Abstract

The effect of optical breakdown on the reflection of focused beam stimulated Brillouin backscattering (SBS) cells is studied theoretically. The threshold for SBS is inversely proportional to the breakdown intensity and the square of the stationary Brillouin gain coefficient if the threshold for optical breakdown is low. Two values of the steady-state reflectance are possible if optical breakdown and SBS have approximately the same threshold.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  2. V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  6. N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].
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  24. M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
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  25. A. Kummrow and H. Meng, “Pressure dependence of stimulated Brillouin backscattering in gases,” Opt. Commun. 83, 342–348 (1991).
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    [Crossref]
  27. M. A. O’Key and M. R. Osborne, “Broadband stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 89, 269–275 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. A. Filippo and M. R. Perrone, “Reflectivity measurements of broad-band stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Opt. Commun. 91, 395–400 (1992).
    [Crossref]
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  31. R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Temporal and spatial reflectivity of focused beams in stimulated Brillouin scattering for phase conjugation,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139–7149 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Computation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) with focused pump beams,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 255–260 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  33. C. DeMichelis, “Laser induced gas breakdown: a bibliographical review,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 188–202 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  34. N. Bloembergen, “Role of cracks, pores, and absorbing inclusions on laser induced damage threshold at surfaces of transparent dielectrics,” Appl. Opt. 12, 661–664 (1973).
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  35. H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  36. N. Kroll and K. M. Watson, “Theoretical study of ionization of air by intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 5, 1883–1905 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  37. R. A. Mullen and J. N. Matossian, “Quenching optical breakdown with an applied electric field,” Opt. Lett. 15, 601–603 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  39. R. Chu, M. Kanetsky, and J. Falk, “Transient phase conjugation by stimulated Brillouin scattering: numerical analysis of zero-order solutions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 331–338 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  40. P. Suni and J. Falk, “Theory of phase conjugation by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1681–1691 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  41. A. Kummrow, “Interaction geometries of selfpumped phase-conjugating SBS cells,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 127–136 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  42. N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].
  43. S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].
  44. M. Denariez and G. Bret, “Investigation of Rayleigh wings and Brillouin-stimulated scattering in liquids,” Phys. Rev. 171, 160–171 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  45. D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, and K. D. Ridley, “Effect of signal frequency on four-wave mixing through stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (1990).
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  47. S. T. Amimoto, R. W. F. Gross, L. Garman-DuVall, T. W. Good, and J. D. Piranian, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering properties of SnCl4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1382–1384 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  49. D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  50. A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].
  51. D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, D. A. Rockwell, and J. O. White, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering gain variation and transient effects in a CH4:He binary mixture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2090–2096 (1990).
    [Crossref]

1994 (3)

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. Chu, M. Kanetsky, and J. Falk, “Transient phase conjugation by stimulated Brillouin scattering: numerical analysis of zero-order solutions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 331–338 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow, “Interaction geometries of selfpumped phase-conjugating SBS cells,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 127–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (3)

L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow, “Hermite–Gaussian theory of focused beam SBS cells,” Opt. Commun. 96, 185–194 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Computation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) with focused pump beams,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 255–260 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (8)

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Temporal and spatial reflectivity of focused beams in stimulated Brillouin scattering for phase conjugation,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139–7149 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

M. R. Osborne and M. A. O’Key, “Temporal response of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 94, 346–352 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. B. Dane, W. A. Neuman, and L. A. Hackel, “Pulse-shape dependence of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering phase-conjugation fidelity for high pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1271–1273 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. A. O’Key and M. R. Osborne, “Broadband stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 89, 269–275 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. A. Filippo and M. R. Perrone, “Reflectivity measurements of broad-band stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Opt. Commun. 91, 395–400 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (4)

1990 (4)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

1987 (3)

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

P. Suni and J. Falk, “Measurements of stimulated Bril-louin scattering phase-conjugation fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 838–840 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (3)

A. I. Erokin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 13, 1328–1335 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986)].

