Abstract

Traveling-wave parametric generators with angular tuning with the use of ZnGeP2 and GaSe crystals pumped by 100-ps pulses from an actively mode-locked Er laser (λ ≈ 3 μm) are reported. The continuous-tuning range achieved was 4–10 μm (ZnGeP2; length, 12 mm) and 3.5–18 μm (GaSe; length, 12 mm) in a type-I interaction, with a quantum conversion efficiency of a few percent. In the case of ZnGeP2 (length, 42 mm) and type-II phase matching, the pump threshold was 0.35 GW/cm2 and the quantum efficiency achieved was 17.6%, corresponding to an output peak power of 3 MW near 5–6 μm.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).
  3. K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).
  4. K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).
  6. P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Progress in the development of ZnGeP2for optical parametric oscillator applications,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 332–334.
  7. T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Singly resonant CdSe infrared parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 189–191 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, “2 μ m-pumped AgGaSe2optical parametric oscillator with continuous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 μ m,” in Proceedings of Laser and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1990), pp. 128–129.
  13. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1991), pp. 74–191.
  14. K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  16. Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  17. Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  18. Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.
  20. P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.
  21. A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  23. Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).
  24. A. Bianchi and M. Barbi, “Down conversion in the 4–18 μ m range with GaSe and AgGaSe2nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 30, 122–124 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).
  27. L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  29. G. C. Bhar, “Refractive index interpolation in phase-matching,” Appl. Opt. 15, 305–307 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. L. Byer and R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.
    [Crossref]

1991 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

1987 (5)

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

1984 (1)

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

1979 (2)

A. Bianchi and M. Barbi, “Down conversion in the 4–18 μ m range with GaSe and AgGaSe2nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 30, 122–124 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Singly resonant CdSe infrared parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 189–191 (1972).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

1971 (2)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
[Crossref]

Abdullaev, A. G.

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

Abdullaev, G. B.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Allakhverdiev, K. R.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Andreev, Yu. M.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Andreeva, L. I.

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Bandrud, W. B.

G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
[Crossref]

Baranov, V. Yu.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Barbi, M.

A. Bianchi and M. Barbi, “Down conversion in the 4–18 μ m range with GaSe and AgGaSe2nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 30, 122–124 (1979).
[Crossref]

Belykh, A. D.

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bhar, G. C.

Bianchi, A.

A. Bianchi and M. Barbi, “Down conversion in the 4–18 μ m range with GaSe and AgGaSe2nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 30, 122–124 (1979).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
[Crossref]

Brandt, G.

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

Buehler, E.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Singly resonant CdSe infrared parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 189–191 (1972).
[Crossref]

R. L. Byer and R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.
[Crossref]

Chapliev, N. I.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

Chebotaev, V. P.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Chemla, D. S.

J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

Chuvakov, V. V.

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Dahinten, T.

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Davydov, A. A.

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1991), pp. 74–191.

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

Elsaesser, T.

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
[Crossref]

Esterowitz, L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, “2 μ m-pumped AgGaSe2optical parametric oscillator with continuous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 μ m,” in Proceedings of Laser and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1990), pp. 128–129.

Ezzo, K.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

Geiko, P. P.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gribenjukov, A. I.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Gribenyukov, A. I.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1991), pp. 74–191.

Gusev, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Singly resonant CdSe infrared parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 189–191 (1972).
[Crossref]

R. L. Byer and R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.
[Crossref]

Ibragimov, Z. A.

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Izyumov, S. V.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kabanov, M. V.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Kaidalov, S. A.

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kaiser, W.

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kalinin, Yu. M.

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Karasev, M. E.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kerimov, T. A.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kirpichnikov, A. V.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Knights, M. G.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

Koidl, P.

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

Konoplin, S. N.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Konov, V. I.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kozochkin, S. M.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Kulevskii, L. A.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Kupecek, Ph. J.

J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lukashev, A. V.

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Marennikov, S. I.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Marquardt, C. L.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, “2 μ m-pumped AgGaSe2optical parametric oscillator with continuous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 μ m,” in Proceedings of Laser and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1990), pp. 128–129.

McCarthy, J. C.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

Minnigh, S.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

Mustafaev, N. B.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nikles, P. V.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1991), pp. 74–191.

Novikov, V. P.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

Oudar, J. L.

J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
[Crossref]

Pashinin, P. P.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

Plödereder, U.

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Polivanov, Yu. N.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Pollack, T. M.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Progress in the development of ZnGeP2for optical parametric oscillator applications,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 332–334.

