T. Braun and J. A. Lisbôa, "Characterization of homoclinic chaos in a glow discharge through return maps," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 4, 1483–1993 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Carvalho and L. Davidovich, "Dynamic Lamb-dip effects in gas lasers with inhomogeneously broadened saturable absorbers," Phys. Rev. A 45, 6748–6755 (1992), and references therein.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, and E. Arimondo, "Return maps for intensity and time in a homoclinic-chaos model applied to a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 44, 4639–4651 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Lefranc, D. Hennequin, and D. Dangoisse, "Homoclinic chaos in a laser containing a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 239–249 (1991).

[CrossRef]

B. Zambon, "Theoretical investigations of models for the laser with a saturable absorber: a case of homoclinic tangency to a periodic orbit," Phys. Rev. A 44, 688–702 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

A. Godone, M.P. Sassi, and E. Bava, "High-frequency capabilities of an OsO_{4} molecular beam frequency standard," Metrologia 26, 1–8 (1989), and references therein.

[CrossRef]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

D. E. Chyba, N. B. Abraham, and A. M. Albano, "Semiclassical analysis of a detuned ring laser with a saturable absorber: new results for the steady states," Phys. Rev. A 35, 2936–2950 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

T. Erneux and P. Mandel, "Bifurcation phenomena in a laser with saturable absorber. I and II," Z. Phys. B 44, 353–363, 365–374 (1981).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

C. Freed and R. G. O'Donnell, "Advances in CO_{2} laser stabilization using the 4.3 μm fluorescence technique," Metrologia 13, 151–156 (1977).

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

E. Bazarov, G. A. Rasimov, and Yu. I. Posudin, "Absorption of carbon dioxide laser lines in OsO_{4} vapor," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 106–107 (1974).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Abrams, "Broadening coefficients for the P(20) CO_{2} laser transition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 609–611 (1974).

[CrossRef]

R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, "Gas laser with saturable absorber. I. Single mode characteristics," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2695–2711 (1973); "Gas laser with saturable absorber. II. Single mode stability," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2712–2726 (1973).

[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. E. Chyba, N. B. Abraham, and A. M. Albano, "Semiclassical analysis of a detuned ring laser with a saturable absorber: new results for the steady states," Phys. Rev. A 35, 2936–2950 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. L. Abrams, "Broadening coefficients for the P(20) CO_{2} laser transition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 609–611 (1974).

[CrossRef]

D. E. Chyba, N. B. Abraham, and A. M. Albano, "Semiclassical analysis of a detuned ring laser with a saturable absorber: new results for the steady states," Phys. Rev. A 35, 2936–2950 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, and E. Arimondo, "Return maps for intensity and time in a homoclinic-chaos model applied to a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 44, 4639–4651 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Arimondo, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Menchi, "Precise measurements on optical bistability and passive Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," in Optical Bistability 2, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1984), pp. 317–323; E. Arimondo and E. Menchi, "Analysis of Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 37, 55–61 (1985).

[CrossRef]

A. Godone, M.P. Sassi, and E. Bava, "High-frequency capabilities of an OsO_{4} molecular beam frequency standard," Metrologia 26, 1–8 (1989), and references therein.

[CrossRef]

E. Bazarov, G. A. Rasimov, and Yu. I. Posudin, "Absorption of carbon dioxide laser lines in OsO_{4} vapor," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 106–107 (1974).

[CrossRef]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

T. Braun and J. A. Lisbôa, "Characterization of homoclinic chaos in a glow discharge through return maps," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 4, 1483–1993 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

C. R. Carvalho and L. Davidovich, "Dynamic Lamb-dip effects in gas lasers with inhomogeneously broadened saturable absorbers," Phys. Rev. A 45, 6748–6755 (1992), and references therein.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

D. E. Chyba, N. B. Abraham, and A. M. Albano, "Semiclassical analysis of a detuned ring laser with a saturable absorber: new results for the steady states," Phys. Rev. A 35, 2936–2950 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

M. Lefranc, D. Hennequin, and D. Dangoisse, "Homoclinic chaos in a laser containing a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 239–249 (1991).

[CrossRef]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Carvalho and L. Davidovich, "Dynamic Lamb-dip effects in gas lasers with inhomogeneously broadened saturable absorbers," Phys. Rev. A 45, 6748–6755 (1992), and references therein.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Arimondo, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Menchi, "Precise measurements on optical bistability and passive Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," in Optical Bistability 2, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1984), pp. 317–323; E. Arimondo and E. Menchi, "Analysis of Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 37, 55–61 (1985).

[CrossRef]

T. Erneux and P. Mandel, "Bifurcation phenomena in a laser with saturable absorber. I and II," Z. Phys. B 44, 353–363, 365–374 (1981).

