qikang, X. Fali, and C. Qi, “Optical parametric oscillators of BBO and KTP,” Proc. SPIE 1230, 409 (1990).

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

Feldbausch, R.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

Fiebig, M.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fix, A.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-bariumborate and lithiumborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

A. Fix, “Untersuchung der spektralen Eigenschaften von optischen parametrischen Oszillatoren aus dem optisch nichtlinearen Material Betabariumborat,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1994).

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).

Fröhlich, D.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaida, G.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gelsen, O. M.

C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gerritsen, J. W.

Gierulski, A.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goldmann, A.

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Guyer, D. R.

Hamilton, C. E.

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 370.

Hänsch, T. W.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Haub, J. G.

Henderson, A.

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “Efficient, single-axial mode oscillation of a beta barium borate optical parametric oscillator pumped by an excimer laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 123 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henderson, A. J.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. C. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hertzberg, J.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Herziger, G.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

Hovde, D. C.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huisken, F.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

Jain, M.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Jiang, A. D.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

Johnson, M. J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kholodnykh, A. I.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Marunkov, V. I. Pryalkin, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Improvement in the conversion efficiency of pulsed optical parametric oscillators using external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 869 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Knoche, K.-F.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kohl, M.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kolenbrander, K.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Kreuzer, L. B.

L. B. Kreuzer, “Single mode oscillation of a pulsed singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 263 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Krichevtsov, B. B.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulcke, A.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Laush, C.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, K. K.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lisy, J. M.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Marunkov, A. G.

A. G. Marunkov, V. I. Pryalkin, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Improvement in the conversion efficiency of pulsed optical parametric oscillators using external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 869 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Masalov, A. V.

A. V. Masalov, “Spectral and temporal fluctuations of broad-band laser radiation,” Prog. Opt 23, 145 (1990).

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Meenakshi, S.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, S. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Meister, G.

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Michael, D. W.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Naarmann, H.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nattermann, K.

N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Neukammer, J.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Beta barium borate (BBO),” Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nowak, Ch.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Paltauf, G.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Investigation of ablation dynamics as a function of wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 2134, 93 (1994).

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Time-resolved observation of thermal and mechanical effects in tissue models induced by short laser pulses from an optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 2077, 171 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pisarev, R. V.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).

Pryalkin, V. I.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Marunkov, V. I. Pryalkin, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Improvement in the conversion efficiency of pulsed optical parametric oscillators using external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 869 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Qi, C.

F. Qikang, X. Fali, and C. Qi, “Optical parametric oscillators of BBO and KTP,” Proc. SPIE 1230, 409 (1990).

Qikang, F.

F. Qikang, X. Fali, and C. Qi, “Optical parametric oscillators of BBO and KTP,” Proc. SPIE 1230, 409 (1990).

Raymer, M. G.

M. G. Raymer and I. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” Prog. Opt. 28, 181 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rinneberg, H.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G.

Rustagi, K. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Kloiber, H.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Investigation of ablation dynamics as a function of wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 2134, 93 (1994).

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Time-resolved observation of thermal and mechanical effects in tissue models induced by short laser pulses from an optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 2077, 171 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, H.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, T.

Schrof, W.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scoles, G.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sinclair, B. C.

Sobolev, V. B.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sukowski, U.

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phasematching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Tenkolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).

Ticktin, A.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Timmermans, J. H.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tino, G. M.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

Toschek, P. E.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Urschel, R.

R. Urschel, “Optisch parametrischer Oszillator aus Betabariumborat mit Injection Seeding,” diplom thesis (Universität Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1992).

van der Meer, W. E.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).

Voelkel, D.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-bariumborate and lithiumborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

Walmsley, I. A.

M. G. Raymer and I. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” Prog. Opt. 28, 181 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Waschke, Y.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wies, B.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Withers, D. E.

Woll, J.

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Xu, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

You, G.

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhdanov, B. V.