G. C. Valley, “A review of stimulated Brillouin scattering excited with a broad-band pump laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 704–712 (1986).
[Crossref]

P. Suni and J. Falk, “Theory of phase conjugation by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1681–1691 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (4)

Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
[Crossref]

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase-conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

1982 (2)

V. E. Yashin, V. I. Kryzhanovskii, and V. A. Serebryakov, “Reversal of the wavefront of nanosecond and subnanosecond light pulses in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1695–1697 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1086–1088 (1982)].

N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].

1981 (1)

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

1979 (1)

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

1978 (3)

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

V. Wang and C. R. Giuliano, “Correction of phase aberrations via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 2, 4–6 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Smith, “Laser-induced breakdown in optical materials,” Opt. Eng. 17, 489–503 (1978).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

1972 (2)

N. Kroll and K. M. Watson, “Theoretical study of ionization of air by intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 5, 1883–1905 (1972).
[Crossref]

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

1969 (2)

C. DeMichelis, “Laser induced gas breakdown: a bibliographical review,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 188–202 (1969).
[Crossref]

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

M. Denariez and G. Bret, “Investigation of Rayleigh wings and Brillouin-stimulated scattering in liquids,” Phys. Rev. 171, 160–171 (1968).
[Crossref]

Alcock, A. J.

Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
[Crossref]

Alekseev, V. N.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Amimoto, S. T.

Andreev, N. F.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Blashchuk, V. N.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

Bloembergen, N.

Bourne, O. L.

Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
[Crossref]

Bret, G.

M. Denariez and G. Bret, “Investigation of Rayleigh wings and Brillouin-stimulated scattering in liquids,” Phys. Rev. 171, 160–171 (1968).
[Crossref]

Carr, I. D.

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase-conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[Crossref]

Chu, R.

Clayton, C. M.

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Dane, C. B.

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. B. Dane, W. A. Neuman, and L. A. Hackel, “Pulse-shape dependence of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering phase-conjugation fidelity for high pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1271–1273 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DeMichelis, C.

C. DeMichelis, “Laser induced gas breakdown: a bibliographical review,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 188–202 (1969).
[Crossref]

Denariez, M.

M. Denariez and G. Bret, “Investigation of Rayleigh wings and Brillouin-stimulated scattering in liquids,” Phys. Rev. 171, 160–171 (1968).
[Crossref]

Dmitriev, D. I.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Dudov, A. M.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Dvoretskii, M. A.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Efimkov, V. F.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Eichler, H. J.

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Computation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) with focused pump beams,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 255–260 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Temporal and spatial reflectivity of focused beams in stimulated Brillouin scattering for phase conjugation,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139–7149 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. Meng and H. J. Eichler, “Nd:YAG laser with a phase-conjugating mirror based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in SF6gas,” Opt. Lett. 16, 569–571 (1991);H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, and D. Schumann, “10-W single-rod Nd:YAG laser with stimulated Brillouin scattering Q-switching mirror,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5038–5043 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, and R. Menzel, “Compensation of thermally induced optical changes of a 80 W Nd:YAG-amplifier by SBS-phase conjugation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 525–528.

Erokin, A. I.

A. I. Erokin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 13, 1328–1335 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986)].

Faizullov, F. S.

A. I. Erokin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 13, 1328–1335 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986)].

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

Falk, J.

Filippo, A. A.

A. A. Filippo and M. R. Perrone, “Reflectivity measurements of broad-band stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Opt. Commun. 91, 395–400 (1992).
[Crossref]

Garman-DuVall, L.

Giuliano, C. R.

Glazkov, D. A.

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

Golubev, V. V.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Good, T. W.

Gordeev, A. A.

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

Gratsianov, K. V.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Gross, R. W. F.

Haase, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, and R. Menzel, “Compensation of thermally induced optical changes of a 80 W Nd:YAG-amplifier by SBS-phase conjugation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 525–528.

Hackel, L. A.

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. B. Dane, W. A. Neuman, and L. A. Hackel, “Pulse-shape dependence of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering phase-conjugation fidelity for high pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1271–1273 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanna, D. C.

