Abstract

KTA is a crystallographic isomorph of KTP that shows promise for nonlinear frequency generation throughout the 1–5-μm region. We present updated Sellmeier coefficients for KTA based on measurements of the refractive index in the 0.4–3.6-μm region. Predictions of phase-matching behavior by means of these coefficients agree well with experimental data.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 461–463.
  2. F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Komine, Electronics Systems Division, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, Calif. 90251 (personal communication, 1994).
  7. L. T. Cheng, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. W. Coblentz, “Transmission and refraction data on standard lens and prism material with special reference to infrared spectroradiometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 4, 432–446 (1920).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK1.
  10. J. M. Fukumoto, H. Komine, and E. A. Stappaerts, “High repetition rate angle-tuned KTiOAsO4optical parametric oscillator,” presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WL4.
  11. K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
    [Crossref]

1994 (1)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

1920 (1)

Bierlein, J. D.

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[Crossref]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

L. T. Cheng, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[Crossref]

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK1.

Bosenberg, W. L.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK1.

Cheng, L. K.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK1.

L. T. Cheng, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. T.

L. T. Cheng, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[Crossref]

Coblentz, W. W.

Fukumoto, J. M.

J. M. Fukumoto, H. Komine, and E. A. Stappaerts, “High repetition rate angle-tuned KTiOAsO4optical parametric oscillator,” presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WL4.

Gier, T. E.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C. C.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
[Crossref]

Komine, H.

H. Komine, Electronics Systems Division, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, Calif. 90251 (personal communication, 1994).

J. M. Fukumoto, H. Komine, and E. A. Stappaerts, “High repetition rate angle-tuned KTiOAsO4optical parametric oscillator,” presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WL4.

Morgan, R. A.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

Moulton, P. F.

G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 461–463.

Peyghambarian, N.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ried, J. J. E.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

Rines, D. M.

G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 461–463.

Rines, G. A.

G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 461–463.

Stappaerts, E. A.

J. M. Fukumoto, H. Komine, and E. A. Stappaerts, “High repetition rate angle-tuned KTiOAsO4optical parametric oscillator,” presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WL4.

Stolzenberger, R. A.

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

Vanherzeele, H.

Zumsteg, F. C.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
[Crossref]

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in KTiOAsO4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 881–883 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. A. Stolzenberger, C. C. Hsu, N. Peyghambarian, J. J. E. Ried, and R. A. Morgan, “Type II sum frequency generation in flux and hydrothermally grown KTP at 1.319 and 1.338 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 446–448 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. E. Gier, “Kx Rbx–1TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (5)

G. A. Rines, D. M. Rines, and P. F. Moulton, “Efficient, high-energy, KTP optical parametric oscillators pumped with 1 micron Nd-lasers,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 461–463.

W. L. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK1.

J. M. Fukumoto, H. Komine, and E. A. Stappaerts, “High repetition rate angle-tuned KTiOAsO4optical parametric oscillator,” presented at OSA Annual Meeting, Dallas, Tex., October 2–7, 1994 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper WL4.

H. Komine, Electronics Systems Division, Northrop Corporation, Hawthorne, Calif. 90251 (personal communication, 1994).

L. T. Cheng, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive-index measurements. Curves, calculations based on Sellmeier equations. Triangles, nx; inverted triangles, ny; points, nz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Residual errors of least-squares fits to measured indices. Inverted triangles, Sellmeier fit from Cheng et al.7; squares, Sellmeier fit from the present research.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

1.064-μm-pumped optical parameteric oscillator tuning curves with propagation in the xz plane. Circles, measured data. Dotted–dashed curves, predictions with the Sellmeier equations of Cheng et al.7; solid curves, predictions with our Sellmeier equations.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Phase matching of undoped KTA with propagation in the yz plane. Triangles, Sellmeier equations of Cheng et al.7; diamonds, Sellmeier equations from the present research; squares, experimental measurements of Fukumoto et al.10

Equations (2)

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n = sin ( ψ min + Φ 2 ) sin ( Φ 2 ) ,
n x ( λ ) = [ 1.90713 + 1.23522 1 ( 0.19692 λ ) 2 0.01025 λ 2 ] 1 / 2 , n y ( λ ) = [ 2.15912 + 1.00099 1 ( 0.21844 λ ) 2 0.01096 λ 2 ] 1 / 2 , n z ( λ ) = [ 2.14786 + 1.29559 1 ( 0.22719 λ ) 2 0.01436 λ 2 ] 1 / 2 .

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