Abstract

Tunable near-infrared optical parametric oscillation in an organic crystal has been achieved for the first time to our knowledge. A 1.9-mm-thick nonlinear molecular crystal of N-(4-nitrophenyl)-l-prolinol was pumped at a wavelength of 0.5927 μm and a pulse duration of 1 ns (FWHM). Tunability from 0.9 to 1.7 μm and a maximum but nonoptimized total conversion efficiency of ~5% were obtained with considerable improvement in performance still available. In addition, the optical parametric oscillation threshold estimation method and the importance of a high nonlinearity for optical parametric oscillation operation at the 1-ns time scale are discussed.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A52, 359 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137 (1991).
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  7. Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
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  8. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
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    [CrossRef]
  11. M. J. Rosker and C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. J. Rosker, K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1600 (1985).
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  13. A. J. Henderson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1402 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  21. See, e.g., Ref. 4.
  22. J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  24. See, e.g., J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
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  25. S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1312 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  27. P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J. F. Nicoud, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1732 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 687 (1992).
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  31. H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,” in Proceedings of Symposium on Quasi-Optics, (Polytechnic, Brooklyn, New York, 1964), Vol. 14.
  32. G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. 146, 187 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. 168, 1064 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  34. See, e.g., T. Nishikawa, N. Uesugi, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1943 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1992 (6)

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 687 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1312 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (7)

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

See, e.g., T. Nishikawa, N. Uesugi, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1943 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A52, 359 (1991).

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Henderson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

M. J. Rosker and C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Rosker, K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1600 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J. F. Nicoud, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

See, e.g., J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

See, e.g., S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. 168, 1064 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. 146, 187 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Andreazza, P.

D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. 146, 187 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Badan, J.

I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

See, e.g., J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. 146, 187 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. 168, 1064 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J. F. Nicoud, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, K.

M. J. Rosker, K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1600 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Coquillay, M.

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Donaldson, W. R.

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dou, S. X.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Henderson, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, and A. I. Ferguson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

See, e.g., S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. 168, 1064 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Haub, J. G.

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A. J.

Hulin, D.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M. J.

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Josse, D.

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1312 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 687 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1137 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,” in Proceedings of Symposium on Quasi-Optics, (Polytechnic, Brooklyn, New York, 1964), Vol. 14.

Lane, R. J.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

le Faucheux, F.

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ledoux, I.

I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lepers, C.

I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, and A. Antonetti, J. Appl. Phys. 64, 3309 (1988).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. Zyss, A. Migus, D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 987 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Grillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nicoud, J. F.

J. Zyss, J. F. Nicoud, and M. Coquillay, J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Zyss, D. S. Chemla, and J. F. Nicoud, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 4800 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. A52, 359 (1991).

Nishikawa, T.

See, e.g., T. Nishikawa, N. Uesugi, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1943 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

J. G. Haub, M. J. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1718 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Oudar, J. L.

D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Zyss and J. L. Oudar, Phys. Rev. A 26, 2028 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Perigaud, A.

D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. Ledoux, C. Lepers, A. Perigaud, J. Badan, and J. Zyss, Opt. Commun. 80, 149 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Robert, M. C.

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Andreazza, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Appl. Phys. 68, 8 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rosker, M. J.

M. J. Rosker, K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1600 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Rosker and C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Rosker and C. L. Tang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Rosker, K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1600 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Donaldson and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 25 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Uesugi, N.

See, e.g., T. Nishikawa, N. Uesugi, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1943 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ukachi, T.

C. L. Tang, W. R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. J. Lane, and L. K. Cheng, Proc. IEEE 80, 365 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yumoto, J.

See, e.g., T. Nishikawa, N. Uesugi, and J. Yumoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1943 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, X. Liu, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Xu, D. Deng, W. Zhang, B. Wu, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 531 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

P. Andreazza, D. Josse, F. le Faucheux, M. C. Robert, and J. Zyss, Phys. Rev. B 45, 7640 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Josse, S. X. Dou, J. Zyss, P. Andreazza, and A. Perigaud, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 121 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 687 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dou, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1312 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Appl. Phys. (1)