[CrossRef]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, and E. Arimondo, "Return maps for intensity and time in a homoclinic-chaos model applied to a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 44, 4639–4651 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

C. Freed and R. G. O'Donnell, "Advances in CO_{2} laser stabilization using the 4.3 μm fluorescence technique," Metrologia 13, 151–156 (1977).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Godone, M.P. Sassi, and E. Bava, "High-frequency capabilities of an OsO_{4} molecular beam frequency standard," Metrologia 26, 1–8 (1989), and references therein.

[CrossRef]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Lefranc, D. Hennequin, and D. Dangoisse, "Homoclinic chaos in a laser containing a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 239–249 (1991).

[CrossRef]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

T. Braun and J. A. Lisbôa, "Characterization of homoclinic chaos in a glow discharge through return maps," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 4, 1483–1993 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. Erneux and P. Mandel, "Bifurcation phenomena in a laser with saturable absorber. I and II," Z. Phys. B 44, 353–363, 365–374 (1981).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Menchi, "Precise measurements on optical bistability and passive Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," in Optical Bistability 2, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1984), pp. 317–323; E. Arimondo and E. Menchi, "Analysis of Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 37, 55–61 (1985).

[CrossRef]

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

C. Freed and R. G. O'Donnell, "Advances in CO_{2} laser stabilization using the 4.3 μm fluorescence technique," Metrologia 13, 151–156 (1977).

[CrossRef]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, and E. Arimondo, "Return maps for intensity and time in a homoclinic-chaos model applied to a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 44, 4639–4651 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

E. Bazarov, G. A. Rasimov, and Yu. I. Posudin, "Absorption of carbon dioxide laser lines in OsO_{4} vapor," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 106–107 (1974).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

E. Bazarov, G. A. Rasimov, and Yu. I. Posudin, "Absorption of carbon dioxide laser lines in OsO_{4} vapor," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 106–107 (1974).

[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, "Gas laser with saturable absorber. I. Single mode characteristics," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2695–2711 (1973); "Gas laser with saturable absorber. II. Single mode stability," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2712–2726 (1973).

[CrossRef]

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

A. Godone, M.P. Sassi, and E. Bava, "High-frequency capabilities of an OsO_{4} molecular beam frequency standard," Metrologia 26, 1–8 (1989), and references therein.

[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, "Gas laser with saturable absorber. I. Single mode characteristics," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2695–2711 (1973); "Gas laser with saturable absorber. II. Single mode stability," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2712–2726 (1973).

[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

For a recent review see C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, "Dynamics of lasers," in Nonlinear Dynamics, H.-G. Schuster, ed. (VCH, New York, 1991).

For a recent review see C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, "Dynamics of lasers," in Nonlinear Dynamics, H.-G. Schuster, ed. (VCH, New York, 1991).

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

B. Zambon, "Theoretical investigations of models for the laser with a saturable absorber: a case of homoclinic tangency to a periodic orbit," Phys. Rev. A 44, 688–702 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, K. Tanii, M. Kajita, and T. Shimizu, "Undamped undulation superposed on the passive Q-switching pulse of a CO_{2} laser," Appl. Phys. B 39, 83–90 (1986).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Abrams, "Broadening coefficients for the P(20) CO_{2} laser transition," Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 609–611 (1974).

[CrossRef]

D. Dangoisse, A. Bekkali, F. Papoff, and P. Glorieux, "Shil'nikov dynamics in a passive Q-switching laser," Europhys. Lett. 6, 335–340 (1988).

[CrossRef]

F. T. Arecchi, A. Lapucci, R. Meucci, J. A. Roversi, and P. H. Coullet, "Experimental characterization of Shil'nikov chaos by statistics of return maps," Europhys. Lett. 6, 677–682 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Fioretti, F. Molesti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Topological analysis of laser with saturable absorber in experiments and models," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 3, 559–565 (1993).

[CrossRef]

T. Braun and J. A. Lisbôa, "Characterization of homoclinic chaos in a glow discharge through return maps," Int. J. Bifurc. Chaos 4, 1483–1993 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. S. McDowell, L. J. Radziemski, H. Flicker, H. W. Galbraith, R. C. Kennedy, N. G. Nereson, B. J. Krohn, J. P. Aldridge, and J. D. King, "High resolution spectroscopy of the OsO_{4} stretching fundamental at 961 cm^{−1}," J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1513–1521 (1978).

[CrossRef]

F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Instabilities and chaos in an infrared laser with saturable absorber: experiments and vibrorotational model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 45–57 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Lefranc, D. Hennequin, and D. Dangoisse, "Homoclinic chaos in a laser containing a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 239–249 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. Freed and R. G. O'Donnell, "Advances in CO_{2} laser stabilization using the 4.3 μm fluorescence technique," Metrologia 13, 151–156 (1977).

