Abstract

The operating characteristics of a pulsed β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator, pumped at 355 nm by a single-mode Nd:YAG laser, are described. This device operates with high conversion efficiency (up to 61%) and high output energy (>100 mJ) over most of its wide tuning range (0.41–2.7 μm). Continuous narrow-band tuning over as wide a range as 140 cm−1 is achieved by injection seeding with light from a tunable pulsed dye laser. The spectroscopic potential of this narrow-band β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator is demonstrated by recording photoacoustic spectra of acetylene gas in the near-infrared spectral range.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Part B, pp. 587–702.
  2. C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).
  3. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).
  5. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-barium borate crystal pumped by an XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 368.
  19. J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of barium borate: a new source for powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared,” J. E. Parks and N. Omenetto, eds., Vol. 114 of Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990), 359–364.
  21. D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  22. F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.
  24. A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.
  25. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Spectroscopic and nonlinear-optical applications of a tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1765 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).
  28. D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. J. Johnson, J. G. Haub, H.-D. Barth, and B. J. Orr, “OPO CARS: rotationally resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy using a tunable optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 441 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy in an optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 562; “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).
  31. E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  32. M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  34. B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  35. L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, and R. L. Burnham, “Diode-pumped eye-safe laser source exceeding 1% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1680 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1992 (4)

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (8)

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, and M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, and R. L. Burnham, “Diode-pumped eye-safe laser source exceeding 1% efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1680 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

1990 (2)

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-barium borate crystal pumped by an XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

1979 (2)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Aidong, J.

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Baichang, W.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Barth, H.-D.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bochang, W.

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Boller, K.-J.

K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy in an optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 562; “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).

Borsutzky, A.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 368.

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brüggemann, D.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brünger, R.

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. L.

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Part B, pp. 587–702.

Cassedy, E. S.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chuangtian, C.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Cui, Y.

Danielmeyer, H. G.

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Daoqun, D.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M.

Dunn, M. H.

Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, and J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Feldbausch, R.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

Fix, A.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of barium borate: a new source for powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared,” J. E. Parks and N. Omenetto, eds., Vol. 114 of Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990), 359–364.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

Gierulski, A.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Guiming, Y.

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Guyer, D. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 368.

Hamilton, C. E.

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

Haub, J. G.

Henderson, A.

Henderson, A. J.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Herman, M.

M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hertzberg, J.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Herziger, G.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hovde, D. C.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huet, T. R.

M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huisken, F.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

Jain, M.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A. D.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M. J.

Kasinski, J.

Knoche, K.-F.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kolenbrander, K.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Kulcke, A.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lane, R. J.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Laush, C.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, K. K.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lisy, J. M.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, L. R.

Michael, D. W.

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moody, S. E.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 368.

Naarmann, H.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

Noll, R.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Norrie, C. J.

Orr, B. J.

Pelouch, W. S.

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, G.

Schröder, T.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of barium borate: a new source for powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared,” J. E. Parks and N. Omenetto, eds., Vol. 114 of Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990), 359–364.

K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy in an optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 562; “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).

Schrof, W.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

Scoles, G.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sinclair, B. D.

Tang, C. L.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Terry, J. A. C.

Ticktin, A.

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

Timmermans, J. H.

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tino, G. M.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

Ukachi, T.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vervloet, M.

M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Voelkel, D.

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of barium borate: a new source for powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared,” J. E. Parks and N. Omenetto, eds., Vol. 114 of Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990), 359–364.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

Wanhua, Z.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Waschke, Y.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wies, B.

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, L.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xie, F.

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yunping, W.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zuyan, X.

