Abstract

We describe the design and operation of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator (OPO) system suitable for nonlinear frequency conversion. The OPO system, which uses a type-I β-barium borate (BBO) crystal as the nonlinear medium, is tunable from 0.435 to 2.3 μm. It possesses linewidths that are less than 0.2 cm−1 and beam divergences of less than 0.5 mrad. We report frequency-doubling efficiencies of the output of this OPO system. Maximum doubling efficiencies obtained are 18.5% with BBO and 28% with potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, "Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, "Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1765–1777 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. F. Zernike, Jr., "Refractive indices of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate between 2000 angstroms and 1.5 microns," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1215–1220 (1964); erratum 55, 210–211 (1965).
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  15. K. W. Kirby and L. G. DeShazer, "Refractive indices of 14 nonlinear crystals isomorphic to KH2PO4," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1072–1078 (1987).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

1994

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

1993

1991

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

1989

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, "Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-borate crystal pumped by an XeCI excimer laser," Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

1986

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978

1973

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1964

Achiba, Y.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

DeShazer, L. G.

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fix, A.

Haub, J. G.

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

Johnson, M. J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kato, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kirby, K. W.

Kodama, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Leone, S. R.

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Littman, M. G.

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Moore, C. B.

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Moriwaki, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, T.

Shiromaru, H.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986) Chap. 21, pp. 822–824.

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, "Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Wu, B.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Xu, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Zernike, F.

Zheng, W.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986) Chap. 21, pp. 822–824.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the MOPO optical layout: HR’s, high refletors; BS’s, beamsplitters; BBO’s, crystals; OC, output coupler; BBD broadband dichroic mirror; TM, tuning mirror. The compensator block shown near the power oscillator output coupler corrects for beam walk as the BBO crystals are rotated. The power oscillator high reflector and the output coupler optics are configured as a confocal unstable resonator (see text).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical configurations for unstable and flat/flat resonators. In the confocal unstable resonator, both optics share a common focus. This resonator will produce a low-divergence output beam. The flat/flat resonator tends to produce a highly divergent beam.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning curve of the MOPO system. Output energies of ~100 mJ/pulse are produced through most of the visible (400–700-nm) range; ~50-mJ/pulse outputs are obtained over the range of idler wavelengths (700–900 nm) used for frequency doubling.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second-harmonic conversion efficiency versus output wavelength in KDP/KD*P. Four 30-mm-long type-I cut crystals were used to cover the range from 260 to 340 nm. Output energies ranged from ~1 to ~9 mJ/pulse.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Second-harmonic conversion efficiency versus output wavelength in BBO. Two 7-mm-long type-I cut crystals were used to cover the range from 215 to 450 nm. Output energies ranged from ~5 to ~25 mJ/pulse. spatial profile and did not induce optical damage in the system components.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Material Parameters of KDP and BBO for Frequency Doubling to the UV

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