Prokhorov, A. M.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Pys’mennyi, V. D.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Quarles, G. J.

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, “2 μ m-pumped AgGaSe2optical parametric oscillator with continuous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 μ m,” in Proceedings of Laser and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1990), pp. 128–129.

Salaev, E. Yu.

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Satov, Yu. A.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Savel’ev, A. D.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Sayakhov, R. Sh.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Progress in the development of ZnGeP2for optical parametric oscillator applications,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 332–334.

Seilmeier, A.

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
[Crossref]

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Shcherbakov, I. A.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

Shirkov, A. V.

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

Shubin, S. E.

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Shuneman, P. G.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

Smirnov, V. V.

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Solodukhin, A. S.

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Starodumov, Yu. M.

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

Storm, M. E.

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

Storz, F. G.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
[Crossref]

Strel’tsov, A. P.

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Trushin, S. A.

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Umyskov, A. F.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

Voevodin, V. G.

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

Zuev, V. E.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Zuev, V. V.

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 301–304 (1971).
[Crossref]

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, P. Koidl, and G. Brandt, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in the medium infrared using AgGaS2crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 383–385 (1984).
[Crossref]

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Singly resonant CdSe infrared parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 189–191 (1972).
[Crossref]

R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, C. L. Marquardt, M. E. Storm, and L. Esterowitz, “Broadly tunable parametric oscillator using AgGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 608–611 (1986).
[Crossref]

G. D. Boyd, W. B. Bandrud, and E. Buehler, “Phase-matched up-conversion of 10.6 μ m radiation in ZnGeP2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 446–448 (1971).
[Crossref]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. (2)

V. E. Zuev, M. V. Kabanov, Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenjukov, and V. V. Zuev, “Applications of efficient parametric IR-laser frequency converters,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 52, 87–92 (1988).

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “Picosecond parametric superluminescence in the ZnGeP2crystal,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 49, 146–149 (1985).

JETP Lett. (1)

G. B. Abdullaev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “GaSe, a new effective crystal for nonlinear optics,” JETP Lett. 16, 90–92 (1972).

Opt. Commun. (5)

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and T. A. Kerimov, “High efficiency middle IR parametric superadiance in ZnGeP2and GaSe crystals pumped by an erbium laser,” Opt. Commun. 83, 322–326 (1991).
[Crossref]

A. A. Davydov, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, V. V. Smirnov, and A. V. Shirkov, “A tunable infrared parametric oscillator in CdSe crystal,” Opt. Commun. 9, 234–236 (1973).
[Crossref]

T. Elsaesser, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, “Parametric generation of tunable picosecond pulses in proustite between 1.2 and 8 μ m,” Opt. Commun. 44, 293–296 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. L. Oudar, Ph. J. Kupecek, and D. S. Chemla, “Medium infrared tunable down conversion of a YAG pumped infrared dye laser in gallium selenide,” Opt. Commun. 29, 119–122 (1979).
[Crossref]

A. Bianchi and M. Barbi, “Down conversion in the 4–18 μ m range with GaSe and AgGaSe2nonlinear crystals,” Opt. Commun. 30, 122–124 (1979).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (8)

G. B. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, M. E. Karasev, V. I. Konov, L. A. Kulevskii, N. B. Mustafaev, P. P. Pashinin, Yu. M. Starodumov, and N. I. Chapliev, “Efficient generation of the second harmonie of CO2laser radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 494–498 (1989).
[Crossref]

L. I. Andreeva, K. L. Vodopyanov, S. A. Kaidalov, Yu. M. Kalinin, M. E. Karasev, L. A. Kulevskii, and A. V. Lukashev, “Picosecond erbium-doped YAG laser (λ = 2.94 μ m) with active mode-locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 326–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, L. A. Kulevskii, P. P. Pashinin, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulses from a YSGG:Cr3+:Er3+laser (λ = 2.79 μ m) with active mode locking,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 776–779 (1987).
[Crossref]

