Abstract

Tuning of both the pump laser, a Ho:Tm:YLF laser operating on the 5I75I8 transition, and an AgGaSe2 parametric oscillator has been demonstrated. Tuning of the Ho:Tm:YLF laser is complicated but not frustrated by the existence of both CO2 and H2O lines in the vicinity of the laser transition. Tuning of the parametric oscillator was achieved by tuning of the pump laser. Injection seeding of the parametric oscillator on the nonresonant signal was also demonstrated. In addition, the measured efficiencies of the parametric oscillator were compared for two different methods, measuring the parametric-oscillator output energy and measuring the energy depleted from the pump. By comparison of these measurements, the intrinsic efficiency of the parametric oscillator can be determined.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. G. Jani, R. C. Powell, B. Jassemnejad, and R. Stolzen-berger, "Pump wavelength tuning of a near-infrared optical parametric oscillator," Appl. Opt. 31, 1998–2000 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and C. E. Hamilton, "Single frequency optical parametric oscillators," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CTUL5.
  4. N. P. Barnes, G. H. Watson, and K. E. Murray, "Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator," Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.
  5. N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Erbel and H. P. Jenssen, Tunable Ho+3:YLF laser at 2.06 µm," Appl. Opt. 19, 1729–1730 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.
  9. G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, "2 µm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator with contin-uous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 µm," presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1990 (Los Angeles, Calif., 1990).
  10. S. L. Bowman, J. G. Lynn, S. K. Sereles, B. J. Feldman, J. McMahon, W. Whitney, D. Epp, G. J. Quarles, and K. J. Riley, "High-average-power operation of a Q-switched diode-pumped holmium laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1724–1726 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and K. L. Schepler, "Kilohertz AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 2 µm," Opt. Lett. 18, 1068–1070 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.
  13. N. P. Barnes and V. J. Corcoran, "Acceptance angles and spectral bandwidths of nonlinear interactions," Appl. Opt. 15, 696–699 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1976 (1)

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes and V. J. Corcoran, "Acceptance angles and spectral bandwidths of nonlinear interactions," Appl. Opt. 15, 696–699 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. P. Barnes, G. H. Watson, and K. E. Murray, "Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator," Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.

Boichenko, V. L.

V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and C. E. Hamilton, "Single frequency optical parametric oscillators," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CTUL5.

Bowman, S. L.

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and K. L. Schepler, "Kilohertz AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 2 µm," Opt. Lett. 18, 1068–1070 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and K. L. Schepler, "Kilohertz AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 2 µm," Opt. Lett. 18, 1068–1070 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

Corcoran, V. J.

Eckhardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Epp, D.

Erbel, A.

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, "2 µm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator with contin-uous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 µm," presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1990 (Los Angeles, Calif., 1990).

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, B. J.

Gettemy, D. J.

N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Griggs, J. E.

N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Guyer, D. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and C. E. Hamilton, "Single frequency optical parametric oscillators," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CTUL5.

Hamilton, C. E.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and C. E. Hamilton, "Single frequency optical parametric oscillators," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CTUL5.

Hietanen, J. R.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.

Ian-nini, R. A.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.

Jani, M. G.

Jassemnejad, B.

Jenssen, H. P.

Kholodnykh, A. I.

V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Knights, M. G.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and K. L. Schepler, "Kilohertz AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator pumped at 2 µm," Opt. Lett. 18, 1068–1070 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

Levenos, N. J.

N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lynn, J. G.

Marquardt, C. L.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, "2 µm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator with contin-uous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 µm," presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1990 (Los Angeles, Calif., 1990).

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

McMahon, J.

Murray, K. E.

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.

N. P. Barnes, G. H. Watson, and K. E. Murray, "Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator," Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

Novikov, M. M.

V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

Powell, R. C.

Quarles, G. J.

S. L. Bowman, J. G. Lynn, S. K. Sereles, B. J. Feldman, J. McMahon, W. Whitney, D. Epp, G. J. Quarles, and K. J. Riley, "High-average-power operation of a Q-switched diode-pumped holmium laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1724–1726 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, "2 µm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator with contin-uous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 µm," presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1990 (Los Angeles, Calif., 1990).

Riley, K. J.

Schepler, K. L.

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

Sereles, S. K.

Stolzen-berger, R.

Storm, M. E.

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Watson, G. H.

N. P. Barnes, G. H. Watson, and K. E. Murray, "Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator," Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

Whitney, W.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. C. Eckhardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, "Broadly tunable infrared parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–610 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. L. Boichenko, M. M. Novikov, and A. I. Kholodnykh, "Improvement in the output characteristics of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator on injection of an external signal into an extracavity wave," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 392–393 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and C. E. Hamilton, "Single frequency optical parametric oscillators," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CTUL5.

N. P. Barnes, G. H. Watson, and K. E. Murray, "Injection seeded optical parametric oscillator," Advanced Solid State Lasers, L. L. Chase and A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 356–360.

N. P. Barnes, D. J. Gettemy, N. J. Levenos, and J. E. Griggs, "TEM00 mode Ho:YLF Laser," in Los Alamos Conference on Optics '79 (Los Alamos), D. H. Liebenberg, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 190, 297–304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, J. R. Hietanen, and R. A. Ian-nini, "Er:YLF Pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 6 of OSA Proceedings Series, H. P. Jenssen and G. Dube, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), pp. 322–328.

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, "2 µm-pumped AgGaSe2 optical parametric oscillator with contin-uous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 µm," presented at the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1990 (Los Angeles, Calif., 1990).

P. G. Schunemann, P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollak, E. P. Chicklis, and C. L. Marquardt, "Recent advances in ZnGeP2 mid-IR optical parametric oscillators," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds. (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 166–168.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement. HR 5.0 MRC, highly reflecting 5.0-m radius-of-curvature mirror; A-O, acousto-optic modulator; PEM Det.’s, pyroelectric energy meter detectors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ho:Tm:YLF laser output energy versus optical pump energy from laser diodes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured tuning curve of Ho:Tm:YLF laser, showing atmospheric absorption features and the expected étalon tuning curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Parametric-oscillator output energy versus pump energy (unseeded).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Correlation of the parametric oscillator output energy with the energy depleted from the pump energy.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Unseeded and seeded relative output from the parametric oscillator.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured and observed wavelength of the signal versus the pump wavelength. The results of the detailed phase-matching calculations rather than the linear approximation are shown.

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