Abstract

We compare the relative merits of the new nonlinear materials β-barium borate and lithium triborate for use as gain media in singly resonant pulsed optical parametric oscillators pumped by either excimer lasers or frequency-upconverted diode-laser-pumped solid-state lasers. Lithium triborate is the material of choice when one requires low-pump-energy threshold devices (<3 mJ), as in the case of miniature all-solid-state systems based on diode-laser-pumped solid-state lasers, whereas β-barium borate is superior in converting the high-energy pump pulses (>100 mJ) that are associated with excimer lasers.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).
  2. C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.
  6. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Cui, D. E. Withers, C. F. Rae, C. J. Norrie, Y. Tang, B. D. Sinclair, W. Sibbett, M. H. Dunn, “Widely tunable, all-solid-state, optical parametric oscillator for the visible and near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 18, 122–124 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Robertson, A. Henderson, M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584–1586 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).
  12. K. Kato, “Second harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, Scottish Universities Summer Schools in Physics 16, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, London, 1975), pp. 47–159.
  21. J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially non-uniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

1991 (3)

G. Robertson, A. Henderson, M. Dunn, “Attainment of high efficiencies in optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1584–1586 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

K. Kato, “Second harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

1982 (1)

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially non-uniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially non-uniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, Scottish Universities Summer Schools in Physics 16, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, London, 1975), pp. 47–159.

Chen, C.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

Chen, C. T.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Deng, D.

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

Dunn, M.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Falk, J.

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

Fix, A.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).

Guha, S.

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A.

Henderson, A. J.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Lane, R. J.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Lin, S.

Lin, S. J.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ling, J. W.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nolting, J.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Norrie, C. J.

Rae, C. F.

Robertson, G.

Schroder, T.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).

Shen, Y. R.

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Sinclair, B. D.

Sun, Z. Y.

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Terry, J. A. C.

Ukachi, T.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

Withers, D. E.

Wu, B.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

Wu, B. C.

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F.

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

You, G.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein, “Visible BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator pumped at 355 nm by a single-axial mode pulsed source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014–2016 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. W. Ling, C. T. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (6)

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, β-BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Second harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped β-BaB2O4optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.370 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially non-uniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lin, Z. Y. Sun, B. C. Wu, C. T. Chen, “The non-linear optical characteristics of a LiB3O5crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634–638 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, “The optical parametric oscillators of beta-barium borate and lithium triborate: new sources of powerful tunable laser radiation in the ultraviolet, visible and near infrared,” Laser Optoelektron. 23, 106–110 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. IEEE (2)

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, L. K. Cheng, “Optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 80, 365–374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–2113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Sinica Ser. B (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, G. You, “A new type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sinica Ser. B 28, 235–243 (1985).

Other (2)

Z. Xu, D. Deng, Y. Wang, B. Wu, C. Chen, “Optical parametric oscillation from LiB3O5 pumped at 355 nm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 7 of 1990 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1990), p. 246.

R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, Scottish Universities Summer Schools in Physics 16, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, London, 1975), pp. 47–159.

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Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Calculated and (b) experimental curves of peak energy density versus threshold energy for various OPO configurations. Curves a are for a type-I CPM LBO OPO (308- and 355-nm pumped), curves b are for a type-II NCPM LBO OPO (266-, 308-, and 355-nm pumped), and curves c are for a type-I CPM BBO OPO (308-nm pumped). In (b), the circles represent diode-pumped data (with a 355-nm pump) and the squares represent excimer-pumped data (with a 308-nm pump). Enclosed filled circle represents a 266-nm-pumped type-II NCPM LBO 0P0. The diagonal lines are contours of constant-beam area, and the three numbers are the associated-beam areas in square centimeters. MD is the peak energy-density range during which mirror damage starts to occur.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excimer-pumped OPO setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DPSSL-pumped OPO setup. SFM, sum-frequency mixing; SHG, second-harmonic generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Angle-tuning curves for type-I CPM OPO’s. Curve a is a type-I CPM LBO OPO pumped by 355 nm, curve b is a type-I CPM LBO OPO pumped by 308 nm, and curve c is a type-I CPM BBO OPO pumped by 308 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature-tuning curves for the signal wave in type-II NCPM LBO OPO’s: (a) pumping by 355 nm, (b) pumping by 308 nm, and (c) pumping by 266 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pump depletion versus times above threshold for type-I CPM and type-II NCPM LBO OPO’s. Data-point nomenclature is the same as for Fig. 1(b).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temporal pump-pulse depletion in a type-II NCPM LBO OPO pumped by a 10-ns, 355-nm pulse under conditions corresponding to an internal-conversion efficiency of ~30%. Trace a is the undepleted pump pulse, trace b is the depleted pump pulse, and trace c is the signal pulse.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Pump depletion versus peak energy density for a type-I CPM BBO OPO. Beam sizes are as follows: curve a, 5.0 mm × 2.5 mm; curve b, 3.0 mm × 1.5 mm; and curve c, 1.5 mm × 0.8 mm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Properties of BBO and LBO and Conditions Used in Theoretical Calculationsa

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