Abstract

We have constructed a synchronously pumped parametric oscillator that uses temperature-tuned, noncritically phase-matched LiB3O5 as the nonlinear medium. We have synchronously pumped this LiB3O5 parametric oscillator with two different pump sources. The first is a cw mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser that produces 2 W of 100-fs pulses near 800 nm. Using this pump source, we have generated pulses as short as 40 fs, or as much as 550 mW of average power. We demonstrate the synchronization between the pump and the signal pulses by generating a 100-fs cross correlation. Our second pump source is a novel frequency-doubled diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser that produces 2 W of 6-ps pulses at 532 nm. We have generated pulses as short as 270 fs with extracavity dispersion compensation from this all-solid-state system.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. Special feature issue on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–1791 and 2147–2221 (1993).
  2. D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, "Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, "High-power, high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible," Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1993); P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "Continuous-wave modelocked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, "Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2200–2210 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.
  19. M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, "Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5," Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. Laenen, H. Graener, and A. Laubereau, "Broadly tunable femtosecond pulses generated by optical parametric oscillation," Opt. Lett. 15, 971–973 (1990); R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2161 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, "Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals," Opt. Lett. 19, 1753–1755 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch," Opt. Lett. 19, 831–833 (1994); J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "20-fold pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1614–1616 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. E. C. Cheung and J. M. Liu, "Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Fiber Raman lasers," in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1982), Vol. 1, pp. 265–273.
  25. R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. H. Knox and F. A. Beisser, "Two-wavelength synchronous generation of femtosecond pulses with <100-fs jitter," Opt. Lett. 17, 1012–1014 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. W. H. Knox, "In situ measurement of complete intracavity dispersion in an operating Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 514–516 (1992); W. H. Knox and J. P. Gordon, "Frequency-domain dispersion measurements in tunable mode-locked lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2071–2079 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  31. Y. Tang, Y. Cui, and M. H. Dunn, "Thermal dependence of the principal refractive indices of lithium triborate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 638–643 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  32. This calculation was done at room temperature; however, the curve will shift only slightly as a function of temperature.
  33. This calculation was done at the phase-matching temperature. Reference 19 reports a value of 15 fs/mm for the same pump and signal wavelengths. This discrepancy is most likely due to the sensitivity of the GVM to the values used for the temperature-dependent index of refraction.
  34. I. A. Walmsley and J. D. Kafka, "Ultrafast nonlinear optics," in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics, G. P. Agrawal and R. W. Boyd, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), pp. 119–186.
    [CrossRef]
  35. A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. These data were calculated for a 4-m horizontal path at sea level, at room temperature, in a mid-latitude urban area in summer, with no rain or clouds or fog or wind. The spectrum is generated by ONCORE atmospheric transmission software, available from Ontar Corporation, North Andover, Mass. 01845.
  37. These mirrors were developed and manufactured by Spectra-Physics Components and Accessories Group.
  38. J. Chesnoy and L. Fini, "Stabilization of a femtosecond dye laser synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled modelocked YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 11, 635–637 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  40. J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  41. A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  42. K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, and J. F. Ferguson, "Passively mode-locked diode-pumped solid-state lasers that use an antiresonant Fabry–Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 18, 640–642 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (3)

1994 (9)

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch," Opt. Lett. 19, 831–833 (1994); J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "20-fold pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1614–1616 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, "Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals," Opt. Lett. 19, 1753–1755 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (8)

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, "Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2200–2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.

Special feature issue on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–1791 and 2147–2221 (1993).

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195–2200 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, "High-power, high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible," Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1993); P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, and J. F. Ferguson, "Passively mode-locked diode-pumped solid-state lasers that use an antiresonant Fabry–Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 18, 640–642 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (10)

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "Continuous-wave modelocked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox, "In situ measurement of complete intracavity dispersion in an operating Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 514–516 (1992); W. H. Knox and J. P. Gordon, "Frequency-domain dispersion measurements in tunable mode-locked lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2071–2079 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox and F. A. Beisser, "Two-wavelength synchronous generation of femtosecond pulses with <100-fs jitter," Opt. Lett. 17, 1012–1014 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, "Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Walmsley and J. D. Kafka, "Ultrafast nonlinear optics," in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics, G. P. Agrawal and R. W. Boyd, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), pp. 119–186.
[CrossRef]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1989 (1)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Fiber Raman lasers," in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1982), Vol. 1, pp. 265–273.

