The critical angle technique is modified for the accurate measurement of the refractive index of bio-optical materials. Based on the analysis of reflection from the boundary of the material as a function of incident angle and polarization direction, the critical illumination angle is obtained by numerical differentiation of the reflection curve. As an example, the dispersion curve of bacteriorhodopsin is given. The measurement error and the effect of the host bovine skin gelatin on the results are analyzed.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
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