A. G. Abdullaev, K. R. Allakhverdiev, L. A. Kulevskii, A. M. Prokhorov, E. Yu. Salaev, and V. V. Smirnov, “Parametric conversion of infrared radiation in a GaSe crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 665–668 (1975).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and L. A. Kulevskii, “High-efficiency picosecond parametric superradiance emitted by a ZnGeP2crystal in the 5–6.3μm range,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1159–1161 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. G. Voevodin, A. I. Gribenyukov, and V. P. Novikov, “Mixing of frequencies of CO2and CO lasers in ZnGeP2crystals,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 748–749 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, A. D. Belykh, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, V. V. Zuev, A. S. Solodukhin, S. A. Trushin, V. V. Chuvakov, and S. E. Shubin, “Transformation of the frequencies of nontraditional (4.3 and 10.4 μ m) CO2laser radiation bands in ZnGeP2,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 490–492 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yu. M. Andreev, V. Yu. Baranov, V. G. Voevodin, P. P. Geiko, A. I. Gribenyukov, S. V. Izyumov, S. M. Kozochkin, V. D. Pys’mennyi, Yu. A. Satov, and A. P. Strel’tsov, “Efficient generation of the second harmonic of a nanosecond CO2laser radiation pulse,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1435–1436 (1987).
[Crossref]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

Yu. A. Gusev, A. V. Kirpichnikov, S. N. Konoplin, S. I. Marennikov, P. V. Nikles, Yu. N. Polivanov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. D. Savel’ev, R. Sh. Sayakhov, V. V. Smirnov, and V. P. Chebotaev, “Tunable mid-IR difference frequency generator,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 6, 541–542 (1980).

Other (7)

T. Dahinten, U. Plödereder, A. Seilmeier, K. L. Vodopyanov, K. R. Allakhverdiev, and Z. A. Ibragimov, “Generation of ultrashort infrared pulses tunable between 4 μ m and 18 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, (to be published).

R. L. Byer and R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed., Vol. 16 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), Chap. 3, pp. 96–97.
[Crossref]

P. A. Budni, K. Ezzo, P. G. Shuneman, S. Minnigh, J. C. McCarthy, and T. M. Pollack, “2.8 micron pumped optical parametric oscillation in ZnGeP2,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 335–338.

P. A. Budni, P. G. Shuneman, M. G. Knights, T. M. Pollack, and E. P. Chicklis, “Efficient, high average power optical parametric oscillator using ZnGeP2 in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. Chase and A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 380–383.

G. J. Quarles, C. L. Marquardt, and L. Esterowitz, “2 μ m-pumped AgGaSe2optical parametric oscillator with continuous tuning between 2.49 and 12.05 μ m,” in Proceedings of Laser and Electro-Optics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1990), pp. 128–129.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Crystals (Springer, Berlin, 1991), pp. 74–191.

P. G. Schunemann and T. M. Pollak, “Progress in the development of ZnGeP2for optical parametric oscillator applications,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, G. Dubé and L. Chase, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1991), pp. 332–334.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectra taken at room temperature. (a) ZnGeP2 (L = 10 mm). (b) GaSe (L = 10 mm). Dashed curves, Fresnel losses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup: M1, dielectric 99% mirror; M2, Cu mirror; AE, laser active element; AMPLIE, laser amplifier; AML, active mode-locking circuit; Q-sw, Q-switching circuit; CD, cavity-dumping circuit; PD, photodetectors; L, one or two CaF2 lenses; F, InAs filter; MDR-4, monochromator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Angular-tuning curves for a pump with λ = 2.94 μm. (a) ZnGeP2 (types I and II); solid curves, calculated from data in Ref. 29. (b) GaSe (type I); solid curve, calculated from data in Ref. 2. Inset: spectral characteristics of the OPG at the signal and idler frequencies for the type-II phase-matched (θ = 84 deg) ZnGeP2 crystal pumped by a 2.79-mm laser. At the idler frequency the results were affected by atmospheric absorption (L ≈ 1.5 m).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependences of OPG output energy EOPG (curve 1) and quantum efficiency η (curve 2) on the 2.79-μm-laser pump intensity for ZnGeP2 (42 mm, type II). Curve 2 was derived from curve 1.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Some Properties of Mid-IR Nonlinear Crystals

Tables Icon

Table 2 Experimental Results with the ZnGeP2 and GaSe OPG’s

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Type I ( o - ee ) d eff = d 36 sin ( 2 θ ) cos ( 2 φ ) , Type II ( o - eo ) d eff = d 36 sin ( θ ) sin ( 2 φ ) .
Type I ( e - oo ) d eff = d 22 cos ( θ ) sin ( 3 φ ) , Type II ( e - oe ) d eff = d 22 cos 2 ( θ ) cos ( 3 φ ) .
Γ 2 = 2 ω 1 ω 2 d eff 2 I pump n 1 n 2 n 3 0 c 3 .

Metrics