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

D. Brüggemann, J. Hertzberg, B. Wies, Y. Waschke, R. Noll, K.-F. Knoche, and G. Herziger, “Test of an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) as a compact and fast tunable Stokes source in coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS),” Appl. Phys. B 55, 378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Borsutzky, R. Brünger, and R. Wallenstein, “Tunable UV radiation at short wavelengths (188-240 nm) generated by sum-frequency mixing in lithium borate,” Appl. Phys. B 52, 380 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

F. Huisken, A. Kulcke, D. Voelkel, C. Laush, and J. M. Lisy, “A new infrared injection-seeded optical parametric oscillator with high energy and narrow bandwidth output,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 805 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, and R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial-mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Chen, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, W. S. Pelouch, and C. L. Tang, “High-efficiency and narrow-linewidth operation of a two-crystal β- BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1952 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg and C. L. Tang, “Type II phase matching in a beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1819 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. Yunping, X. Zuyan, D. Daoqun, Z. Wanhua, L. Xiang, W. Baichang, and C. Chuangtian, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, B. J. Orr, and R. Wallenstein, “Continuously tunable, injection-seeded β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm and H. G. Danielmeyer, “Frequency control of a pulsed optical parametric oscillator by radiation injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 171 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, and M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium borate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106 (1991).

Mol. Phys. (1)

M. Herman, T. R. Huet, and M. Vervloet, “Spectroscopy and vibrational couplings in the 3ν3region of acetylene,” Mol. Phys. 66, 333 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, D. Deng, and Z. Xu, “Generation of tunable coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation in LiB3O5crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 451 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hovde, J. H. Timmermans, G. Scoles, and K. K. Lehmann, “High power injection seeded optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 86, 294 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. IEEE (1)

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

A. Gierulski, H. Naarmann, W. Schrof, and A. Ticktin, “Frequency tunable THG measurements of χ(3)between 1–2.1μ m of organic conjugated polymer films using an optical parametric oscillator (OPO),” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1560, 172 (1991).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. W. Michael, K. Kolenbrander, and J. M. Lisy, “New cavity design for a LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57, 1210 (1986); T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single-mode, LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Sin. Ser. B (1)

C. Chuangtian, W. Bochang, J. Aidong, and Y. Guiming, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal—β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28, 235 (1985).

Other (7)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1986), postdeadline paper ThU4; X. F. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, and A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1, Part B, pp. 587–702.

W. R. Bosenberg, D. R. Guyer, and S. E. Moody, “Single-frequency optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 368.

A. Fix, T. Schröder, and R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of barium borate: a new source for powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and infrared,” J. E. Parks and N. Omenetto, eds., Vol. 114 of Institute of Physics Conference Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1990), 359–364.

K.-J. Boller and T. Schröder, “Intracavity absorption spectroscopy in an optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 562; “Demonstration of broadband intracavity spectroscopy in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator made of β-barium borate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1778 (1993).

C. E. Hamilton and W. R. Bosenberg, “Single-frequency injection-seeded KTP ring cavity optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 370–371.