1977 (1)

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J. H.

Beigang, R.

Beisser, F. A.

Chen, C.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

Chesnoy, J.

Cheung, E. C.

Chiu, T. H.

Chung, J.

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, "Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2200–2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Crowell, R. A.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Cui, and M. H. Dunn, "Thermal dependence of the principal refractive indices of lithium triborate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 638–643 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, L.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C.

Driel, H. M. van

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, T. J.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, M. H.

Y. Tang, Y. Cui, and M. H. Dunn, "Thermal dependence of the principal refractive indices of lithium triborate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 638–643 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, "Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5," Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellingson, R. J.

Fallnich, C.

Ferguson, A. I.

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, J. F.

Fini, L.

French, S.

Fu, Q.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gale, G. M.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

Hache, F.

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Herbst, R. L.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Holtom, G. R.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, J.

Jain, R. K.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Walmsley and J. D. Kafka, "Ultrafast nonlinear optics," in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics, G. P. Agrawal and R. W. Boyd, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), pp. 119–186.
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khaydarov, J. D. V.

Knox, W. H.

Kruck, P.

A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laenen, R.

Laubereau, A.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Fiber Raman lasers," in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1982), Vol. 1, pp. 265–273.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ling, J.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Lohner, A.

A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mak, G.

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCarthy, M. J.

Miller, A.

Nebel, A.

Norrie, C. J.

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelouch, W. S.

Pieterse, J. W.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

Powers, P. E.

Ramakrishna, S.

Reid, D. T.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robertson, A.

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rühle, W. W.

A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, "Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5," Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Siegman, A. E.

J. Chung and A. E. Siegman, "Singly resonant continuous-wave mode-locked KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a Nd:YAG laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2200–2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singer, K. D.

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Fiber Raman lasers," in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1982), Vol. 1, pp. 265–273.

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, "High-power, high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible," Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1993); P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, "Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang, Y. Cui, and M. H. Dunn, "Thermal dependence of the principal refractive indices of lithium triborate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 638–643 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terry, J. A. C.

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umbrasas, A.

Velsko, S. P.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallenstein, R.

Walmsley, I. A.

I. A. Walmsley and J. D. Kafka, "Ultrafast nonlinear optics," in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics, G. P. Agrawal and R. W. Boyd, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), pp. 119–186.
[CrossRef]

Watts, M. L.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

Xie, Y. S.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, J. W. Pieterse, and R. L. Herbst, "Mid-infrared pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," Appl. Phys. B 60, 449–452 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Lohner, P. Kruck, and W. W. Rühle, "Generation of 200 femtosecond pulses tunable between 2.5 and 5.5 μm," Appl. Phys. B 59, 211–213 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989); E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, and C. L. Tang, "Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, and H. M. van Driel, "Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, and Y. R. Shen, "Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, C. Lin, and R. K. Jain, "A time-dispersion-tuned fiber Raman oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340–342 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Picosecond and femtosecond pulse generation in a regeneratively modelocked Ti:sapphire laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2151–2162 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, and C. Huang, "Phasematched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO)," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Characteristics of a noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 104, 419–430 (1994); D. T. Reid, J. M. Dudley, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Soliton formation in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 825–827 (1994); J. Hebling, E. J. Mayer, J. Kuhl, and R. Szipöcs, "Chirped-mirror dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 20, 919–921 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Driscoll, G. M. Gale, and F. Hache, "Ti:sapphire second-harmonic-pumped visible range femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 110, 638–644 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (15)

