Abstract

We have used a high-finesse cavity to measure the cw intensity dependence and dynamics of blue-light-induced infrared absorption (BLIIRA) in KNbO3 crystals for blue-light intensities between 7 × 10−4 and 2 × 104 W/cm2. We discuss the detrimental effects of BLIIRA on the efficiency of intracavity frequency doubling and the threshold for parametric oscillation.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Günter and F. Micheron, "Photorefractive effects and pho-tocurrents in KNbO3:Fe," Ferroelectrics 18, 27–38 (1978). See also P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Bammert, J. Hoffhagle, and P. Günter, "High-efficiency intracavity frequency doubling of a Styryl-9 dye laser with KNbO3 crystals," Appl. Opt. 24, 1299–1301 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.
  6. E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with potassium niobate in an external cavity," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electrooptics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143–146 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with KNbO3 in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 16, 1400–1402 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light induced absorption," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK6.
  9. E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Jermann and E. Krätzig, "Charge transport processes in LiNbO3:Fe at high intensity laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 55, 113–118 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Ye, A. Blouin, C. Demers, M.-M. D. Roberge, and X. Wu, "Picosecond photoinduced absorption in photorefractive BaTiO3," Opt. Lett. 16, 980–982 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Buse and E. Krtzig, "Light-induced absorption in BaTiO3 and KNbO3 generated with high intensity laser pulses," Opt. Mat. 1, 165–170 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Motes and J. J. Kim, "Intensity-dependent absorption coefficient in photorefractive BaTiO3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 1379–1381 (1987); A. Motes, G. Brost, J. Rotgé, and J. J. Kim, "Temporal behavior of the intensity-dependent absorption in photorefractive BaTiO3," Opt. Lett. 13, 509–511 (1988); G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotgé, "Intensity-dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1879–1885 (1988); L. Holtmann, "A model for the nonlinear photoconductivity of BaTiO3," Phys. Status Solidi A 113, K89–K93 (1989); L. Holtmann, M. Unland, E. Krätzig, and G. Godefroy, "Conductivity and light-induced absorption in BaTiO3," Appl. Phys. A 51, 13–17 (1990); R. S. Cudney, R. M. Pierce, G. D. Bacher, and J. Feinberg, "Absorption gratings in photorefractive crystals with multiple levels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1326–1332 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Street and J. C. Woolley, "A study of magnetic viscosity," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 62, 562–572 (1949); M. Földéaki, L. Köszegi, and R. A. Dunlap, "Time-dependent magnetic response in solids: phenomenology and physical background," Philos. Mag. B 63, 1101–1117 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (3)

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Jermann and E. Krätzig, "Charge transport processes in LiNbO3:Fe at high intensity laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 55, 113–118 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse and E. Krtzig, "Light-induced absorption in BaTiO3 and KNbO3 generated with high intensity laser pulses," Opt. Mat. 1, 165–170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with KNbO3 in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 16, 1400–1402 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Ye, A. Blouin, C. Demers, M.-M. D. Roberge, and X. Wu, "Picosecond photoinduced absorption in photorefractive BaTiO3," Opt. Lett. 16, 980–982 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1949 (1)

R. Street and J. C. Woolley, "A study of magnetic viscosity," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 62, 562–572 (1949); M. Földéaki, L. Köszegi, and R. A. Dunlap, "Time-dependent magnetic response in solids: phenomenology and physical background," Philos. Mag. B 63, 1101–1117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bammert, J. C.

Blouin, A.

Bona, G. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

K. Buse and E. Krtzig, "Light-induced absorption in BaTiO3 and KNbO3 generated with high intensity laser pulses," Opt. Mat. 1, 165–170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Carri, J.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carruthers, T. F.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.

Chun, M. K.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.

Demers, C.

Drever, R. W.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Duling III, I. N.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.

Dziedzic, T. M.

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fay, W.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.

Groll, A.

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Günter, P.

J. C. Bammert, J. Hoffhagle, and P. Günter, "High-efficiency intracavity frequency doubling of a Styryl-9 dye laser with KNbO3 crystals," Appl. Opt. 24, 1299–1301 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. Günter and F. Micheron, "Photorefractive effects and pho-tocurrents in KNbO3:Fe," Ferroelectrics 18, 27–38 (1978). See also P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1988).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hesse, H.

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hoffhagle, J.

Holtmann, L.

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jani, M. G.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jassemnejad, B.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jermann, F.

F. Jermann and E. Krätzig, "Charge transport processes in LiNbO3:Fe at high intensity laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 55, 113–118 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. J.

Kimble, H. J.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with KNbO3 in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 16, 1400–1402 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light induced absorption," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK6.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with potassium niobate in an external cavity," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electrooptics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Krätzig, E.

K. Buse and E. Krtzig, "Light-induced absorption in BaTiO3 and KNbO3 generated with high intensity laser pulses," Opt. Mat. 1, 165–170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. Jermann and E. Krätzig, "Charge transport processes in LiNbO3:Fe at high intensity laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 55, 113–118 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kuper, G.

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Latta, E. E.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mabuchi, H.

