Abstract

Spectrotemporal dynamics and the sensitivity limit of intracavity absorption in the case of a Ti: sapphire laser during buildup and relaxation oscillations are investigated. Both theoretical and experimental approaches confirm that the generation time, a crucial parameter in an intracavity absorption experiment, must be modified. During the transient period relaxation oscillations appear to have no effect on the regular linear growth of the absorption. The birefringence limits the sensitivity of the detection to an absorption coefficient of the order of 10−8 cm−1. A special cut of the crystal is suggested to overcome this technical limitation. It is shown that the ultimate limitation, imposed by spontaneous emission, promises a very high sensitivity, equivalent to an absorption path length of several hundred thousand kilometers. An example of the absorption of the 42 stretch band of CHD3 is presented.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  26. A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).
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    [Crossref]
  28. M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).
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  30. C. Pan, J. Kuo, C. Hwang, J. Shieh, Y. Lai, C. Chang, and K. Wu, “Buildup dynamics of the spectrum and the average output power of a homogeneously broadened continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 994–996 (1992).
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    [Crossref]
  32. V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  33. A. L. Bloom, “Modes of a laser resonator containing tilted birefringent plates,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 447–452 (1974).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. V. Baev, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii Prospekt 53, 117924 Moscow, Russia (personal communication).
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    [Crossref]
  37. V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Strong dependence of mutlimode laser generation spectrum on spatial localisation of gain and losses,” Opt. Commun. 41, 126–130 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  38. E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  39. B. Ya. Zel’dovich and T. I. Kuznetsova, “Generation of ultrashort light pulses by means of lasers,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 25–44 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  40. R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).
  41. V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  42. E. H. van Veen and M. T. C. de Loos-Vollebregt, “Kalman filtering for data reduction in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 63, 1441–1448 (1991).
    [Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (3)

1991 (4)

S. A. Kovalenko, S. P. Semin, and D. D. Toptygin, “Influence of the Raman mode interaction on the laser kinetics of a wide-band ring laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 407–411 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, “Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 820–822 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. H. van Veen and M. T. C. de Loos-Vollebregt, “Kalman filtering for data reduction in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 63, 1441–1448 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (3)

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
[Crossref]

A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).

1989 (2)

M. Beck, I. McMackin, and M. Raymer, “Transition from quantum noise-driven dynamics to deterministic dynamics in a multimode laser,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 2410–2416 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and I. K. Pashkovich, “Quantum threshold of the sensitivity of an intracavity traveling-wave laser spectrometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 95–98 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and V. M. Baev, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 142–153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

P. F. Moulton, “Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Ti:Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125–132 (1986).
[Crossref]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and C. R. Vidal, “Mode correlation times and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 1052–1059 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Strong dependence of mutlimode laser generation spectrum on spatial localisation of gain and losses,” Opt. Commun. 41, 126–130 (1982).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (3)

F. Stoeckel, M.-A. Melières, and M. Chenevier, “Quantitative measurements of very weak H2O absorption lines by time resolved intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2191–2196 (1981).
[Crossref]

S. A. Kovalenko, “Quantum intensity fluctuations in multimode cw lasers and maximum sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 759–762 (1981).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Quantum noise in intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 34, 397–403 (1980).
[Crossref]

1978 (2)

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

I. J. Hodgkinson and J. I. Vucusic, “Birefringent filters for tuning flashlamp-pumped dye lasers: simplified theory and design,” Appl. Opt. 17, 1944–1948 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1975 (1)

E. N. Antonov, V. G. Koloshnikov, and V. R. Mironenko, “Quantitative measurement of small absorption coefficients in intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a cw dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 15, 99–103 (1975).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

1972 (2)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and T. I. Kuznetsova, “Generation of ultrashort light pulses by means of lasers,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 25–44 (1972).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, A. L. Schawlow, and P. E. Toschek, “Ultra-sensitive response of a cw dye laser to selective extinction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 802–804 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (1)

1970 (1)

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

1967 (1)

R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).

1965 (1)

W. R. Sooy, “The natural selection of modes in a passive Q-switched laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 36–37 (1965).
[Crossref]

Ajvasjan, Yu. M.

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ambartsumian, R. V.

R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).

Antonov, E. N.

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, V. G. Koloshnikov, and V. R. Mironenko, “Quantitative measurement of small absorption coefficients in intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a cw dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 15, 99–103 (1975).
[Crossref]

Antsiferov, P. S.

