Abstract

We describe the factors important in the design and the performance of femtosecond optical parametric oscillators. Resonator design, oscillation threshold, choice of nonlinear material, and signal output pulse duration are discussed. A detailed comparative analysis of KTiOPO4 and its crystal isomorphs with regard to applications in femtosecond optical parametric oscillators is given, and the experimental performance of oscillators based on KTiOPO4 and RbTiOAsO4 is compared.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  23. D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157–1163 (1995).
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    [CrossRef]
  25. L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
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    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Yao, W. Sheng, and W. Shi, “Accurate calculation of the optimum phase-matching parameters in three-wave interactions with biaxial nonlinear-optical crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 891–902 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric upconverter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 50–60 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  32. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  33. S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, “Power and spectral characteristics of continuous-wave parametric oscillators: the doubly to singly resonant transition,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684–1695 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  35. E. C. Cheung and J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
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  36. M. H. Dunn and A. I. Ferguson, “Coma compensation in off-axis laser resonators,” Opt. Commun. 20, 214–219 (1977).
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  38. M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
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  39. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, “Negative dispersion using pairs of prisms,” Opt. Lett. 9, 150–152 (1984).
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  40. M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. N. P. Barnes and V. J. Corcoran, “Parametric generation processes: spectral bandwidth and acceptance angles,” Appl. Opt. 15, 696–699 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  43. M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, “Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
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  44. A. H. Kung, “Narrowband mid-infrared generation using KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1082–1084 (1994); W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  45. K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μ m in KTP pumped at 1.064 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
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  46. R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
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  47. D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2072 (1992).
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  48. J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, and A. A. Ballman, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  49. J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  50. L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  51. L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  52. J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  53. H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314–3316 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  54. F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  55. K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  56. G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  57. R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, “Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4and RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFF2, p. 415.
  58. Damage threshold information on RTA from Crystal Associates, Inc., 15 Industrial Park, Waldwick, N.J. 07463.
  59. G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  60. A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 194–196.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  62. R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1994 (8)

A. H. Kung, “Narrowband mid-infrared generation using KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1082–1084 (1994); W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lu and M. Xiao, “Observation of localized domain reversal of iron-doped potassium niobate (Fe:KNbO3) single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4451–4453 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, “Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, “High-power high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (8)

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Cubic-phase-free dispersion compensation in solid-state ultrashort-pulse lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 57–59 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, and C. L. Tang, “Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Moon, “Characterization and modelling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, “Power and spectral characteristics of continuous-wave parametric oscillators: the doubly to singly resonant transition,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684–1695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (6)

J. Yao, W. Sheng, and W. Shi, “Accurate calculation of the optimum phase-matching parameters in three-wave interactions with biaxial nonlinear-optical crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 891–902 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and mid-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μ m in KTP pumped at 1.064 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (5)

1989 (4)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, and A. A. Ballman, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1982 (1)

S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric upconverter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 50–60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. H. Dunn and A. I. Ferguson, “Coma compensation in off-axis laser resonators,” Opt. Commun. 20, 214–219 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (2)

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes and V. J. Corcoran, “Parametric generation processes: spectral bandwidth and acceptance angles,” Appl. Opt. 15, 696–699 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Asaki, M. T.

Ballman, A. A.

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, and A. A. Ballman, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

Barty, C. P. J.

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, and R. Beigang, “Efficient noncritically phase-matched cw mode-locked ps and fs optical parametric oscillator in KTP,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWB5, pp. 282–283.

Bierlein, J. D.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, and A. A. Ballman, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein and H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314–3316 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bromley, L. J.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, “Power and spectral characteristics of continuous-wave parametric oscillators: the doubly to singly resonant transition,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684–1695 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWM4; P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, L. T.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E. C.

Choo, H. R.

Christov, I. P.

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, V. J.

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Downer, M. C.

Driscoll, T. J.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, “Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

M. H. Dunn and A. I. Ferguson, “Coma compensation in off-axis laser resonators,” Opt. Commun. 20, 214–219 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, “Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire pumped optical parametric oscillator using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), post-deadline paper CPD1.3.

Eckardt, R. C.

Eckhardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, D. C.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ellingson, J.

Falk, J.

S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric upconverter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 50–60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, and R. Beigang, “Efficient noncritically phase-matched cw mode-locked ps and fs optical parametric oscillator in KTP,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWB5, pp. 282–283.

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Ferguson, A. I.

M. H. Dunn and A. I. Ferguson, “Coma compensation in off-axis laser resonators,” Opt. Commun. 20, 214–219 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, R.