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light induced absorption," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK6.

Micheron, F.

P. Günter and F. Micheron, "Photorefractive effects and pho-tocurrents in KNbO3:Fe," Ferroelectrics 18, 27–38 (1978). See also P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1988).
[CrossRef]

Mizell, G. J.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moser, A.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Motes, A.

Munley, A. G.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with KNbO3 in an external cavity," Opt. Lett. 16, 1400–1402 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light induced absorption," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK6.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with potassium niobate in an external cavity," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electrooptics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, R. J.

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Roberge, M.-M. D.

Street, R.

R. Street and J. C. Woolley, "A study of magnetic viscosity," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 62, 562–572 (1949); M. Földéaki, L. Köszegi, and R. A. Dunlap, "Time-dependent magnetic response in solids: phenomenology and physical background," Philos. Mag. B 63, 1101–1117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Woolley, J. C.

R. Street and J. C. Woolley, "A study of magnetic viscosity," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 62, 562–572 (1949); M. Földéaki, L. Köszegi, and R. A. Dunlap, "Time-dependent magnetic response in solids: phenomenology and physical background," Philos. Mag. B 63, 1101–1117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Ye, P.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (2)

L. Holtmann, K. Buse, G. Kuper, A. Groll, H. Hesse, and E. Krätzig, "Photoconductivity and light-induced absorption in KNbO3:Fe," Appl. Phys. A 53, 81–86 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Jermann and E. Krätzig, "Charge transport processes in LiNbO3:Fe at high intensity laser pulses," Appl. Phys. A 55, 113–118 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. G. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, "Generation of 41 mW of blue radiation by frequency doubling of a GaAlAs diode-laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291–2292 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, and T. M. Dziedzic, "Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-2, 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mat. (1)

K. Buse and E. Krtzig, "Light-induced absorption in BaTiO3 and KNbO3 generated with high intensity laser pulses," Opt. Mat. 1, 165–170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. J. Reeves, M. G. Jani, B. Jassemnejad, R. C. Powell, G. J. Mizell, and W. Fay, "Photorefractive properties of KNbO3," Phys. Rev. B 43, 71–82 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. S. Polzik, J. Carri, and H. J. Kimble, "Spectroscopy with squeezed light," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020-3023 (1992); "Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit," Appl. Phys. B 55, 279–290 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Phys. Soc. A (1)

R. Street and J. C. Woolley, "A study of magnetic viscosity," Proc. Phys. Soc. A 62, 562–572 (1949); M. Földéaki, L. Köszegi, and R. A. Dunlap, "Time-dependent magnetic response in solids: phenomenology and physical background," Philos. Mag. B 63, 1101–1117 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

P. Günter and F. Micheron, "Photorefractive effects and pho-tocurrents in KNbO3:Fe," Ferroelectrics 18, 27–38 (1978). See also P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1988).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chun, L. Goldberg, I. N. Duling III, and T. F. Carruthers, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), paper CWE2.

E. S. Polzik and H. J. Kimble, "Frequency doubling with potassium niobate in an external cavity," in Inorganic Crystals for Optics, Electrooptics, and Frequency Conversion, P. F. Bordui, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1561, 143–146 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Polzik, H. Mabuchi, and H. J. Kimble, "Optical parametric oscillator with KNbO3 and the process of light induced absorption," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper CThK6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Apparatus used to measure the cw intensity dependence of BLIIRA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Apparatus used to measure the time response of BLIIRA. AOM, acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BLIIRA cw intensity-dependence curves for four different KNbO3 crystals. We denote αIR(IBlue) the BLIIRA as a function of blue-light intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Anomalous temperature dependence of BLIIRA in one KNbO3 sample.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plots showing the cw intensity dependence of BLIIRA in our best crystal on (a) log–lin and (b) log–log scales.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Curves showing the cw intensity dependence of BLIIRA at IR wavelengths of 860 and 880 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Induced dip in IR transmission through the KNbO3 ring cavity when the crystal is illuminated by 15-kW/cm2 blue pulses (1-ms duration, 0.5-Hz repetition rate). The upper trace (i shows the intensity of IR light reaching the detector as a function of time, and the lower trace (ii) shows the envelope of the blue pulse.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Same as Fig. 7 but for blue pulses with peak intensity 7 kW/m2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Nonexponential recovery of IR transmission after a KNbO3 crystal is illuminated with a pulse of blue light (intensity, 12 kW/cm2, duration, 100 ms; repetition rate, 0.5 Hz). This plot shows the level of IR power arriving at the detector D as a function of time (see Fig. 2) as well as the best-fit exponential and logarithmic curves. The point t = 0 on the x axis corresponds to the trailing edge of the blue pulse.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Level diagram for the two-center charge-transport model of BLIIRA.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Schematic of the BLIIRA process (see text).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Proposed modification to the two-center charge-transport model involving the addition of a third, very shallow trapping center.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of KNbO3 Crystal Parameters

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

= P 2 / P 1 = [ x + ( x 2 + 1 ) 1 / 2 ] - 2 .

Metrics