Abstract

An ultrafast laser system for the chemically important 3-μm spectral region has been constructed by means of noncritically phased-matched KTiOPO4 optical parametric gain elements. An optical parametric oscillator, synchronously pumped by a mode-locked Ti:sapphire oscillator, generates high-quality seed pulses for an optical parametric amplifier. The optical parametric amplifier, pumped by a high-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier, amplifies the seed pulses by a factor of 520. Pulses with an energy of 550 nJ and a pulse width of 160 fs are produced at a 250-kHz repetition rate in the 3-μm region.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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1995 (1)

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "The infrared free induction decay of liquid water molecules," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 1840–1842 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (7)

1993 (17)

J. A. Moon, "Characterization and modeling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. van Driel and G. Mak, "Femtosecond pulses from the ultraviolet to the infrared: optical parametric processes in a new light," Can. J. Phys. 71, 47–58 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, "Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transientgrating experiments on diamond," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1785–1791 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2160 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetitionrate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, G. C. Reali, V. Kubecek, S. Kumazaki, Y. Takagi, and K. Yoshihara, "β-Barium borate and lithium triborate picosecond parametric oscillators pumped by a frequency-tripled passive negative-feedback mode-locked Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2211–2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg and R. H. Jarman, "Type-II phasematched KNbO3 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1323–1325 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Banfi, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, P. Foggi, and R. Righini, "Femtosecond traveling-wave parametric generation with lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 1633–1635 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Grässer, D. Wang, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Singly resonant optical parametric oscillator of KTiOPO4 synchronously pumped by the radiation of a continuouswave mode-locked Nd:YLF laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2218–2221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (5)

1991 (2)

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, "New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092–2095 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kato, "Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

1989 (1)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1984 (1)

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, "Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

R. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Bronsan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Agostini, P.

Allakhverdiev, K. R.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D. W.

Antonetti, A.

Arns, J. A.

Banfi, G. P.

Baumgartner, R.

R. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Bierlein, J. D.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bronsan, S. J.

S. J. Bronsan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

Butterworth, S. D.

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Bronsan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

R. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

Chen, S.

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, L. K.

Cheung, E. C.

Colburn, W. S.

Crowder, D. C.

Crowell, R. A.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "The infrared free induction decay of liquid water molecules," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 1840–1842 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "Liquid water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

G. R. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. S. Xie, "Noncritically phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric oscillator near 3 microns," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 407–409.

Dahinten, T.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

Driel, H. M. van

H. M. van Driel and G. Mak, "Femtosecond pulses from the ultraviolet to the infrared: optical parametric processes in a new light," Can. J. Phys. 71, 47–58 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driel, Henry M. van

Gary Mak, Qiang Fu, and Henry M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phase matched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phase matched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, D. C.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–139 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

Fahlen, T. S.

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, "Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fayer, M. D.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, "Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transientgrating experiments on diamond," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1785–1791 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, A. I.

Foggi, P.

Francis, R. S.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

Fu, Qiang

Gary Mak, Qiang Fu, and Henry M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, "New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092–2095 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grässer, Ch.

Greenfield, S. R.

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, G. J.

Hanna, D. C.

Holtom, G. R.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "The infrared free induction decay of liquid water molecules," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 1840–1842 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. S. Xie, "Noncritically phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric oscillator near 3 microns," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 407–409.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "Liquid water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

Ibragimov, Z. A.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jarman, R. H.

Joosen, W.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, "Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

Kumazaki, S.

Kwok, A. S.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2160 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, "New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092–2095 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, J. M.

Mak, G.

H. M. van Driel and G. Mak, "Femtosecond pulses from the ultraviolet to the infrared: optical parametric processes in a new light," Can. J. Phys. 71, 47–58 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mak, Gary

Gary Mak, Qiang Fu, and Henry M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Marshall, C. D.

McCarthy, M. J.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, "Color center lasers," in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch and M. Bass, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), Vol. 4, pp. 143–228.

Moon, J. A.

J. A. Moon, "Characterization and modeling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Noack, F.

Norris, T. B.

Pelouch, W. S.

Petite, G.

Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

Plöderender, U.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

Ramakrishna, S.

Reali, G. C.

Reid, D. T.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phase matched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rhee, J.-K.

Righini, R.

Roberts, David A.

David A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

Sauter, B.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

Seifert, G.

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, "New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092–2095 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seilmeier, A.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2160 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phase matched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 581–625.

Sosnowski, T. S.

Stabinis, A.

Takagi, Y.

Tang, C. L.

Tokmakoff, A.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, "Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transientgrating experiments on diamond," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1785–1791 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trapani, P. Di

Vanherzeele, H.

Vanherzeele, Herman

Vodopyanov, K. L.

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–139 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, D.

Wolfrum, K.

Xie, X. S.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "The infrared free induction decay of liquid water molecules," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 1840–1842 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "Liquid water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

G. R. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. S. Xie, "Noncritically phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric oscillator near 3 microns," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 407–409.

Yao, J. Q.

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, "Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yoshihara, K.

Zimdars, D.