R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

French, S.

Fu, Q.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992) pp. 236–238.

Gale, G. M.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, “Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Galperin, J.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Garvey, D.

Gier, T. D.

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Graener, H.

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric upconverter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 50–60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Guy, A.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, “Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-P.

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Ignatavicius, M.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kabelka, V.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, “A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD 32-1/68, p. 736.

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μ m in KTP pumped at 1.064 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Kuizenga, D. J.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

A. H. Kung, “Narrowband mid-infrared generation using KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1082–1084 (1994); W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

Lemoff, B. E.

Liu, J. M.

Liu, Y.

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, D. N.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, “Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4and RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFF2, p. 415.

Loiacono, G. M.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z.

Z. Lu and M. Xiao, “Observation of localized domain reversal of iron-doped potassium niobate (Fe:KNbO3) single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4451–4453 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mak, G.

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992) pp. 236–238.

Martinez, O. E.

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McGee, T.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

Moon, J. A.

J. A. Moon, “Characterization and modelling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morris Hotsenpiller, P. A.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, “Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, and R. Beigang, “Efficient noncritically phase-matched cw mode-locked ps and fs optical parametric oscillator in KTP,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWB5, pp. 282–283.

Nie, D.

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. G.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pelouch, W. S.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and mid-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Tang, E. S. Wachman, and W. S. Pelouch, “Broadly tunable cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CFM5, p. 538.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD14-1/27.

Phillion, D. W.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pieterse, J. W.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, “A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD 32-1/68, p. 736.

Piskarskas, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, and C. L. Tang, “Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD14-1/27.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWM4; P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramakrishna, S.

Reid, D. T.

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire pumped optical parametric oscillator using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), post-deadline paper CPD1.3.

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rottenberg, J.

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, “Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4and RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFF2, p. 415.

Sheng, W.

Shi, W.

Sibbett, W.

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, “Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Efficient femtosecond pulse generation in the visible in a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1157–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire pumped optical parametric oscillator using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), post-deadline paper CPD1.3.

Siegman, A. E.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Stabinis, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Stolzenberger, R. A.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, “Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4and RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFF2, p. 415.

Szipöcs, R.

Taft, G.

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, “High-power high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, and C. L. Tang, “Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and mid-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Tang, E. S. Wachman, and W. S. Pelouch, “Broadly tunable cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CFM5, p. 538.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWM4; P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD14-1/27.

Tran-bá, C.

R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992) pp. 236–238.

Vanherzeele, H.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and mid-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Tang, E. S. Wachman, and W. S. Pelouch, “Broadly tunable cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CFM5, p. 538.

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, M.

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Watts, M. L.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, “A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD 32-1/68, p. 736.

Wieczorek, L. W.

R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F.

S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

Z. Lu and M. Xiao, “Observation of localized domain reversal of iron-doped potassium niobate (Fe:KNbO3) single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4451–4453 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Yao, J.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 194–196.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 389–392.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. R.

Zhou, J.

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Zola, J. J.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zumsteg, F. C.

H. Vanherzeele, J. D. Bierlein, and F. C. Zumsteg, “Index of refraction measurements and parametric generation in hydrothermally grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3314–3316 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, “Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895–897 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, and A. A. Ballman, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of flux-grown KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Kung, “Narrowband mid-infrared generation using KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1082–1084 (1994); W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Optical parametric frequency conversion properties of KTiOAsO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2765–2767 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (7)

J. A. Moon, “Characterization and modelling of a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator suitable for tunable pump–probe spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 265–269 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

S. Guha, F. Wu, and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 907–913 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Parametric oscillation at 3.2 μ m in KTP pumped at 1.064 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137–1140 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckhardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiIO3and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, “Simplified characterization of uniaxial and biaxial nonlinear optical crystals: a plea for standardization of nomenclature and conventions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057–2072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Second harmonic and sum-frequency generation to 4950 and 4589 Å in KTP,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 3–4 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (7)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Zumsteg, J. D. Bierlein, and T. D. Gier, “Kx Rb1−x TiOPO4: a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980–4985 (1976).
[CrossRef]

S. Guha and J. Falk, “The effects of focusing in the three-frequency parametric upconverter,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 50–60 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, and A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Z. Lu and M. Xiao, “Observation of localized domain reversal of iron-doped potassium niobate (Fe:KNbO3) single crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 4451–4453 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and mid-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

J. Han, Y. Liu, M. Wang, and D. Nie, “Flux growth and properties of RbTiOAsO4(RTA) crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 128, 864–866 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth. (2)