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hänsch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (2)

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Beta barium borate (BBO),” Appl. Phys. A 52, 359 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Woll, G. Meister, U. Barjenbruch, and A. Goldmann, “Oxygen chemisorption on Cu(110): a combined study by second harmonic generation and photoemission,” Appl. Phys. A 60, 173 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “Efficient, single-axial mode oscillation of a beta barium borate optical parametric oscillator pumped by an excimer laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 123 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phasematching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Kreuzer, “Single mode oscillation of a pulsed singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 263 (1969).
[CrossRef]

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “New infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. Baker, O. M. Gelsen, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Location of the lowest even parity excited singlet state in poly (p-phenylenevinylene) by two-photon fluorescence spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 201, 127 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (7)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, “The evolution of relative phase angle in optical parametric amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 146 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (7)

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-bariumborate and lithiumborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

Opt. Commun. (2)

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuation of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309 (1981).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole–electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2127 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Fabricius, K. Nattermann, and D. von der Linde, “Macroscopic manifestation of quantum fluctuations in transient stimulated Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 113 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (5)

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3) between 1–2.1 µm of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. SPIE 1560, 172 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Time-resolved observation of thermal and mechanical effects in tissue models induced by short laser pulses from an optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE 2077, 171 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, “Investigation of ablation dynamics as a function of wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 2134, 93 (1994).

M. Kohl, U. Sukowski, B. Ebert, J. Neukammer, H. Rinneberg, and Ch. Nowak, “Imaging of superficially growing tumors by delayed observation of laser-induced fluorescence,” Proc. SPIE 1881, 206 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Qikang, X. Fali, and C. Qi, “Optical parametric oscillators of BBO and KTP,” Proc. SPIE 1230, 409 (1990).

Prog. Opt (1)

A. V. Masalov, “Spectral and temporal fluctuations of broad-band laser radiation,” Prog. Opt 23, 145 (1990).

Prog. Opt. (1)

M. G. Raymer and I. A. Walmsley, “The quantum coherence properties of stimulated Raman scattering,” Prog. Opt. 28, 181 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3 optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Sin. Ser. B (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. A. Abdullin, G. P. Dzhotyan, Yu. E. D’yakov, B. V. Zhdanov, V. I. Pryalkin, V. B. Sobolev, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Investigation of the spectral and energy characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator operating in the regime of external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 538 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Marunkov, V. I. Pryalkin, and A. I. Kholodnykh, “Improvement in the conversion efficiency of pulsed optical parametric oscillators using external signal injection,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 869 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 370.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single-longitudinal-mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 528.

R. Urschel, “Optisch parametrischer Oszillator aus Betabariumborat mit Injection Seeding,” diplom thesis (Universität Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1992).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).

W. H. Press, B. P. Flannery, S. A. Tenkolsky, and W. T. Vetterling, Numerical Recipes in Pascal (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1989).

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Part B, p. 587; Y. X. Fan and R. L. Byer, “Progress in optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 461, 27 (1984); C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThT4.

A. Fix, “Untersuchung der spektralen Eigenschaften von optischen parametrischen Oszillatoren aus dem optisch nichtlinearen Material Betabariumborat,” Ph.D. dissertation (Universität Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany, 1994).

