Abstract

An ytterbium atomic beam has been decelerated with the use of a multimode light beam based on a frequency-doubled mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser. Compression of the atomic velocity distribution was achieved by the addition of a copropagating single-mode light beam. The contribution of each isotope to the observed compressed peaks of the velocity distribution is explained.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 50, 349 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Hoffnagle, Opt. Lett. 13, 102 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Liang and C. Fabre, Opt. Commun. 59, 31 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Deilamian, J. D. Gillaspy, and D. E. Kelleher, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 789 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Watanabe, R. Ohmukai, K. Hayasaka, H. Imajo, and S. Urabe, Opt. Lett. 19, 637 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Nellessen, J. H. Muller, K. Sengstock, and W. Ertmer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 2149 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (4)

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

J. Liang and C. Fabre, Opt. Commun. 59, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 50, 349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, R.

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Casdorff, R.

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dalibard, J.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deilamian, K.

Enders, V.

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ertmer, W.

Fabre, C.

J. Liang and C. Fabre, Opt. Commun. 59, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gabbanini, C.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gaubatz, U.

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gazzini, S.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gillaspy, J. D.

Hall, J.

W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, L.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hayasaka, K.

Hoffnagle, J.

Horn, A.

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Imajo, H.

Joffe, M. J.

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelleher, D. E.

Keller, H. M.

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kersebom, T.

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ketterle, W.

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, J.

J. Liang and C. Fabre, Opt. Commun. 59, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Littler, I. C. M.

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lucchesini, A.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A.

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metcalf, H.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moi, L.

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 50, 349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Muller, J. H.

Nellessen, J.

Neuhauser, W.

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohmukai, R.

Phillips, W.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prodan, J.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmand, J.

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sengstock, K.

So, I.

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strohmeier, P.

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Toschek, P. E.

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Urabe, S.

Watanabe, M.

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

R. Casdorff, V. Enders, R. Blatt, W. Neuhauser, and P. E. Toschek, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 48, 41 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. Gazzini, E. Mariotti, C. Gabbanini, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, and L. Moi, Appl. Phys. B 54, 428 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Liang and C. Fabre, Opt. Commun. 59, 31 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. Moi, Opt. Commun. 50, 349 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. Prodan, A. Migdall, W. Phillips, I. So, H. Metcalf, and J. Dalibard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 992 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ertmer, R. Blatt, J. Hall, and M. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 996 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, C. W. Oates, and L. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 46 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ketterle, A. Martin, M. J. Joffe, and D. E. Pritchard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2483 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Phys. D (2)

P. Strohmeier, A. Horn, T. Kersebom, and J. Schmand, Z. Phys. D 21, 215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. C. M. Littler, H. M. Keller, U. Gaubatz, and K. Bergmann, Z. Phys. D 18, 307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the spectrum stabilization of the mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser: GTI, Gires–Tournois interferometer; BRF, birefringent filter; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; BS, beam splitter; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PD1, PD2, photodiodes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral oscillograms of the mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser by a 10-s exposure: (a) free running, (b) locking. The horizontal scale is 120 MHz per division.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental setup. PM, photomultiplier.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescent spectra of the 6s2 1S0–6s6p 1P1 transition at 398.8 nm: (a) isotope shifts and hyperfine splittings of the isotopes, (b) the least isotope, 168Yb, with higher sensitivity. The origin of the scale is given at the absorption line of isotopes of 176Yb.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Velocity distributions of the Yb atomic beam: (a) unperturbed, (b) decelerated by the multimode light, (c) accelerated by the single-mode light, (d) compressed by the multimode and single-mode lights. The origin of the scale is given at the absorption line of isotopes of 176Yb.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Contribution of isotopes to the observed peaks of the velocity distribution compressed by the multimode and single-mode lights: (a) the case in Fig. 5(d), (b) another case with a different frequency of the single-mode laser.

Metrics