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

Atkinson, G. H.

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[Crossref]

Atmanspacher, H.

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and V. M. Baev, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 142–153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and C. R. Vidal, “Mode correlation times and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 1052–1059 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baev, V.

V. Baev, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii Prospekt 53, 117924 Moscow, Russia (personal communication).

Baev, V. M.

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and V. M. Baev, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 142–153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

V. M. Baev and P. E. Toschek, “Sensitivity limits of laser intracavity spectroscopy,” in Optical Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry, H. Schiff and U. Platt, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1715, 381–392 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bass, A. M.

Beck, M.

M. Beck, I. McMackin, and M. Raymer, “Transition from quantum noise-driven dynamics to deterministic dynamics in a multimode laser,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 2410–2416 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belikova, T. P.

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

Bevington, P. R.

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969).

Bloom, A. L.

Boller, K.-J.

Braun, W.

Bryukov, M. G.

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

Campargue, A.

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).

Chang, C.

Charvat, A.

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chenevier, M.

A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).

F. Stoeckel, M.-A. Melières, and M. Chenevier, “Quantitative measurements of very weak H2O absorption lines by time resolved intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2191–2196 (1981).
[Crossref]

Churilov, S. S.

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

de Loos-Vollebregt, M. T. C.

E. H. van Veen and M. T. C. de Loos-Vollebregt, “Kalman filtering for data reduction in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 63, 1441–1448 (1991).
[Crossref]

Eschner, J.

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
[Crossref]

Gaida, G.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

Gilmore, D. A.

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, A. L. Schawlow, and P. E. Toschek, “Ultra-sensitive response of a cw dye laser to selective extinction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 802–804 (1972).
[Crossref]

Hodgkinson, I. J.

Hwang, C.

Ivanov, V. V.

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kachanov, A. A.

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and I. K. Pashkovich, “Quantum threshold of the sensitivity of an intracavity traveling-wave laser spectrometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 95–98 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

Keller, R. A.

Koloshnikov, V. G.

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, V. G. Koloshnikov, and V. R. Mironenko, “Quantitative measurement of small absorption coefficients in intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a cw dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 15, 99–103 (1975).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, S. A.

S. A. Kovalenko, S. P. Semin, and D. D. Toptygin, “Influence of the Raman mode interaction on the laser kinetics of a wide-band ring laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 407–411 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

S. A. Kovalenko, “Quantum intensity fluctuations in multimode cw lasers and maximum sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 759–762 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kryukov, P. G.

R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).

Kuo, J.

Kurilo, M. J.

Kuznetsova, T. I.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and T. I. Kuznetsova, “Generation of ultrashort light pulses by means of lasers,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 25–44 (1972).
[Crossref]

Lai, Y.

Letokhov, V. S.

R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).

Long, M.

McMackin, I.

M. Beck, I. McMackin, and M. Raymer, “Transition from quantum noise-driven dynamics to deterministic dynamics in a multimode laser,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 2410–2416 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melières, M.-A.

F. Stoeckel, M.-A. Melières, and M. Chenevier, “Quantitative measurements of very weak H2O absorption lines by time resolved intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2191–2196 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mironenko, V. R.

A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and I. K. Pashkovich, “Quantum threshold of the sensitivity of an intracavity traveling-wave laser spectrometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 95–98 (1989).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Strong dependence of mutlimode laser generation spectrum on spatial localisation of gain and losses,” Opt. Commun. 41, 126–130 (1982).
[Crossref]

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Quantum noise in intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 34, 397–403 (1980).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, V. G. Koloshnikov, and V. R. Mironenko, “Quantitative measurement of small absorption coefficients in intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a cw dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 15, 99–103 (1975).
[Crossref]

Morris, R. C.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, “Spectroscopic and laser characteristics of Ti:Al2O3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 125–132 (1986).
[Crossref]

P. F. Moulton, “Tunable paramagnetic-ion lasers,” in Laser Handbook, M. Bass and M. L. Stitch, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), Vol. 5, pp. 203–288.

Myers, J. F.

Pakhomycheva, L. A.

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

Pan, C.

Panov, S. I.

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

Pashkovich, I. K.

A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and I. K. Pashkovich, “Quantum threshold of the sensitivity of an intracavity traveling-wave laser spectrometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 95–98 (1989).
[Crossref]

Permogorov, D.