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase-conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[Crossref]

Hermann, M. R.

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

Huo, Y. S.

Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
[Crossref]

Hutchingson, M. H. R.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].

Jones, D. C.

Kaiser, W.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[Crossref]

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arrechi and E. O. Schulz DuBois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2, pp. 1077–1150.

Kanetsky, M.

Kolesnikov, A. N.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

König, R.

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kormer, S. B.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Kotov, A. V.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Kovalev, V. I.

A. I. Erokin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 13, 1328–1335 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986)].

Krasheninnikov, V. N.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

Kroll, N.

N. Kroll and K. M. Watson, “Theoretical study of ionization of air by intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 5, 1883–1905 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kruzhilin, Yu. I.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Kryzhanovskii, V. I.

V. E. Yashin, V. I. Kryzhanovskii, and V. A. Serebryakov, “Reversal of the wavefront of nanosecond and subnanosecond light pulses in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1695–1697 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1086–1088 (1982)].

Kulikov, S. M.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Kummrow, A.

A. Kummrow, “Interaction geometries of selfpumped phase-conjugating SBS cells,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 127–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow, “Hermite–Gaussian theory of focused beam SBS cells,” Opt. Commun. 96, 185–194 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, “Pressure dependence of stimulated Brillouin backscattering in gases,” Opt. Commun. 83, 342–348 (1991).
[Crossref]

LeFebvre, M. J.

Leshchev, A. A.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Lyubimov, V. V.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Lyubomov, V. V.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Maier, M.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[Crossref]

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arrechi and E. O. Schulz DuBois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2, pp. 1077–1150.

Mak, A. A.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Malyutin, A. A.

N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].

Mangir, M. S.

Manishin, V. G.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Markosov, S. A.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Matossian, J. N.

Mel’nikov, N. A.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

Meng, H.

Menzel, R.

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Computation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) with focused pump beams,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 255–260 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Temporal and spatial reflectivity of focused beams in stimulated Brillouin scattering for phase conjugation,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139–7149 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, and R. Menzel, “Compensation of thermally induced optical changes of a 80 W Nd:YAG-amplifier by SBS-phase conjugation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 525–528.

Mikhailov, S. I.

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Miller, J. L.

L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mironov, A. B.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Mullen, R. A.

R. A. Mullen, “Multiple-short-pulse stimulated Brillouin scattering for trains of 200 ps pulses at 1.06 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1299–1303 (1990).
[Crossref]

R. A. Mullen and J. N. Matossian, “Quenching optical breakdown with an applied electric field,” Opt. Lett. 15, 601–603 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munch, J.

Neuman, W. A.

Nikolaev, V. D.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

O’Key, M. A.

M. R. Osborne and M. A. O’Key, “Temporal response of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 94, 346–352 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. A. O’Key and M. R. Osborne, “Broadband stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 89, 269–275 (1992).
[Crossref]

Osborne, M. R.

M. A. O’Key and M. R. Osborne, “Broadband stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 89, 269–275 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. R. Osborne and M. A. O’Key, “Temporal response of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 94, 346–352 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ottusch, J. J.

Pankov, V. G.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Papernyi, S. B.

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

Pashinin, P. P.

N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].

Pasmanik, G. A.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Pätzold, H.-J.

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

Perrone, M. R.

A. A. Filippo and M. R. Perrone, “Reflectivity measurements of broad-band stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Opt. Commun. 91, 395–400 (1992).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V. F.

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

Pilipetskii, N. F.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

Piranian, J. D.

Popovichev, V. I.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

Portnyagin, V. V.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Ragul’skii, V. V.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

Reshetnikov, V. I.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Ridley, K. D.

Rockwell, D. A.

Samarina, T. P.

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

Sander, R.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Schelonka, L. P.

Schroeder, W. A.

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

Schwarz, J.

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

Scott, A. M.

Serebryakov, V. A.

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

V. E. Yashin, V. I. Kryzhanovskii, and V. A. Serebryakov, “Reversal of the wavefront of nanosecond and subnanosecond light pulses in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1695–1697 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1086–1088 (1982)].