J. Chesnoy and L. Fini, "Stabilization of a femtosecond dye laser synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled modelocked YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 11, 635–637 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Laenen, H. Graener, and A. Laubereau, "Broadly tunable femtosecond pulses generated by optical parametric oscillation," Opt. Lett. 15, 971–973 (1990); R. Laenen, K. Wolfrum, A. Seilmeier, and A. Laubereau, "Parametric generation of femtosecond and picosecond pulses for spectroscopic applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2151–2161 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "Continuous-wave modelocked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox, "In situ measurement of complete intracavity dispersion in an operating Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 514–516 (1992); W. H. Knox and J. P. Gordon, "Frequency-domain dispersion measurements in tunable mode-locked lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2071–2079 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, and H. M. van Driel, "High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Knox and F. A. Beisser, "Two-wavelength synchronous generation of femtosecond pulses with <100-fs jitter," Opt. Lett. 17, 1012–1014 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, "Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Ellingson and C. L. Tang, "High-power, high-repetition-rate femtosecond pulses tunable in the visible," Opt. Lett. 18, 438–440 (1993); P. E. Powers, R. J. Ellingson, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "Recent advances of the Ti:sapphire-pumped high-repetition-rate femtosecond parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2162–2167 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, and J. F. Ferguson, "Passively mode-locked diode-pumped solid-state lasers that use an antiresonant Fabry–Perot saturable absorber," Opt. Lett. 18, 640–642 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, S. Ramakrishna, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "Optical parametric oscillation with KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 18, 1171–1173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on CsTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 37–39 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "Pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator from group-velocity mismatch," Opt. Lett. 19, 831–833 (1994); J. D. V. Khaydarov, J. H. Andrews, and K. D. Singer, "20-fold pulse compression in a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1614–1616 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, and L. K. Cheng, "High-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 19, 1439–1441 (1994); D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, "Noncritically phasematched Ti:sapphire-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on RbTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 20, 55–57 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Umbrasas, J.-C. Diels, J. Jacob, and A. Piskarskas, "Parametric oscillation and compression in KTP crystals," Opt. Lett. 19, 1753–1755 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, S. French, W. Sibbett, and A. Miller, "Picosecond Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator based on LiB3O5," Opt. Lett. 20, 166–168 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (13)

Special feature issue on optical parametric oscillation and amplification, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1655–1791 and 2147–2221 (1993).

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and A. I. Ferguson, "Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μm using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), postdeadline paper CPD15, pp. 29–30; S. D. Butterworth, M. J. McCarthy, and D. C. Hanna, "Widely tunable synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 18, 1429–1431 (1993); M. J. McCarthy, S. D. Butterworth, and D. C. Hanna, "Highpower widely-tunable picosecond pulses from an all-solidstate synchronously-pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 102, 297–303 (1993); A. Robertson and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped all-solid-state lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator in a ring configuration," Opt. Lett. 19, 117–119 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

For a complete review of diode-pumped systems, including mode-locked Q-switched and doubly resonant OPO's, see G. J. Hall, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, and A. I. Ferguson, "Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators using all-solid-state pump lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2168–2179 (1993); M. J. McCarthy and D. C. Hanna, "All-solid-state synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2180–2190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "A synchronously pumped parametric oscillator producing 40 fsec pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), postdeadline paper CPD32, pp. 68–69.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, "Fiber Raman lasers," in CRC Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, Boca Raton, Fla., 1982), Vol. 1, pp. 265–273.

R. A. Crowell, G. R. Holtom, and Y. S. Xie, "Liquid-water dynamics probed by femtosecond infrared spectroscopy," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 156–158.
[CrossRef]

This calculation was done at room temperature; however, the curve will shift only slightly as a function of temperature.

This calculation was done at the phase-matching temperature. Reference 19 reports a value of 15 fs/mm for the same pump and signal wavelengths. This discrepancy is most likely due to the sensitivity of the GVM to the values used for the temperature-dependent index of refraction.

