Abstract

A two-photon wave packet (a biphoton) produced by type-II parametric downconversion is studied in a simple beam-splitting experiment for its natural shape in space–time. The measured triangular shape of a two-photon correlation function is the signature of a rectangular-shaped biphoton. Inserting a birefringent sample into the beam causes a displacement of the vertex of the notch pattern, which can be used to measure the optical delay between the ordinary and the extraordinary rays in the sample with femtosecond resolution.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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