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zumsteg, F. C.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Gary Mak, Qiang Fu, and Henry M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

H. M. van Driel and G. Mak, "Femtosecond pulses from the ultraviolet to the infrared: optical parametric processes in a new light," Can. J. Phys. 71, 47–58 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (6)

R. Baumgartner and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric amplification," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 432–444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Bronsan and R. L. Byer, "Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

J. A. Moon, "Characterization and modeling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, "Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μm in KTP pumped at 1.064 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Dahinten, K. L. Vodopyanov, U. Plöderender, A. Seilmeier, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, "Infrared pulses of 1 picosecond duration tunable between 4 μm and 18 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2245–2250 (1993).
[CrossRef]

David A. Roberts, "Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2074 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, "Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Tokmakoff, D. Zimdars, B. Sauter, R. S. Francis, A. S. Kwok, and M. D. Fayer, "Vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and a glass: room temperature to 10 K," J. Chem. Phys. 101, 1741–1744 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (10)

E. C. Cheung and J. M. Liu, "Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990); E. C. Cheung and J. M. Liu, "Efficient generation of ultrashort, wavelength-tunable infrared pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1491–1506 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, "Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transientgrating experiments on diamond," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1785–1791 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2160 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetitionrate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, G. C. Reali, V. Kubecek, S. Kumazaki, Y. Takagi, and K. Yoshihara, "β-Barium borate and lithium triborate picosecond parametric oscillators pumped by a frequency-tripled passive negative-feedback mode-locked Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2211–2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222–2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Grässer, D. Wang, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Singly resonant optical parametric oscillator of KTiOPO4 synchronously pumped by the radiation of a continuouswave mode-locked Nd:YLF laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2218–2221 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "The infrared free induction decay of liquid water molecules," J. Phys. Chem. 99, 1840–1842 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phase matched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (13)

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–139 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Joosen, P. Agostini, G. Petite, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, "Broadband femtosecond infrared parametric amplification in β-BaB2O4," Opt. Lett. 17, 133–135 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, "Ti:sapphirepumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg and R. H. Jarman, "Type-II phasematched KNbO3 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1323–1325 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Banfi, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, P. Foggi, and R. Righini, "Femtosecond traveling-wave parametric generation with lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 1633–1635 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetitionrate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Seifert, V. Petrov, and F. Noack, "Sub-100-fs optical parametric generator pumped by a high-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system," Opt. Lett. 19, 837–839 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Highrepetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator using RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-K. Rhee, T. S. Sosnowski, T. B. Norris, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Chirped-pulse amplification of 85-fs pulses at 250 kHz with third-order dispersion compensation by use of holographic transmission gratings," Opt. Lett. 19, 1550–1552 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

D. Zimdars, A. Tokmakoff, S. Chen, S. R. Greenfield, and M. D. Fayer, "Picosecond infrared vibrational photon echoes in a liquid and glass using a free electron laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2718–2721 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Graener, G. Seifert, and A. Laubereau, "New spectroscopy of water using tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2092–2095 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

L. F. Mollenauer, "Color center lasers," in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch and M. Bass, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), Vol. 4, pp. 143–228.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 581–625.

G. R. Holtom, R. A. Crowell, and X. S. Xie, "Noncritically phase-matched femtosecond optical parametric oscillator near 3 microns," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 407–409.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, "Liquid water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(A) Tuning curve for type-II and type-III phase matching in KTP for 800-nm pumping. With respect to each curve, the region to the left of the degeneracy point (crossing point) corresponds to type-II phase-matching conditions, whereas the region to the right of the degeneracy point corresponds to type-III phase matching. The solid curve is an ordinary-type ray, and the dotted curve is an extraordinary-type ray. (B) deff as a function of θ. deff is at its maximum for noncritical phase matching (θ = 90°). (C) Beam walkoff of the extraordinary-type ray as a function of θ. Note that the walkoff goes to zero at the noncritical-phase-matching angle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning curve for a noncritically phase-matched (θ = 90°) KTP OPO and some of the chemically important infrared absorption band found in this region. The OPO–OPA system reported here is tunable in the 2.5–2.9-μm range, with pump wavelengths of 760–880 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Block diagram showing the overall OPO–OPA system design.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic diagram of the noncritically phase-matched KTP OPO.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(A) Spectrum of the OPO signal wave with a pump wavelength of 817 nm. The FWHM is 24.5 nm. (B) Autocorrelation of the signal wave out of the OPO. The FWHM is 67 fs, assuming a sech2 pulse shape. The pulses in the signal branch of the OPO are 1.2 times the transform limit.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Signal output power as a function of the reflectivity of the output coupler for the KTP OPO.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Schematic of the noncritically phase-matched KTP OPA. L, 15-cm achromatic lens; SM, enhanced silver-coated 25-cm spherical mirror.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(A) Spectrum of the OPA idler wave for a pump wavelength of 817 nm. The FWHM is 88 nm. The sharp features are due to absorption by water vapor. (B) Autocorrelation of the OPA idler wave. Assuming a sech2 pulse shape, the FWHM is 160 fs. The pulses are 1.8 times the transform limit.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dependence of idler-wave output power of the OPA on the OPO seed power. For seeding powers greater than ~100 mW the OPA begins to saturate. The pump pulse energy is 4 μJ.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of OPO Design Parameters for Angle-Tuned and for Noncritically Phase-Matched Operation in KTP, Calculated for 80-fs pump pulses

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