I. A. Walmsley and J. D. Kafka, "Ultrafast nonlinear optics," in Contemporary Nonlinear Optics, G. P. Agrawal and R. W. Boyd, eds. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992), pp. 119–186.
[CrossRef]

A tuning range of 457–481 nm was demonstrated for 355-nm pumping and less than 200°C in Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, "All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible," Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992). For this result a type-II rather than a type-I NCPM LBO crystal was used.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

These data were calculated for a 4-m horizontal path at sea level, at room temperature, in a mid-latitude urban area in summer, with no rain or clouds or fog or wind. The spectrum is generated by ONCORE atmospheric transmission software, available from Ontar Corporation, North Andover, Mass. 01845.

These mirrors were developed and manufactured by Spectra-Physics Components and Accessories Group.

J. D. Kafka, M. L. Watts, and J. W. Pieterse, "Infrared-pulse generation using a subpicosecond OPO," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, P. F. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. Mourou, and A. H. Zewail, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 185–186; D. E. Spence and C. L. Tang, "Characterization and applications of high repetition rate, broadly tunable, femtosecond optical parametric oscillators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 31–43 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated GVD constant D for a LBO crystal as a function of wavelength. The zero-GVD wavelength is near 1.20 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated GVD as a function of wavelength and prism tip insertion. The cavity contains a 6-mm-long LBO crystal and a pair of SF-10 Brewster prisms spaced apart by 180 mm. The curves represent constant values of GVD and are labeled in femtoseconds per nanometer. Note that the GVD is nearly constant from 1.1 to 1.3 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated tuning curves for type-I NCPM LBO as a function of temperature. The tuning curves are shown for pump wavelengths of 720, 760, 800, and 840 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated tuning curve for type-I NCPM LBO as a function of temperature. The pump wavelength is 532 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectrum of 4 m of air as a function of wavelength.36

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental configuration for the Ti:sapphire-pumped SPPO. P1–P5 are pump mirrors, M1–M7 are cavity mirrors, and PR1, PR2 are intracavity Brewster prisms. M6P and M7P are cavity mirrors used when the intracavity prisms are inserted. PZT is a piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Typical output power from the Ti:sapphire-pumped SPPO as a function of wavelength. Curve a, signal obtained from the short-wavelength optics set; curve b, signal obtained from the long-wavelength optics set; curve c, idler obtained from the long-wavelength optics set; and curve d, idler obtained from the short-wavelength optics set.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Interferometric autocorrelation of a 40-fs pulse at a wavelength of 1.3 μm. The average power is 250 mW, and the pulses are 1.4 times transform limited.18

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Cross correlation between the 72-fs pump pulse at 770 nm and the 65-fs signal pulse at 1.32 μm. The FWHM of the cross correlation is less than 100 fs.39

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Bandwidth of the signal pulses from the solid-state-pumped SPPO as a function of the intracavity GVD. The central wavelength is 875 nm, and the cavity dispersion with the prism pair removed is indicated by the arrow.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) spectrum of the output pulses from the solid-state-pumped SPPO operated without the intracavity prism pair. The autocorrelation, after extracavity dispersion compensation with a grating pair, has a FWHM of 700 fs (before deconvolution), and the spectrum has a FWHM of 3 nm.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) Autocorrelation and (b) spectrum of the output pulses from the solid-state-pumped SPPO operated with the intracavity prism pair. The autocorrelation, after extracavity dispersion compensation with a grating pair, has a FWHM of 400 fs (before deconvolution), and the spectrum has a FWHM of 6 nm.

Equations (4)

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n y ( λ , T ) - n z ( λ , T ) = n y ( λ , T 0 ) - n z ( λ , T 0 ) + 6.94795 × 10 - 5 - 2.70095 × 10 - 6 T - 4.21255 × 10 - 8 T 2 + 4.53122 × 10 - 11 T 3 .
T g = ( L / c ) × [ n - λ ( d n / d λ ) ] ,
D = ( - 1 / L ) ( d T g / d λ ) .
GVM = Δ T g / L = [ T g ( pump ) - T g ( signal ) ] / L .

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