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Figures (24)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the procedure used for the numerical analysis of the OPO. For further details, see text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the investigation of the spectral properties of the BBO OPO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse energy of the total and of the signal output of the BBO OPO measured in dependence of the pump-pulse energy. The solid and the dashed curves represent the calculated output energies.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mode spectra of the (550-nm) signal wave recorded for ten successive OPO pulses. The OPO is operated at 1.44 times above threshold. The mode spacing is 28.8 GHz (0.96 cm-1). The resolution of the spectrometer is 7.5 GHz (0.25 cm-1).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Mode spectrum of the signal wave averaged over 500 successive OPO pulses. The wavelength and the OPO parameters are the same as for the recordings shown in Fig. 4. (b) Noise of the pulse intensities of the individual modes. For further details, see text.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Intensity distribution of the central OPO signal mode as a function of the normalized intensity determined from 920 OPO pulses. The intensity noise level is 119%. For these measurements the OPO was pumped at 1.2 times the threshold energy. The OPO spectrum contains 21 modes. The signal wavelength is 535 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Intensity distribution of the central mode of the OPO as a function of the normalized intensity determined from 720 OPO pulses. The OPO was operated at 3 times the threshold energy. The spectrum consists of 37 modes. The noise level is 56%. The signal wavelength is 568 nm. (b) Distribution of the corresponding total pulse intensity. The noise level of the total pulse intensity is 14%.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Noise level of the central mode in dependence of the ratio of the pump energy J to the threshold energy J0. Close to threshold, the noise level is approximately 100%. At higher pump levels the noise of the mode intensity is significantly reduced.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Cross-correlation coefficient for modes with a frequency separation nC/2L(n=1,,7) averaged over all OPO modes. For all frequency separations but zero the correlation is negligible. The OPO was operated at a pump energy 3 times the threshold energy with a signal wavelength of 568 nm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Cross-correlation coefficient of the central mode of the OPO spectrum with its adjacent modes. A correlation between these modes is not observed within the experimental accuracy.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) Calculated OPO mode spectrum averaged over 250 pulses. The computation was performed with 41 signal modes. The OPO is operated at 1.5 times the threshold energy. The assumed noise of the pump energy is 6%. (b) Energy noise of the individual modes as a function of the mode number.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Calculated mode intensity distribution versus normalized intensity. The selected mode is the central mode (number 21) of the spectrum shown in Fig. 11(a). This distribution is computed from the spectra of 250 single pulses. The noise is 53%; the OPO is operated 1.5 times above threshold.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Numerically determined intensity noise of the individual OPO modes. The noise is determined from the spectra of 100 calculated OPO pulses, which contain 41 modes. It is assumed that the OPO is operated at 3 times above threshold. The noise of the pump energy was assumed to be 0% (full circles) or 6% (hollow circles), respectively.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Calculated noise of the total OPO pulse intensity as a function of the pump energy. The assumed noise of the pump energy is 6%.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Calculated temporal profiles of the pump and the OPO pulses for different pump levels. The dotted, dot–dash, solid, and dashed curves denote the irradiated pump, the depleted pump, the signal, and the idler, respectively.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Depletion of the pump pulse, calculated for different pump intensities: (a) J/J0=3, (b) J/J0=2, (c) J/J0=1.5, and (d) J/J0=1.2. The pulse powers are normalized in respect to the undepleted pump pulse (solid curve).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Calculated spatial beam profiles of the pump and the OPO pulses for different pump levels. The dotted, dot–dash, solid, and dashed curves denote the irradiated pump, the depleted pump, the signal, and the idler, respectively.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Averaged mode spectra of the BBO OPO seeded with pulsed dye laser radiation with an energy of (a) 2.0 nJ, (b) 0.7 nJ, (c) 0.2 nJ, and (d) for unseeded operation. The OPO was pumped 1.5 times the threshold energy. Each spectrum is normalized to the maximum of the mode intensity.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Measured intensity distributions of the dominant mode of the BBO OPO: (a) The OPO is unseeded. The noise level is 97%. (b) The seed energy is 0.2 nJ. The noise level is 71%. (c) The seed energy is 2.0 nJ. The noise level is 37%.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

Averaged spectra of the BBO OPO injection seeded with a seed power of a cw Ti:Sapphire laser of (a) 2.4 mW, (b) 0.24 mW, (c) 0.05 mW, and (d) for unseeded operation. The Ti: sapphire laser was tuned to the wavelength of the OPO idler wave at 999 nm, which corresponds to a signal wavelength of 555 nm. The OPO pump energy was 1.5 times the threshold power. Each spectrum is normalized to the maximum mode intensity.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

Calculated spectra of (a) the unseeded OPO, and with a seed energy of pulsed seed radiation of (b) 10-13 J, (c) 5 × 10-13 J, and 10-11 J (d). The seeded mode is mode number 13. The OPO was operated at 1.5 times the threshold energy with a signal wavelength of 535 nm. The spectra are averaged over 40 pulses and are normalized to the maximum mode intensity.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

Calculated mode spectra of a seeded OPO. Seed radiation with a pulse energy of 10-11 mJ is coupled into (a) central mode number 16, (b) into mode number 7, (c) into mode number 4, or (d) into mode number 1. The OPO was operated 1.5 times the threshold energy with a signal wavelength of 535 nm. The spectra are averaged over 40 pulses and normalized to the maximum mode intensity.

Fig. 23
Fig. 23

Calculated increase of the OPO output energy (hollow circles, left scale) and the S factor (full circles, right scale) of the seeded OPO as function of the number of the seeded mode. For further details, see text.

Fig. 24
Fig. 24

Calculated increase of the OPO output energy as function of the temporal separation between the seed and the pump pulses.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Noise of the Dominant Mode of the BBO OPO When Seeded at Different Seed Energy Levels

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Table 2 Dependence of the Noise of the Seeded OPO Mode on the Noise of the Pump Lasera

Equations (7)

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Asnz+αsAsn=-κsApAin sin(Δknz+Δφn),
Ainz+αiAin=-κiApAin sin(Δknz+Δφn),
Apz+αpAp=ν=1NκpAsνAiν sin(Δkνz+Δφν),
Δφnz=ν=1NκpAsνAiνApcos(Δkνz+Δφν)-κsApAinAsn+κiApAsnAin cos (Δknz+Δφn).
0|E(r)|0=0,
0|[E(r)]2|0=hω20L3.
Pn(I)=1/Iexp(-I/I).

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