Abstract

We report on a diode-laser-pumped, noncritically phase-matched, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on KTP. The OPO, which consists of a 12-mm-long, x-cut KTP crystal and a linear two-mirror cavity, was pumped by the 769-nm output of a single-stripe GaAlAs diode laser. With a triply (pump-, signal-, and idler-) resonant cavity the pump power at threshold was as low as 6 mW. At a pump power of 74 mW the power of the generated single-mode 1.1-μm signal wave exceeded 20 mW. The measured spectral width was less than 70 MHz. With a doubly (pump- and signal-) resonant cavity the OPO’s threshold of less than 50 mW was also within the power range of the single-stripe diode laser. With a pump power of 69 mW the signal power was 7.5 mW. Low-threshold operation has also been demonstrated by use of an injection-locked, 200-μm-wide, 20-stripe GaAlAs diode-laser array as the pump source. These experimental results show the feasibility and the promising aspects of using high-brightness diode lasers as pump sources for efficient, compact, continuous-wave near-infrared OPO systems.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-frequency resonantly doubled Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 971 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Monolithic MgO:LiNbO3 doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a frequency-doubled diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. C. Gerstenberger and R. W. Wallace, "Continuous-wave operation of a doubly resonant lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 966 to 1185 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1681 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. G. Colville, A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 205 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, A. J. Henderson, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillator pumped in the ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 18, 1065 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Stabilization and tuning of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1659 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 200–201.
  8. F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Power and spectral characteristics of continuous-wave parametric oscillators: the doubly to singly resonant transition," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. G. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 1735 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "1.9-W cw ringcavity KTP singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 475 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling and optical parametric oscillation with potassium niobate," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.
  16. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995), and references therein.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.
  18. M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.
  19. L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. Vanherzeele and J. D. Bierlein, "Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4," Opt. Lett. 17, 982 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. E. Siegman, "Nonlinear effects: an optical power limiter," Appl. Opt. 1, 739 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).
  26. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3598 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

1995 (3)

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

1994 (7)

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. G. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "1.9-W cw ringcavity KTP singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 475 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 200–201.

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (9)

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Power and spectral characteristics of continuous-wave parametric oscillators: the doubly to singly resonant transition," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1684 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Gerstenberger and R. W. Wallace, "Continuous-wave operation of a doubly resonant lithium niobate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 966 to 1185 nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1681 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, A. J. Henderson, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillator pumped in the ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 18, 1065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Stabilization and tuning of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-frequency resonantly doubled Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 971 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

H. Vanherzeele and J. D. Bierlein, "Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4," Opt. Lett. 17, 982 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling and optical parametric oscillation with potassium niobate," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).

1968 (2)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3598 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

Beausoleil, R. G.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

Beier, B.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Bierlein, J. D.

Boller, K. J.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3598 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, W.

W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).

Byer, R. L.

Colville, F. G.

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, A. J. Henderson, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillator pumped in the ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 18, 1065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dunn, M. G.

Dunn, M. H.

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, A. J. Henderson, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillator pumped in the ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 18, 1065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Fallnich, C.

Fejer, M. M.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, R.

W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).

Gerstenberger, D. C.

Geusic, J. E.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. C.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A. J.

Huber, G.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling and optical parametric oscillation with potassium niobate," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3598 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Lee, D.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 200–201.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Stabilization and tuning of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, H. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, D. N.

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Loiacono, G. M.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.

McGee, T.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miller, G. D.

Myers, L. E.

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

Nabors, C. D.

Nebel, A.

Norwood, R. G.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

Paul, H.

W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).

Pierce, J. W.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

Polzik, E. S.

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling and optical parametric oscillation with potassium niobate," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G.

Rottenberg, J.

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

Rubin, J. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Scheidt, M.

M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.

Scifres, D. R.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Singh, S.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Stolzenberger, R. A.

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Surette, M. R.

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Uitert, L. G. Van

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Wallace, R. W.

Wallenstein, R.

M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel, C. Fallnich, R. Beigang, and R. Wallenstein, "Noncritically phase-matched continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2195 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wong, N. C.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 200–201.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Stabilization and tuning of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1659 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Zhang, J.

Zola, J. J.