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

Peterson, N. C.

Plakhotnik, T. V.

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

Raymer, M.

M. Beck, I. McMackin, and M. Raymer, “Transition from quantum noise-driven dynamics to deterministic dynamics in a multimode laser,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 2410–2416 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenberg, A.

Sarkisov, O. M.

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

Schawlow, A. L.

T. W. Hänsch, A. L. Schawlow, and P. E. Toschek, “Ultra-sensitive response of a cw dye laser to selective extinction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 802–804 (1972).
[Crossref]

Scheps, R.

R. Scheps, J. F. Myers, H. B. Serreze, A. Rosenberg, R. C. Morris, and M. Long, “Diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 820–822 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Scheps, “Diode-pumping of tunable Cr-doped lasers,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1410, 190–194 (1991).
[Crossref]

Schröder, H.

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

Semin, S. P.

S. A. Kovalenko, S. P. Semin, and D. D. Toptygin, “Influence of the Raman mode interaction on the laser kinetics of a wide-band ring laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 407–411 (1991).
[Crossref]

Serreze, H. B.

Sheingraber, H.

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and V. M. Baev, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 142–153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and C. R. Vidal, “Mode correlation times and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 1052–1059 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shieh, J.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 502–505.

Sierks, J.

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sooy, W. R.

W. R. Sooy, “The natural selection of modes in a passive Q-switched laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 36–37 (1965).
[Crossref]

Stoeckel, F.

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).

F. Stoeckel, M.-A. Melières, and M. Chenevier, “Quantitative measurements of very weak H2O absorption lines by time resolved intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2191–2196 (1981).
[Crossref]

Suchkov, A. F.

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

A. F. Suchkov, “Linear structure of the generation spectra of a laser with inhomogeneously broadened gain line,” preprint Fiz. Inst. Acad. Nauk126, 1–13 (1970).

Svelto, O.

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Plenum, New York, 1989), pp. 465–470.

Sviridenkov, E. A.

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

Sviridenkov, S. A.

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

Titova, L. V.

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

Toptygin, D. D.

S. A. Kovalenko, S. P. Semin, and D. D. Toptygin, “Influence of the Raman mode interaction on the laser kinetics of a wide-band ring laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 407–411 (1991).
[Crossref]

Toschek, P. E.

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

T. W. Hänsch, A. L. Schawlow, and P. E. Toschek, “Ultra-sensitive response of a cw dye laser to selective extinction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 802–804 (1972).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev and P. E. Toschek, “Sensitivity limits of laser intracavity spectroscopy,” in Optical Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry, H. Schiff and U. Platt, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1715, 381–392 (1992).
[Crossref]

van Veen, E. H.

E. H. van Veen and M. T. C. de Loos-Vollebregt, “Kalman filtering for data reduction in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 63, 1441–1448 (1991).
[Crossref]

Vidal, C. R.

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and C. R. Vidal, “Mode correlation times and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 1052–1059 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vucusic, J. I.

Vujkovic Cvijin, P.

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[Crossref]

Weiler, A.

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, K.-J. Boller, J. Eschner, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Dynamics of a multimode dye laser after light injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2181–2186 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Yudson, V. I.

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Strong dependence of mutlimode laser generation spectrum on spatial localisation of gain and losses,” Opt. Commun. 41, 126–130 (1982).
[Crossref]

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Quantum noise in intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 34, 397–403 (1980).
[Crossref]

Zel’dovich, B. Ya.

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and T. I. Kuznetsova, “Generation of ultrashort light pulses by means of lasers,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 25–44 (1972).
[Crossref]

Anal. Chem. (1)

E. H. van Veen and M. T. C. de Loos-Vollebregt, “Kalman filtering for data reduction in inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem. 63, 1441–1448 (1991).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. R. Sooy, “The natural selection of modes in a passive Q-switched laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7, 36–37 (1965).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Charvat, A. A. Kachanov, A. Campargue, D. Permogorov, and F. Stoeckel, “High sensitivity intracavity absorption spectroscopy of CHD3in the near infrared with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 214, 495–501 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, A. L. Schawlow, and P. E. Toschek, “Ultra-sensitive response of a cw dye laser to selective extinction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 802–804 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Stoeckel, M.-A. Melières, and M. Chenevier, “Quantitative measurements of very weak H2O absorption lines by time resolved intracavity laser spectroscopy,” J. Chem. Phys. 76, 2191–2196 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. IV (Paris) (1)

M. G. Bryukov, A. A. Kachanov, S. I. Panov, and O. M. Sarkisov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy of elementary processes based on a cw ring dye laser,” J. Phys. IV (Paris), C7-485–C7-488 (1991).