Shklyarik, S. V.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Shkunov, V. V.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

Sirazetdinov, V. S.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Smandek, B.

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

Smirnov, M. G.

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, “Laser-induced breakdown in optical materials,” Opt. Eng. 17, 489–503 (1978).
[Crossref]

Starikov, A. D.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Startsev, V. R.

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

Stepanov, A. I.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Sukharev, S. A.

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Suni, P.

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, “A review of stimulated Brillouin scattering excited with a broad-band pump laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 704–712 (1986).
[Crossref]

Volynkin, V. M.

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[Crossref]

Wang, V.

Watkins, D. E.

Watson, K. M.

N. Kroll and K. M. Watson, “Theoretical study of ionization of air by intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 5, 1883–1905 (1972).
[Crossref]

White, J. O.

Wuerker, R. F.

Yashin, V. E.

V. E. Yashin, V. I. Kryzhanovskii, and V. A. Serebryakov, “Reversal of the wavefront of nanosecond and subnanosecond light pulses in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1695–1697 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1086–1088 (1982)].

Zapata, L. E.

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

Zhilin, A. N.

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

Zubarev, I. G.

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

I. D. Carr and D. C. Hanna, “Performance of a Nd:YAG oscillator/amplifier with phase-conjugation via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Phys. B 36, 83–92 (1985).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Huo, A. J. Alcock, and O. L. Bourne, “A time-resolved study of sub-nanosecond pulse generation by the combined effect of stimulated Brillouin scattering and laser induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. B 38, 125–129 (1985).
[Crossref]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

V. N. Blashchuk, B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. N. Krasheninnikov, N. A. Mel’nikov, N. F. Pilipetskii, V. V. Ragul’skii, and V. V. Shkunov, “Stimulated scattering of depolarized radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 241, 1322–1325 (1978) [Sov. Phys. Dokl. 23, 588–590 (1978)].

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

G. C. Valley, “A review of stimulated Brillouin scattering excited with a broad-band pump laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 704–712 (1986).
[Crossref]

R. A. Mullen, “Multiple-short-pulse stimulated Brillouin scattering for trains of 200 ps pulses at 1.06 mm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1299–1303 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124–1140 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. J. Damzen, M. H. R. Hutchingson, and W. A. Schroeder, “Direct measurement of acoustic decay times of hypersonic waves generated by SBS,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 328–334 (1987).
[Crossref]

C. DeMichelis, “Laser induced gas breakdown: a bibliographical review,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 188–202 (1969).
[Crossref]

J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. (4)

A. Kummrow, “Interaction geometries of selfpumped phase-conjugating SBS cells,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 127–136 (1994).
[Crossref]

L. A. Hackel, J. L. Miller, and C. B. Dane, “Phase conjugation in a high power regenerative amplifier system,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 171–185 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Computation of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) with focused pump beams,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 2, 255–260 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. A. Hackel, C. B. Dane, L. E. Zapata, and M. R. Hermann, “Phase conjugated lasers applied to x-ray generation,” J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. 3, 137–167 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D (1)

H. J. Eichler, R. König, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pätzold, and J. Schwarz, “SBS reflection of broad band XeCl excimer laser radiation: comparison of suitable liquids,” J. Phys. D 25, 1161–1168 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (9)

A. I. Erokin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegenerate four-wave interaction,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 13, 1328–1335 (1986) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986)].

D. A. Glazkov, A. A. Gordeev, I. G. Zubarev, and S. I. Mikhailov, “Characteristics of stimulated Brillouin scattering of single-mode focused broadband radiation,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 19, 286–289 (1992) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 262–265 (1992)].

V. N. Alekseev, V. V. Golubev, D. I. Dmitriev, A. N. Zhilin, V. V. Lyubomov, A. A. Mak, V. I. Reshetnikov, V. S. Sirazetdinov, and A. D. Starikov, “Investigation of wavefront reversal in a phosphate glass laser amplifier with a 12-cm output aperture,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 14, 722–727 (1987) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 455–458 (1987)].