A. Fix, R. Feldbausch, M. Inguscio, G. M. Tino, and R. Wallenstein, “Injection-seeded single longitudinal mode optical parametric oscillator of beta-barium-borate,” in Eighteenth International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 9 of 1992 Technical Digest Series (Institut für Nachrichtentechnik der TU Wien, Vienna, 1992), p. 528.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Observed signal and idler output energies of a BBO OPO for the whole tuning range (409 nm–2.7 μm). The BBO crystal (7 mm × 7 mm × 15 mm, cut at 30 deg for type-I phase matching) was pumped at 355 nm by an injection-seeded single-mode Nd:YAG laser with an incident pump energy of ~315 mJ/pulse. The three pairs of curves correspond to signal and idler output energies of the three interchangeable sets of mirrors. The curves correlate with variations in the reflectivity of the three mirror sets. The median line indicates the condition for 40% energy conversion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Total (signal + idler) output energy of the BBO OPO at different wavelengths as a function of the 355-nm pump energy. Blue mirrors: λsignal = 484 nm, λidler = 1328 nm; green mirrors: λsignal = 541 nm, λidler = 1030 nm; orange mirrors: λsignal = 615 nm, λidler = 838 nm. The maximum output energies at these wavelengths are 192, 163, and 132 mJ, respectively, corresponding to a measured conversion efficiency of 61%, 52%, and 42%, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Internal quantum efficiency of the BBO OPO, defined as the ratio between the total (signal + idler) OPO energy and the pump energy entering the crystal, versus pump-pulse energy (expressed as the number of times above the oscillation threshold). The maximum achieved efficiencies with the blue, green, and orange mirrors are 74%, 61%, and 53%, respectively. The BBO OPO was operated to as high as 12 times above threshold, limited by the available pump energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Duration of the BBO-OPO pulse versus pump energy (the number of times above oscillation threshold). The duration of the pump pulse is 7 ns. The maximum OPO-pulse length reaches 6.5 ns when the BBO OPO is operated at more than four times above threshold.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Total (signal + idler) output energy of the BBO OPO as a function of pump energy when the Nd:YAG pump laser is seeded (single mode) and unseeded (multimode). λsignal is 541 nm (λidler = 1030 nm). With a multimode pump the achieved output energy is ~15% lower than with a single-mode pump.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Ten successively recorded single-shot temporal profiles for (a) unseeded (multimode) Nd:YAG laser pulses at 532 nm; (b) BBO OPO signal pulses, pumped by a 355-nm multimode Nd:YAG laser; (c) seeded (single-mode) Nd:YAG laser pulses at 532 nm; (d) BBO OPO signal pulses, pumped by a 355-nm single-mode Nd:YAG laser. An ensemble of laser modes with different axial-mode frequencies and phases beat together to produce an irregularly fluctuating intensity distribution (a). Pumping the BBO OPO with such a pump pulse results in a jagged OPO-pulse shape with marked shot-to-shot fluctuations (b). Pumping the OPO with nearly transform-limited pump pulses (c) results in smooth, uniform OPO pulses with high reproducibility (d). These traces were recorded with a 200-ps rise-time photodiode and a 1-GHz oscilloscope bandwidth.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fabry–Perot scans of (a) the signal wave and (b) the idler wave of a 355-nm-pumped BBO OPO seeded by use of a single-mode cw dye laser.4 (a) The seed wavelength is 458 nm, and the seed power is 30 mW. (b) The seed wavelength is 468 nm (corresponding to λidler = 1465 nm), and the seed power is 7 mW. The optical bandwidths of signal and idler radiation are comparable and ≤500 MHz, with the low finesse of the pressure-tuned Fabry–Perot étalon taken into account.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spectral profiles of the signal output of an injection-seeded BBO OPO with a 355-nm pump-pulse energy of ~90 mJ and a 532-nm seed-pulse energy of ~10 mJ. Successive traces, (a)–(d), are recorded as the phase-matching angle of the OPO is varied to shift the peak gain wavelength away from the (fixed) seed wavelength; the shifts between the peak gain and the seed frequencies are (a) 0 cm−1, (b) 8.5 cm−1, (c) 10 cm−1, (d) 14 cm−1. There is a transition from seeded to unseeded operation as the shift exceeds the OPO gain bandwidth (~7 cm−1 at 532 nm). The profiles are recorded by use of a monochromator equipped with a diode-array detector having an instrumental spectral bandwidth of ~1 cm−1, much broader than the actual bandwidth (<0.01 cm−1) of the injection-seeded signal.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Fabry–Perot center-spot image scans, obtained by continuous tuning of radiation at a wavelength of ~538 nm, from (a) the seed dye laser and (b) the signal output of the BBO OPO, scanned by seeding with injected radiation from the same dye laser. The free spectral range of the fixed-spaced étalon used is 1 cm−1. The FWHM optical bandwidths of the OPO signal and the dye laser are approximately the same (0.25 cm−1). Note that the angular setting of the BBO crystal needs no adjustment during the course of such a continuous scan of the OPO-signal wavelength over more than 1 cm−1.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Photoacoustic absorption spectrum of the 3ν3 rovibrational overtone band of C2H2(g) at a pressure of 80 Torr. The P and R branches of this band and other associated bands at ~1035 nm are scanned by continuously tuning the infrared idler output of the BBO OPO, which is injection seeded at its signal wavelength (~540 nm) by visible radiation from a pulsed dye laser. This spectrum spans >100 cm−1 and was recorded by simultaneous control of the BBO phase-matching angle and without the ratio of the transmitted and incident infrared intensities being taken into account. There is an intensity alternation because of the nuclear-spin statistics of acetylene. The P(21) and R(21) rovibrational transitions in the main 3ν3 band are identified.32 The OPO-idler pulse energy is 6 mJ, and its bandwidth is ~0.25 cm−1 FWHM.

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