Abstract

Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge is proposed. The obtained plasma channel parameters are studied, and the methods by which they can be controlled are described. Initial results demonstrating guiding in one transverse dimension in such a plasma channel are presented.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arad, B.

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brill, B.

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, C.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrlich, Y.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Esarey, E.

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G.

G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Givon, M.

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joyce, G.

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kishenevsky, M.

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krall, J.

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lynch, J.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhodes, C. K.

G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sprangle, P.

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ting, A.

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wark, J.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yarkoni, E.

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zigler, A.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, and J. Wark, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3542 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

B. Brill, B. Arad, M. Kishenevsky, and A. Zigler, J. Phys. D 23, 1064 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Fluids B (1)

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasma (1)

J. Krall, E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, and G. Joyce, Phys. Plasma 1, 1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990); M. D. Perry, O. L. Landen, A. Shoke, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 37, 747 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, M. Kishenevsky, M. Givon, E. Yarkoni, and B. Arad, Phys. Rev. A 35, 4446 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Krall, A. Ting, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. E 48, 2157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2887 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measured density profile of plasma channel produced by the slotted capillary. The measurements are taken near the capillary exit and are averaged over the cross section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Capillary arrangements. (a) Slotted capillary, (b) axisymmetrical capillary.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup for the laser guiding experiments.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Image of laser pulse as recorded at the end of the plasma channel. (a) One-dimensional guided pulse (through the plasma); the guided dimension is 50 μm wide. (b) Unguided pulse recorded at the same plane without plasma.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser intensity, sampled over a coarse grid (the numerical grid is much finer), at = 0.75 cm (24 Zr) showing modulation of the laser pulse. The direction propagation is toward the right.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plasma electron density n/n0 at = 0.75 cm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Electric wake field Ez versus ζ at = 0.75 cm.

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