N. G. Basov, V. F. Efimkov, I. G. Zubarev, A. V. Kotov, A. B. Mironov, S. I. Mikhailov, and M. G. Smirnov, “Influence of certain radiation parameters on wavefront reversal of a pump wave in a Brillouin mirror,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 6, 765–771 (1979) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 455–458 (1979)].

V. E. Yashin, V. I. Kryzhanovskii, and V. A. Serebryakov, “Reversal of the wavefront of nanosecond and subnanosecond light pulses in stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1695–1697 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1086–1088 (1982)].

N. N. Il’ichev, A. A. Malyutin, and P. P. Pashinin, “Laser with diffraction-limited divergence and Q switching by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 9, 1803–1808 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1161–1164 (1982)].

N. F. Andreev, M. A. Dvoretskii, A. A. Leshchev, V. G. Manishin, G. A. Pasmanik, and T. P. Samarina, “Universal dependence of the reflection coefficient of a stimulated-Brillouin-scattering mirror on the excess above threshold,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 1402–1406 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928–930 (1985)].

S. B. Papernyi, V. F. Petrov, V. A. Serebryakov, and V. R. Startsev, “Competition between stimulated Brillouin scattering and optical breakdown in argon,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 502–509 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 293–297 (1983)].

V. M. Volynkin, K. V. Gratsianov, A. N. Kolesnikov, Yu. I. Kruzhilin, V. V. Lyubimov, S. A. Markosov, V. G. Pankov, A. I. Stepanov, and S. V. Shklyarik, “Reflection by stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors based on tetrachlorides of group IV elements,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 12, 2481–2482 (1985) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1641–1642 (1985)].

Opt. Commun. (6)

M. R. Osborne and M. A. O’Key, “Temporal response of stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 94, 346–352 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow and H. Meng, “Pressure dependence of stimulated Brillouin backscattering in gases,” Opt. Commun. 83, 342–348 (1991).
[Crossref]

H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, R. Sander, and B. Smandek, “Reflection enhancement of stimulated Brillouin scattering liquids by purification,” Opt. Commun. 89, 260–262 (1992).
[Crossref]

M. A. O’Key and M. R. Osborne, “Broadband stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Commun. 89, 269–275 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. A. Filippo and M. R. Perrone, “Reflectivity measurements of broad-band stimulated Brillouin scattering mirrors,” Opt. Commun. 91, 395–400 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Kummrow, “Hermite–Gaussian theory of focused beam SBS cells,” Opt. Commun. 96, 185–194 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

W. L. Smith, “Laser-induced breakdown in optical materials,” Opt. Eng. 17, 489–503 (1978).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (9)

C. B. Dane, W. A. Neuman, and L. A. Hackel, “Pulse-shape dependence of stimulated-Brillouin-scattering phase-conjugation fidelity for high pump energies,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1271–1273 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Schelonka and C. M. Clayton, “Effect of focal intensity on stimulated-Brillouin-scattering reflectivity and fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 13, 42–44 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Meng and H. J. Eichler, “Nd:YAG laser with a phase-conjugating mirror based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in SF6gas,” Opt. Lett. 16, 569–571 (1991);H. J. Eichler, R. Menzel, and D. Schumann, “10-W single-rod Nd:YAG laser with stimulated Brillouin scattering Q-switching mirror,” Appl. Opt. 31, 5038–5043 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Ottusch and D. A. Rockwell, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation fidelity fluctuations,” Opt. Lett. 16, 369–371 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Wang and C. R. Giuliano, “Correction of phase aberrations via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 2, 4–6 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Suni and J. Falk, “Measurements of stimulated Bril-louin scattering phase-conjugation fidelity,” Opt. Lett. 12, 838–840 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Amimoto, R. W. F. Gross, L. Garman-DuVall, T. W. Good, and J. D. Piranian, “Stimulated-Brillouin-scattering properties of SnCl4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1382–1384 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. E. Watkins, A. M. Scott, and K. D. Ridley, “Effect of signal frequency on four-wave mixing through stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1267–1269 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Mullen and J. N. Matossian, “Quenching optical breakdown with an applied electric field,” Opt. Lett. 15, 601–603 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (2)

