Abstract

Optical hole burning is used to study optical dephasing of the 7F05D0 transition in samples of Y2O3:Eu3+ grown by both flame fusion and laser-heated pedestal growth. The samples exhibited a wide variation in their low-temperature hole widths, and the measured hole linewidths were in reasonable agreement with homogeneous linewidths obtained from values of T2 that were determined with two-pulse photon echoes. The sample that had the longest value of T2 (510 μs) from the echo measurements gave a hole width of 3.5 kHz. This is believed to be the narrowest spectral feature observed directly in the frequency domain for a solid. Other samples produced wider holes that were not correlated with the Eu3+ impurity concentrations. Time-resolved hole burning in one of the samples showed a slow and continuous broadening of the spectral hole from 130 kHz at 3 ms to 900 kHz at 10 s after hole burning. It is suggested that the additional broadening is associated with some form of disorder modes in this ordered crystalline solid.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1994 (1)

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Jahn, K. P. Muller, and D. Haarer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Yano, M. Mitsunaga, and N. Uesugi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 992 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

A. Szabo and R. Kaali, Phys. Rev. B 44, 12307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (5)

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Brocklesby, B. Golding, and J. R. Simpson, J. Lumin. 45, 54 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, J. M. Zhang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Tissue, L. Lu, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 45, 20 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

W. R. Babbit, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1972 (1)

P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Babbit, W. R.

W. R. Babbit, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. S.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

Boyce, D.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brocklesby, W. S.

W. S. Brocklesby, B. Golding, and J. R. Simpson, J. Lumin. 45, 54 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Broer, M. M.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Croci, M. C.

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Drever, R. W.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Elschner, A.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fayer, M. D.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Flinn, G. P.

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ganem, J.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ganem, K. W.

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golding, B.

W. S. Brocklesby, B. Golding, and J. R. Simpson, J. Lumin. 45, 54 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Haarer, D.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Halperin, B. I.

P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, J.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Holliday, K.

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

J. Huang, J. M. Zhang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ishigame, M.

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jahn, S.

Jones, M. L.

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kaali, R.

A. Szabo and R. Kaali, Phys. Rev. B 44, 12307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Landau, D. P.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

W. R. Babbit, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Littau, K. A.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

B. M. Tissue, L. Lu, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 45, 20 (1990).
[CrossRef]

MacChesney, J. B.

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Meixner, A. J.

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, R. S.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meltzev, R. S.

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mitsunaga, M.

Mossberg, T. W.

J. Huang, J. M. Zhang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbit, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Muller, K. P.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Narasimhan, L. R.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Okunao, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pack, D. W.

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, Th.

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schokker, B. C.

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

W. S. Brocklesby, B. Golding, and J. R. Simpson, J. Lumin. 45, 54 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Suemoto, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, K.

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo and R. Kaali, Phys. Rev. B 44, 12307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tissue, B. M.

B. M. Tissue, L. Lu, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 45, 20 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Uesugi, N.

van der Zaag, P. J.

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Varma, C. M.

P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Volker, S.

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. P.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wannemacher, R.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wei, C.

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wild, U. P.

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yano, R.

Yen, W. M.

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Tissue, L. Lu, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 45, 20 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yugami, H.

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. M.

J. Huang, J. M. Zhang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (6)

B. M. Tissue, L. Lu, and W. M. Yen, J. Lumin. 45, 20 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. J. van der Zaag, B. C. Schokker, Th. Schmidt, R. M. Macfarlane, and S. Volker, J. Lumin. 45, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Wei, K. Holliday, A. J. Meixner, M. C. Croci, and U. P. Wild, J. Lumin. 50, 89 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Narasimhan, K. A. Littau, Y. S. Bai, D. W. Pack, A. Elschner, and M. D. Fayer, J. Lumin. 45, 49 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Brocklesby, B. Golding, and J. R. Simpson, J. Lumin. 45, 54 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Meltzer, J. Ganem, Y. P. Wang, D. Boyce, W. M. Yen, D. P. Landau, R. Wannemacher, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Lumin. 53, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (3)

R. M. Macfarlane and R. M. Shelby, Opt. Commun. 39, 169 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, J. M. Zhang, and T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Commun. 75, 29 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, T. Okunao, H. Yugami, M. Ishigame, and T. Suemoto, Opt. Commun. 86, 45 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

P. W. Anderson, B. I. Halperin, and C. M. Varma, Philos. Mag. 25, 1 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

G. P. Flinn, K. W. Ganem, M. L. Jones, R. S. Meltzev, and R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. B 49, 5821 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbit, A. Lezama, and T. W. Mossberg, Phys. Rev. B 39, 1987 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Szabo and R. Kaali, Phys. Rev. B 44, 12307 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Hegarty, M. M. Broer, B. Golding, J. R. Simpson, and J. B. MacChesney, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2033 (1983).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of experimental setup. A.O.’s, acousto-optic modulators; E.O., electro-optic modulator; B.S.’s, beam splitters; preamp, preamplifiers; amp, amplifier; H.P., Hewlett-Packard; D.B., double-balanced; Freq, frequency. (b) Light and rf pulse sequence.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical hole-burning spectrum in Y2O3:Eu3+, flame-fusion sample with 0.3% Eu3+ at a temperature of 2.8 K. The hole was burned with a 100-μW (~250-mW/cm2) pulse, 2 ms long. The sidebands were swept at a rate of 5 kHz/ms. The delay between burning the hole and reading it was approximately 10 ms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature dependence of the optical hole width for Y2O3:Eu3+, 0.3% (flame fusion). The hole width predicted from the photon-echo results in Ref. 16 is shown by the solid curve, which shows the T7 behavior associated with a two-phonon Raman process.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical hole-burning spectrums in Y2O3:Eu3+ 0.14%, grown by laser-heated pedestal growth (fiber F5) at a temperature of 2.8 K. The two spectra were taken with different delays between burning the hole and reading it; the top trace had a delay of 3 ms, the bottom a 1-s delay.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Homogeneous linewidth as a function of the delay between burning and reading the hole. The results are for fiber F5 and were taken at 2.8 K. The line drawn through the data suggests that Γhole ∝ (delay time)1/3.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Properties of Y2O3:Eu3+ Samples

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of Homogeneous Linewidths of Y2O3:Eu3+ Determined by Photon Echo and Optical Hole Burning

Metrics