Abstract

We describe the design and operation of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator (OPO) system suitable for nonlinear frequency conversion. The OPO system, which uses a type-I β-barium borate (BBO) crystal as the nonlinear medium, is tunable from 0.435 to 2.3 μm. It possesses linewidths that are less than 0.2 cm−1 and beam divergences of less than 0.5 mrad. We report frequency-doubling efficiencies of the output of this OPO system. Maximum doubling efficiencies obtained are 18.5% with BBO and 28% with potassium dihydrogen phosphate.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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1994 (2)

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

1993 (3)

1991 (2)

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).

1989 (1)

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).

1988 (3)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

H. Komine, "Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-borate crystal pumped by an XeCI excimer laser," Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).

1978 (1)

1973 (1)

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).

1964 (1)

Achiba, Y.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

Chen, C.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).

Deng, D.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

DeShazer, L. G.

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

Fix, A.

Haub, J. G.

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

Johnson, M. J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).

Kato, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Kirby, K. W.

Kodama, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Komine, H.

Leone, S. R.

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).

Littman, M. G.

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Moore, C. B.

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).

Moriwaki, T.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

Orr, B. J.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).

Schröder, T.

Shiromaru, H.

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986) Chap. 21, pp. 822–824.

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).

Wallenstein, R.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, R. Wallenstein, J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, "Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744–1750 (1993).

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Wu, B.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Xu, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Zernike, F.

Zheng, W.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, "Visible β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, "Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718–1720 (1991).

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, "High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952–1954 (1989).

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zheng, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, "Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1462–1463 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, "Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4," Appl. Phys. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. R. Leone and C. B. Moore, "V-V energy transfer in HCl with tunable optical parametric oscillator excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 340–344 (1973).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kato, "Second harmonic generation to 2048 angstroms in β-BaB2O4," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

T. Kodama, T. Kato, T. Moriwaki, H. Shiromaru, and Y. Achiba, "Laser study on the resonance-enhanced multiphoton electron detachment (REMPED) processes for C60- and C70-," J. Phys. Chem. 98, 10671–10673 (1994).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986) Chap. 21, pp. 822–824.

R. L. Herbst, Spectra-Physics Lasers Inc., Mountain View, Calif. 94043 (personal communication, 1994).

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