JETP Lett. (1)

L. A. Pakhomycheva, E. A. Sviridenkov, A. F. Suchkov, L. V. Titova, and S. S. Churilov, “Line structure of generation spectra of lasers with inhomogeneous broadening of the amplification line,” JETP Lett. 12, 43–45 (1970).

Opt. Commun. (8)

D. A. Gilmore, P. Vujkovic Cvijin, and G. H. Atkinson, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy with a titanium:sapphire laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 385–389 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Quantum noise in intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 34, 397–403 (1980).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, V. G. Koloshnikov, and V. R. Mironenko, “Quantitative measurement of small absorption coefficients in intracavity absorption spectroscopy using a cw dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 15, 99–103 (1975).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, G. Gaida, H. Schröder, and P. E. Toschek, “Quantum fluctuations of a multi-mode laser oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 38, 309–313 (1981).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and T. V. Plakhotnik, “Dependence of the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectrometer on generation parameters,” Opt. Commun. 46, 126–130 (1983).
[Crossref]

V. R. Mironenko and V. I. Yudson, “Strong dependence of mutlimode laser generation spectrum on spatial localisation of gain and losses,” Opt. Commun. 41, 126–130 (1982).
[Crossref]

E. N. Antonov, P. S. Antsiferov, A. A. Kachanov, and V. G. Koloshnikov, “Parasitic selection in intracavity laser detection spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 41, 131–134 (1982).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev, J. Eschner, J. Sierks, A. Weiler, and P. E. Toschek, “Regular dynamics of a multimode dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 94, 189–192 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and C. R. Vidal, “Mode correlation times and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 1052–1059 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Beck, I. McMackin, and M. Raymer, “Transition from quantum noise-driven dynamics to deterministic dynamics in a multimode laser,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 2410–2416 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Atmanspacher, H. Sheingraber, and V. M. Baev, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering and dynamical instabilities in a multimode cw dye laser,” Phys. Rev. A 35, 142–153 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. A. Kovalenko, S. P. Semin, and D. D. Toptygin, “Influence of the Raman mode interaction on the laser kinetics of a wide-band ring laser,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 407–411 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Ajvasjan, V. M. Baev, V. V. Ivanov, S. A. Kovalenko, and S. A. Sviridenkov, “Kinetics of emission spectra of multimode lasers and its influence on the sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 168–173 (1987).
[Crossref]

S. A. Kovalenko, “Quantum intensity fluctuations in multimode cw lasers and maximum sensitivity of intracavity laser spectroscopy,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 759–762 (1981).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kachanov, V. R. Mironenko, and I. K. Pashkovich, “Quantum threshold of the sensitivity of an intracavity traveling-wave laser spectrometer,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 95–98 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sov. Phys. JETP (2)

V. M. Baev, T. P. Belikova, E. A. Sviridenkov, and A. F. Suchkov, “Intracavity laser spectroscopy with continuously and quasicontinuously operating lasers,” Sov. Phys. JETP 47, 21–29 (1978).

R. V. Ambartsumian, P. G. Kryukov, and V. S. Letokhov, “Dynamics of emission line narrowing for a laser with non-resonant feedback,” Sov. Phys. JETP 24, 1129–1134 (1967).

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

B. Ya. Zel’dovich and T. I. Kuznetsova, “Generation of ultrashort light pulses by means of lasers,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 25–44 (1972).
[Crossref]

Spectrochim. Acta Rev. (1)

A. Campargue, F. Stoeckel, and M. Chenevier, “High sensitivity intracavity laser spectroscopy: applications to the study of overtone transitions in the visible range,” Spectrochim. Acta Rev. 13, 69–88 (1990).

Other (8)

P. R. Bevington, Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969).

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Plenum, New York, 1989), pp. 465–470.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), pp. 502–505.

A. F. Suchkov, “Linear structure of the generation spectra of a laser with inhomogeneously broadened gain line,” preprint Fiz. Inst. Acad. Nauk126, 1–13 (1970).

P. F. Moulton, “Tunable paramagnetic-ion lasers,” in Laser Handbook, M. Bass and M. L. Stitch, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1985), Vol. 5, pp. 203–288.

