Abstract

The retracing behavior of the phase matching in optical parametric processes with angle-tuned LiB3O5 crystals has been investigated. The simultaneous generation of two pairs of parametric beams and a novel multiwavelength interaction phenomenon have been observed and analyzed. The design and performance of a picosecond multiwavelength optical parametric amplifier with three angle-tuned lithium triborate crystals is described. As much as 2.34 mJ/pulse of output, corresponding to a conversion efficiency of 26%, has been obtained.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.
  8. J. T. Lin and J. L. Montgomery, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (1.8–2.4μm) laser from optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 75, 315 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Kato and M. Masutani, “Widely tunable 90° phase-matched KTP parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 178 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. J. Boller and T. Schroder, “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1778 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. J. MacCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2180 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, “Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2201 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  30. X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  31. H. P. Weber and R. Dandliker, “Method for measurement of the shape asymmetry of picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Lett. 28A, 77 (1968).
  32. B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  33. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  34. E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Ultrashort Pulsed Light (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  36. J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (13)

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller and T. Schroder, “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1778 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. MacCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2180 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, “Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (5)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kato and M. Masutani, “Widely tunable 90° phase-matched KTP parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 178 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lin and J. L. Montgomery, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (1.8–2.4μm) laser from optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 75, 315 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (4)

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

H. P. Weber and R. Dandliker, “Method for measurement of the shape asymmetry of picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Lett. 28A, 77 (1968).

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

Boller, K. J.

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

Chen, T.

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chung, J.

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, “Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dandliker, R.

H. P. Weber and R. Dandliker, “Method for measurement of the shape asymmetry of picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Lett. 28A, 77 (1968).

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D. Q.

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

Dunn, M. H.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, R. J.

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fayer, M. D.

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fix, A.

Gensic, J. E.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, A.

A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Greiter, L.

A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Guo, D. S.

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

M. J. MacCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2180 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haub, J. G.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A. J.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Ultrashort Pulsed Light (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

Johnson, M. J.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

Lauberau, A.

A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Leviustein, H. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Lin, J. T.

J. T. Lin and J. L. Montgomery, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (1.8–2.4μm) laser from optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 75, 315 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

Lin, S. J.

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ling, J. W.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

MacCarthy, M. J.

M. J. MacCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2180 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Masutani, M.

Miller, R. C.

A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, J. L.

J. T. Lin and J. L. Montgomery, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (1.8–2.4μm) laser from optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 75, 315 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pelouch, W. S.

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, A.

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, J. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Schroder, T.

Shank, C. V.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Ultrashort Pulsed Light (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, “Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tokmakoff, A.

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. P.

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

Weber, H. P.

H. P. Weber and R. Dandliker, “Method for measurement of the shape asymmetry of picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Lett. 28A, 77 (1968).

Withers, D. E.

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. C.

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

Wu, Y.

Xie, F.

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xie, F. L.

B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

You, G.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. X.

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhen, W. H.

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, “High-power, widely tunable, picosecond coherent source from optical parametric amplification in barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1963 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, J. Zhang, T. Chen, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Picosecond, narrow-band, widely tunable optical parametric oscillator using a temperature-tuned lithium borate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1457 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, J. E. Gensic, H. J. Leviustein, J. J. Rubin, and S. Singh, “Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba:NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 310 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Wang, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, B. C. Wu, D. Q. Deng, W. H. Zhen, and X. Liu, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Lauberau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritical phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, B. C. Wu, F. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805 (1991).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Z. Y. Xu, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Picosecond multi-wavelength optical parametric generation in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Li, X. L. Zhang, X. Liu, D. X. Zhang, and D. Q. Deng, “Measurement of ultrashort pulsewidth by using non-collinear sum-frequency generation,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 9, 640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

X. Liu, D. Q. Deng, M. Li, D. S. Guo, and Z. Y. Xu, “Retracing behavior of the phase-matching angle of nonlinear crystals in optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2989 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (13)

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable, β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1744 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2162 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritical phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1765 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller and T. Schroder, “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1778 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tokmakoff, C. D. Marshall, and M. D. Fayer, “Optical parametric amplification of 1-kHz high-energy picosecond midinfrared pulses and application to infrared transient-grating experiments on diamond,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1785 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2168 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. MacCarthy and D. C. Hanna, “All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2180 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, “Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2201 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Withers, G. Robertson, A. J. Henderson, Y. Tang, Y. Cui, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Comparison of lithium triborate and β-barium borate as nonlinear media for optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1737 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric generation and amplification in barium borate and lithium triborate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

B. C. Wu, F. L. Xie, and C. T. Chen, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lin and J. L. Montgomery, “Generation of tunable mid-IR (1.8–2.4μm) laser from optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 75, 315 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. (1)

H. P. Weber and R. Dandliker, “Method for measurement of the shape asymmetry of picosecond light pulses,” Phys. Lett. 28A, 77 (1968).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Z. Y. Xu, D. Q. Deng, Y. P. Wang, B. C. Wu, and C. T. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWC6.

E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Ultrashort Pulsed Light (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the multiwavelength OPA with three angle-tuned LBO crystals pumped at 532 nm with a pulse width of 25 ps operating at 10 Hz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning range of (a) the angle-tuned ps OPA with three type-I critically phase-matched LBO crystals (θ = 90°, ϕ = 11.5°) and (b) the temperature-tuned OPA with type-I noncritically phase-matched (NCPM) LBO (θ = 90°, ϕ = 0°). The curves represent the calculated tuning range, and the measured output of these devices is indicated by the filled circles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral radiant power of the two pairs of parametric beams simultaneously produced by the ps LBO OPA versus the phase-matching angle.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental measurements (triangles) and the calculated curves of the generated photon number per spectral interval as a function of the output wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Two kinds of mixed-frequency wave (triangles and squares) caused by the multiwavelength interaction together with the angle-tuned ps LBO OPA process.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

FWHM linewidth of the parametric beam produced from the ps OPA with (triangles) and without (circles) the wavelength-selection element.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Total parametric output versus pump delay time. (b) Gaussian pump profile as deduced from (a).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Amplification and total energy output versus parametric seeding energy.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Relative output intensity of the parametric beam in the whole tuning range of the ps OPA.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Multiwavelength output energy and conversion efficiency versus pump energy for the ps OPA system with the angle-tuned LBO crystals at θ = 11°.

Equations (5)

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d ( n x ) / d T = 2.797 × 10 - 6 - 4.328 × 10 - 8 T - 2.121 × 10 - 10 T 2 , d ( n y ) / d T = - 6.560 × 10 - 6 - 2.120 × 10 - 7 T + 3.172 × 10 - 10 T 2 , d ( n z ) / d T = 6.116 × 10 - 6 - 2.567 × 10 - 7 T + 6.649 × 10 - 10 T 2 ,
n j ( λ k , T ) = n j ( λ k , T 0 ) + T 0 T ( d n j d T ) d T             ( j = x , y , z ) ,
F ω s ω i d eff 2 g s g t I p / n s n i .
Δ λ = 0 Δ ϕ ( d λ d ϕ ) d ϕ .
G out ( 0 , τ ) I seed ( t ) I pump ( t + τ ) d t ,

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