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

W. Brunner, R. Fischer, and H. Paul, "Calculation of the conversion efficiency of a doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 33, 387 (1976).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Beier, J.-P. Meyn, R. Knappe, K. J. Boller, G. Huber, and R. Wallenstein, "A 180 mW Nd:LaSc3 (BO3)4 single-frequency TEM00 microchip laser pumped by an injection-locked diode-laser array," Appl. Phys. B 58, 381 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. M. Loiacono, D. N. Loiacono, J. J. Zola, R. A. Stolzenberger, T. McGee, and R. G. Norwood, "Optical properties and ionic conductivity of KTiOAsO4 crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 895 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave, dual-cavity, doubly-resonant, optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1490 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Colville, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator pumped by a tunable Ti:sapphire laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1765 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, and L. G. Van Uitert, "Continuous optical parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15," Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308 (1968).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection Locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, M. R. Surette, and D. C. Hall, "High-power, near diffraction-limited large-area traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2028 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, "Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3598 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

F. G. Colville, A. J. Henderson, M. J. Padgett, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillation in lithium triborate," Opt. Lett. 18, 205 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Colville, M. J. Padgett, A. J. Henderson, J. Zhang, and M. H. Dunn, "Continuous-wave parametric oscillator pumped in the ultraviolet," Opt. Lett. 18, 1065 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a single-frequency resonantly doubled Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 971 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "Monolithic MgO:LiNbO3 doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a frequency-doubled diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 14, 66 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Robertson, M. J. Padgett, and M. G. Dunn, "Continuous-wave singly resonant pump-enhanced type II LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 1735 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, "1.9-W cw ringcavity KTP singly resonant optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 19, 475 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 20, 52 (1995), and references therein.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Vanherzeele and J. D. Bierlein, "Magnitude of the nonlinear-optical coefficients of KTiOPO4," Opt. Lett. 17, 982 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

R. A. Stolzenberger, D. N. Loiacono, and J. Rottenberg, "Electro-optic modulators of KTiOAsO4 and RbTiOAsO4," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 415.

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light-induced absorption," in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 11 of OSA 1993 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 434.

M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, "Tunable non-critically phase-matched cw optical parametric oscillators of KTP," in Conference Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1994), p. 334.

D. Lee and N. C. Wong, "Tuning characteristics of a cw dual-cavity KTP optical parametric oscillator," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 8 of 1994 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 200–201.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling and optical parametric oscillation with potassium niobate," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electro-Optics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, J. W. Pierce, and R. G. Beausoleil, "cw diode-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of 1995 OSA Proceedings Series, B. H. T. Chai and S. A. Payne, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper PD9.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelengths of the signal and the idler radiation of KTP OPO’s with a signal- and idler-resonant cavity or a pump- and signal resonant cavity. The near-infrared pump radiation is generated by a single-mode Ti:sapphire laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Wavelength dependence of the pump power at threshold of the investigated KTP Ti:sapphire-laser-pumped OPO’s, which have a signal- and idler-resonant cavity or a pump- and signal-resonant cavity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simultaneous recordings of the amount of diode-laser pump power, which was reflected by the triply resonant OPO cavity, and of the OPO’s signal-wave output power, measured behind the piezoelectrically tuned rear mirror (M2).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrum of the signal radiation of the diode-laser-pumped, triply resonant OPO, recorded with a confocal spectrum analyzer with a free spectral range (FSR) of 2 GHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power of the signal wave of the diode-laser-pumped, triply resonant KTP OPO as a function of the pump power. The signal power transmitted by the rear cavity mirror was measured for different pump-wave transmissions, Tp, of the front mirror.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power of the signal wave of the Ti:sapphire-laser-pumped doubly (pump- and signal-) resonant KTP OPO. The signal wave’s power was measured for different pump-wave transmissions, Tp, of the front cavity mirror.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of the performance of the diode-laser-pumped KTP OPO’s with triply or doubly (pump- and signal-) resonant cavity. For further details see text.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Wavelengths of the signal and the idler radiation of noncritically phase-matched OPO’s based on CTA, RTA, KTP, and KTA pumped by diode-laser radiation in the range of 760–1100 nm.

Equations (3)

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f p = T p 1 - [ ( 1 - α p ) ( 1 - T p ) ] 1 / 2 ,
f nl = T p 1 - [ ( 1 - α p ) ( 1 - α nl ) ( 1 - T p ) ] 1 / 2 .
P c = 2 T p [ ( 1 - α p ) ( 1 - T p ) ] 1 / 2 { [ ( 1 - α p ) ( 1 - T p ) ] 1 / 2 - 1 } × ( P t - P t P ) .

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