[CrossRef]

A. Godone, M.P. Sassi, and E. Bava, "High-frequency capabilities of an OsO_{4} molecular beam frequency standard," Metrologia 26, 1–8 (1989), and references therein.

[CrossRef]

A. Zeni, J. A. C. Gallas, A. Fioretti, F. Papoff, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Lyapunov exponents and return maps for a model of a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Lett. A 172, 247–255 (1993).

[CrossRef]

D. E. Chyba, N. B. Abraham, and A. M. Albano, "Semiclassical analysis of a detuned ring laser with a saturable absorber: new results for the steady states," Phys. Rev. A 35, 2936–2950 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Salomaa and S. Stenholm, "Gas laser with saturable absorber. I. Single mode characteristics," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2695–2711 (1973); "Gas laser with saturable absorber. II. Single mode stability," Phys. Rev. A 8, 2712–2726 (1973).

[CrossRef]

C. R. Carvalho and L. Davidovich, "Dynamic Lamb-dip effects in gas lasers with inhomogeneously broadened saturable absorbers," Phys. Rev. A 45, 6748–6755 (1992), and references therein.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zambon, "Theoretical investigations of models for the laser with a saturable absorber: a case of homoclinic tangency to a periodic orbit," Phys. Rev. A 44, 688–702 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, and E. Arimondo, "Return maps for intensity and time in a homoclinic-chaos model applied to a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 44, 4639–4651 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Zambon, F. de Tomasi, D. Hennequin, and E. Arimondo, "Investigations of models and experimental studies of stationary regime of a laser with a saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 40, 3782–3795 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Hennequin, F. de Tomasi, B. Zambon, and E. Arimondo, "Homoclinic orbits and cycles in the instabilities for a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 37, 2243–2246 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Y. Gao, H. Z. Zhang, X. Z. Guo, G. X. Jin, and N. B. Abraham, "Small signal response of a laser to cavity-length modulation: a diagnostic for dynamical models and parameter values," Phys. Rev. A 40, 6339–6348 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Tachikawa, F. Hong, K. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Deterministic chaos in passive Q-switching pulsation of a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2266–2268 (1988); M. Tachikawa, M. Tanii, and T. Shimizu, "Laser instability and chaotic pulsation in CO_{2} laser with intracavity saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1077–1082 (1988); F. L. Hong, M. Tachikawa, R. Oda, and T. Shimizu, "Chaotic passive Q-switching pulsation in a N_{2}O laser with a saturable absorber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1378–1382 (1989); T. Tohei, M. Tachikawa, andT. Shimizu, "Rate-equation analysis of deterministic chaos in a laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. A 45, 5166–5170 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Papoff, A. Fioretti, E. Arimondo, G. B. Mindlin, H. Solari, and R. Gilmore, "Structure of chaos in the laser with saturable absorber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1128–1131 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Bazarov, G. A. Rasimov, and Yu. I. Posudin, "Absorption of carbon dioxide laser lines in OsO_{4} vapor," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 4, 106–107 (1974).

[CrossRef]

O. N. Kompanets, A. R. Kukudzhanov, V. S. Letokhov, V. G. Minogin, and E. L. Mikhailov, "Nonlinear laser spectroscopy of vibrational–rotational transitions in monoisotopic OsO_{4} molecules and stabilization of CO_{2} laser frequency," Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 15–22 (1975).

Yu. V. Brzhazovskii, L. S. Vasilenko, S. G. Rautian, G. S. Popova, and V. P. Chabotayev, "Theoretical and experimental investigation of radiation pulsation from a CO_{2} laser with a nonlinear absorbing cell," Sov. Phys. JETP 34, 265–270 (1972).

T. Erneux and P. Mandel, "Bifurcation phenomena in a laser with saturable absorber. I and II," Z. Phys. B 44, 353–363, 365–374 (1981).

[CrossRef]

For a recent review see C. O. Weiss and R. Vilaseca, "Dynamics of lasers," in Nonlinear Dynamics, H.-G. Schuster, ed. (VCH, New York, 1991).

Ch. J. Bordé, J. Bordé, Ch. Bréant, Ch. Chardonnet, A. van Lerberghe, and C. Salomon, "Internal dynamics of simple molecules revealed by the superfine and hyperfine structures of their infrared spectra," in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985), pp. 108–114.

[CrossRef]

R. Herrero, F. Boixader, J. Farjas, F. Pi, G. Orriols, and J. I. Rosell, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

E. Arimondo, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Menchi, "Precise measurements on optical bistability and passive Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," in Optical Bistability 2, C. M. Bowden, H. M. Gibbs, and S. L. McCall, eds. (Plenum, New York, 1984), pp. 317–323; E. Arimondo and E. Menchi, "Analysis of Q-switch in a CO_{2} laser with saturable absorber," Appl. Phys. B 37, 55–61 (1985).

[CrossRef]