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. Morris Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth. 137, 107–115 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, and R. A. Stolzenberger, “Crystal growth and characterization of ferroelectric CsTiOAsO4,” J. Cryst. Growth. 131, 323–330 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

Opt. Commun. (4)

M. H. Dunn and A. I. Ferguson, “Coma compensation in off-axis laser resonators,” Opt. Commun. 20, 214–219 (1977).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, “Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Characteristics of a noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (13)

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, and C. L. Tang, “Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Laenen, H. Graener, and A. Laubereau, “Broadly-tunable femtosecond pulses generated by optical parametric oscillation,” Opt. Lett. 15, 971–973 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, “High-power high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible,” Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, “Negative dispersion using pairs of prisms,” Opt. Lett. 9, 150–152 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Asaki, C.-P. Huang, D. Garvey, J. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Generation of 11-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 977–979 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, “Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Cubic-phase-free dispersion compensation in solid-state ultrashort-pulse lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 57–59 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201–203 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Fischer, C. Tran-bá, and L. W. Wieczorek, “Optimal focusing in a singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1455–1458 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 389–392.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD14-1/27.

C. L. Tang, E. S. Wachman, and W. S. Pelouch, “Broadly tunable cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 10 of 1991 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), paper CFM5, p. 538.

J. Zhou, G. Taft, C.-P. Huang, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Sub-10 fs pulse generation in Ti:sapphire: capabilities and ultimate limits,” in Ultrafast Phenomena XI, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds., Vol. 60 of Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 39–40.
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, “High-power cw femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992) pp. 236–238.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, “A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD 32-1/68, p. 736.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, and R. Beigang, “Efficient noncritically phase-matched cw mode-locked ps and fs optical parametric oscillator in KTP,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper JWB5, pp. 282–283.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CWM4; P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, “High repetition rate femtosecond OPO based on RbTiOAsO4,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Noncritically phase-matched Ti:sapphire pumped optical parametric oscillator using RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), post-deadline paper CPD1.3.

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics, 3rd ed. (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 194–196.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, and J. D. Bierlein, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of the arsenate isomorphs of KTP,” in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals II, B. H. Chai, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1863, 43–53 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, “Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4and RbTiOAsO4,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CFF2, p. 415.

Damage threshold information on RTA from Crystal Associates, Inc., 15 Industrial Park, Waldwick, N.J. 07463.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Resonator configuration of the femtosecond OPO’s based on KTP and RTA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation profiles and corresponding spectra of the resonant signal-wave output from (a) the KTP and (b) the RTA oscillators operated in the absence of dispersion compensation. The measured signal-pulse durations were 400 and 980 fs for the KTP and the RTA systems, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation profiles and corresponding spectra of the resonant signal-wave output from the intracavity-dispersion-compensated (a) KTP and (b) RTA oscillators. The shortest transform-limited signal-pulse durations measured from the KTP and the RTA oscillators were 38 and 76 fs, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity autocorrelation profiles and spectra of the idler output from the RTA-based oscillator operated [(a), (b)] without dispersion compensation and [(c), (d)] with signal-wave dispersion compensation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental pump-tuning data (symbols) and phase-matching curve predicted from Sellmeier equations (solid line) for the KTP and the RTA oscillators. Predicted tuning is also shown for noncritically phase-matched parametric oscillators based on KTA (dashed line) and CTA (dotted line).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Material Characteristics of KTP, KTA, RTA, and CTA

Tables Icon

Table 2 Characteristics of Noncritically Phase-Matched Crystals of KTP, KTA, RTA, and CTA Relevant to a Femtosecond OPO

Tables Icon

Table 3 Performance Characteristics of Femtosecond OPO’sa

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P th = ɛ s n s n i n p c 3 ( k s + k p ) 128 ω s ω i χ 2 π 2 l h s k s k p ,
χ ( esu units ) = 3 × 10 4 2 π d eff ( SI units ) ,
Δ t = 1 v g 1 - 1 v g 2 ,
v g i = c n - λ i ( d n / d λ i ) ,
Δ τ = Δ τ 0 [ 1 + ( z / z D ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
z D = Δ τ 0 2 4 ln 2 ( d 2 k d ω 2 ) - 1 .
Δ τ ( d 3 ϕ / d ω 3 ) 1 / 2 ,
Δ λ 2 = { 4 l [ n 2 λ 2 cos ( φ 2 - φ 3 ) 1 λ 2 - n 3 λ 3 λ 3 λ 2 2 - n 2 cos ( φ 2 - φ 3 ) 1 λ 2 2 + n 3 1 λ 2 2 ] } - 1 .

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