R. Scheps, “Diode-pumping of tunable Cr-doped lasers,” in Solid State Lasers II, G. Dube, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1410, 190–194 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Baev and P. E. Toschek, “Sensitivity limits of laser intracavity spectroscopy,” in Optical Methods in Atmospheric Chemistry, H. Schiff and U. Platt, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1715, 381–392 (1992).
[Crossref]

V. Baev, P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii Prospekt 53, 117924 Moscow, Russia (personal communication).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral dependence of the losses induced by the birefringence of the Ti:sapphire crystal for the linear four-mirror cavity. The cavity also contains two glass cell windows. The windows are misaligned by an angle φw = 1° with respect to the cavity plane. Curves are given for four values of the compensating misalignment angle φc of the c axis of the crystal with respect to the cavity plane. Curves: a, φc = 0.2°; b, φc = 0°; c, φc = −0.7°; d, φc = −1.1°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplitude of the birefringence-induced loss (peak to peak) versus the crystal misalignment angle φc. Arrows a, b, c, and d indicate positions corresponding to curves a, b, c, and d in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental values of the absorption for atmospheric-water vapor lines normalized to the absorption for tg = 40 μs, together with the time dependence of the total intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as Fig. 3 but produced by the numerical solution of the Eqs. (2.1). Shown additionally is the time dependence of the population inversion, normalized to its threshold value. One can see that the offset time tth is close to the time needed to reach the threshold value of the population inversion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Part of the 42 band of CHD3 obtained with the Ti:sapphire intracavity laser absorption spectrometer. The pressure of the CHD3 is 10 Torr, and the equivalent path length here is only ~3000 m.

Equations (21)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

M ˙ q = - γ M q + B q N ( M q + 1 ) - α q c M q ,
N ˙ = P - A N - N q B q M q ,
B q = B 0 [ 1 + ( q - q 0 ) 2 / Q 2 ] - 1 .
M q ( t g ) = M 0 q g g M ˜ exp [ - ( q - q 0 Q ) 2 γ t g ] exp ( - α q c t g )
ln [ M q ( t g ) ] = [ ln ( M 0 q ) + ln ( t g M ˜ ) - ( q - q 0 Q ) 2 γ t g ] - α q c t g ,
M q ( t g ) = M γ t g / π Q exp [ - ( q - q 0 Q ) 2 γ t g ] exp ( - α q c t g ) .
M = q M q = A ( η - 1 ) / B 0 .
M 0 q st = M 0 st / [ 1 + M 0 st ( q - q 0 ) 2 / Q 2 ] ,
M 0 st = M 2 / π 2 Q 2 = A 2 ( η - 1 ) 2 / π 2 Q 2 B 0 2 .
Δ q st = Q / M 0 st = π B 0 Q 2 / A ( η - 1 ) .
M q st = M 0 q st 1 1 + c α q M 0 q st / γ .
τ sp ( q ) M q γ .
τ sp M 0 st γ = ( η - 1 ) 2 π 2 Q 2 B 0 2 τ 2 γ = ( η - 1 ) 2 w 0 4 L 32 σ 0 2 Γ 2 τ 2 c 3 ln [ R - 1 ( 1 - T i ) - 2 ] .
P q ( m q , t ) = 1 M q ( t ) exp [ - m q / M q ( t ) ] ,
ln [ M q ( t g 2 ) ] - ln [ M q ( t g 1 ) ] = [ 1 2 ln ( t g 2 t g 1 ) - ( q - q 0 Q ) 2 γ Δ t ] - α q c Δ t ,
X ^ = [ d 1 ( ref ) P 1 ( 1 ) P 1 ( k - 1 ) d N ( ref ) P N ( 1 ) P N ( k - 1 ) ] .
a = ( X ^ T · X ^ ) - 1 · X ^ T · Y .
a i = a ˜ i ± 2 Θ i i ,
Θ = σ ˜ 2 ( X ^ T · X ^ ) - 1 ,             σ ˜ 2 = ( N - k ) - 1 ( T · ) .
Δ σ = 1 / ( l n e - n 0 ) .
T osc 2 π ( τ τ c η - 1 ) 1 / 2 = 8.34 μ s , τ osc 2 τ η = 4.57 μ s , t p τ c η - 1 ln ( I / I sp ) = 12.7 μ s ,

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