M. Denariez and G. Bret, “Investigation of Rayleigh wings and Brillouin-stimulated scattering in liquids,” Phys. Rev. 171, 160–171 (1968).
[Crossref]

D. von der Linde, M. Maier, and W. Kaiser, “Quantitative investigations of the stimulated Raman effect using subnanosecond light pulses,” Phys. Rev. 178, 11–17 (1969).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

N. Kroll and K. M. Watson, “Theoretical study of ionization of air by intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 5, 1883–1905 (1972).
[Crossref]

R. Menzel and H. J. Eichler, “Temporal and spatial reflectivity of focused beams in stimulated Brillouin scattering for phase conjugation,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139–7149 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. (1)

A. M. Dudov, S. B. Kormer, S. M. Kulikov, V. D. Nikolaev, V. V. Portnyagin, and S. A. Sukharev, “Competition between nonlinear processes in gaseous SF6as a result of pumping by 2-nsec pulses,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Theor. Fiz. 33, 363–368 (1981) [JETP 33, 347–351 (1981)].

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich, V. I. Popovichev, V. V. Ragul’skii, and F. S. Faizullov, “Connection between the wave fronts of reflected and excited light in stimulated Mandel’shtam–Brillouin scattering,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma Red. 15, 160–164 (1972) [JETP Lett. 15, 109–113 (1972)].

Other (2)

H. J. Eichler, A. Haase, and R. Menzel, “Compensation of thermally induced optical changes of a 80 W Nd:YAG-amplifier by SBS-phase conjugation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 525–528.

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arrechi and E. O. Schulz DuBois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), Vol. 2, pp. 1077–1150.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated reflectance of a SBS cell as a function of pump power for different breakdown powers. The larger of two possible ζ0 is used. The breakdown threshold is 84 kW for PB = 75 kW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated reflectance of a SBS cell as a function of pump power for different breakdown powers. The lower of two possible ζ0 is chosen. The breakdown thresholds are 75, 105, and 159 kW for PB = 75, 100, and 150 kW, respectively.

Equations (17)

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E p z + i 2 k Δ E p = G | E s | 2 E p / 2 ,
E s z i 2 k Δ E s = G | E p | 2 E s / 2 ,
G = g n ( 0 / μ 0 ) 1 / 2 / 2 ,
E p = A ( z ) w 0 w ( z ) exp { x 2 + y 2 [ w ( z ) ] 2 i φ ( x , y , z ) } ,
w ( z ) = w 0 ( 1 + z 2 l 0 2 ) , l 0 = π w 0 2 / λ ,
ζ = arctan ( z / l 0 )
d P p / d ζ = g P p P s / 2 λ ,
d P s / d ζ = g P p P s / 2 λ ,
P s ( ζ 0 ) / P p ( ζ 0 ) = r 0
P p ( ζ ) = P 0 ( 1 r ) { 1 r exp [ g P 0 ( 1 r ) ( ζ + π / 2 ) / ( 2 λ ) ] } 1 ,
P s ( ζ ) = P p ( ζ ) r exp [ g P 0 ( 1 r ) ( ζ + π / 2 ) / ( 2 λ ) ] ,
r = r 0 exp [ g P 0 ( 1 r ) ( ζ 0 + π / 2 ) / ( 2 λ ) ] .
π w 2 ( z ) = π w 0 2 / cos 2 ( ζ ) .
P B I B π w 0 2 P p ( ζ ) cos 2 ( ζ ) ,
cos 2 ( ζ 0 ) ( ζ 0 + π / 2 ) 2 , [ P p ( ζ 0 ) + P s ( ζ 0 ) ] P 0 = P th
ζ 0 = π / 2 + ( P B / P th ) 1 / 2 .
P th = [ 2 λ ln ( r th / r 0 ) ] 2 / ( P B g 2 ) .

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