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D. Hulin, A. Migus, A. Antonetti, I. Ledoux, J. Badan, J. L. Oudar, and J. Zyss, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 761 (1986).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Oscillation threshold energy of the pump (0.5927 μm) as a function of the time duration τ of the pump pulse in a singly resonant OPO with NPP as the nonlinear medium. The beam radius of the pump is ω0p = 0.5 mm. The PM angle is 10.9 deg from the Z axis, and signal and idler wavelengths are 1.00 and 1.455 μm, respectively. Solid curve, L = l + 10 mm; dashed curve, L = l + 5 mm. L (l) is the cavity (crystal) length.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental OPO-angle-tuning curve of NPP and the corresponding PM configuration (inset). The PM angle is between the PM direction and the Z axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ouptput energy of signal and idler at different wavelengths with cavity mirrors M0 and M2. The pump energy is 0.41 mJ, and the cavity is 12 mm long.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical-transmission spectrum of a 1-mm-thick NPP crystal (cleaved plate) for the Y- (solid curve) and X- (dashed curve) polarized directions. The orientation of the molecular-charge-transfer axis with respect to the dielectric axes is given in the inset.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Threshold energy per pump pulse and total output energy as a function of the cavity length with cavity mirrors M0 and M2 (the PM direction is at θ = 11.5 deg). In the latter case the average pump energy per pulse incident upon the crystal is set at 0.41 mJ.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Oscillation threshold energy of the pump (λp = 0.5927 μm, τ = 0.85 ns) as a function of the crystal length in a singly resonant OPO with NPP or POM as the nonlinear medium. The beam radius of the pump is ω0p = 0.5 mm. The signal and idler wavelengths are 1.00 and 1.455 μm, respectively. The cavity length is L = l + 10 mm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Oscillation threshold energy of the pump (λp = 0.5927 μm, τ = 0.85 ns) as a function of the effective nonlinear coefficient of a nonabsorbing crystal, with different thicknesses and walk-off angles, in a singly resonant OPO. The beam radius of the pump is ω0p = 0.5 mm. The signal and idler wavelengths are 1.00 and 1.455 μm, respectively. The cavity length is L = l + 10 mm. Solid curve, l = 15 mm; dashed curve, l = 8 mm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Propagation of the interacting beams in a collinear phase-matched OPO. Ks is the wave vector of the signal beam. x0 is −l tan ρ/2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Total Gain G0(m), l] and Output Beam Radius ω 0 s o u t ( m ) of the Signal Wave at Different Pump-Beam Radiia

Equations (25)

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P s out = G ( Γ 0 , l ) P s in ,
G ( Γ 0 , l ) = 1 π ω 0 s 2 / 2 exp ( α l ) × exp [ 2 [ x l tan ( ρ ) / 2 ] 2 + 2 y 2 ω 0 s 2 ] × cosh 2 [ Γ 0 L ( x , y , l ) ] d x d y ,
Γ 0 = [ κ / cos 2 ( ρ ) ] × [ P pump / ( π ω 0 p 2 / 2 ) ( 1 / 2 ) ( 0 / μ 0 ) 1 / 2 ω p ] 1 / 2 ,
κ = ( 1 / 2 ) 0 d eff ( μ 0 ω s ω i ω p 0 n s n i n p ) 1 / 2 ,
L ( x , y , l ) = 0 l exp { [ x ( l z ) tan ( ρ ) ] 2 + y 2 ω 0 p 2 α p z / 2 } d z ,
l eff = 2 α p [ 1 exp ( α p l / 2 ) ] ,
P s out ( m ) = P 0 s in ( m ) π [ ω s in ( m ) ] 2 / 2 exp ( α l ) × [ F ( x , y ) 1 / 2 S ( x , y ) * d x d y ] 2 ,
Γ 0 ( m ) = Γ 00 exp [ ( t m τ ) 2 ] ,
S ( x , y ) = ( π ω 00 2 / 2 ) 1 / 2 exp [ [ x l tan ( ρ ) / 2 ] 2 + y 2 ω 00 2 ] .
d [ P s out ( m ) ] d ω 00 | ω 00 = ω 0 s out ( m ) = 0.
E s out ( m ) = E s in ( m ) exp ( α l / 2 ) × cosh [ Γ 0 ( m ) l eff exp ( x 2 + y 2 ω 0 p 2 ) ] ,
E s in ( m ) = E s 0 in ( m ) exp { x 2 + y 2 [ ω 0 s in ( m ) ] 2 } ,
[ ω 0 s out ( m ) ] 2 = [ ω 0 s in ( m ) ] 2 + [ ω 0 ( m ) ] 2 ,
cosh [ Γ 0 ( m ) l eff exp ( x 2 + y 2 ω 0 p 2 ) ] | x 2 + y 2 = ω 0 ( m ) 2 = w .
[ ω 0 ( m ) ] 2 = ω 0 p 2 ln { Γ 0 ( m ) l eff ln [ w + ( w 2 1 ) 1 / 2 ] } ,
w = exp ( 1 ) cosh [ Γ 0 ( m ) l eff ] .
[ ω 0 s out ( m ) ] 2 = [ ω 0 s in ( m ) ] 2 + 2 ω 0 p 2 .
[ ω 0 i ( m ) ] 2 = [ ω 0 s in ( m ) ] 2 + ω 0 p 2 .
Δ E s ( m ) E p 2 E s in ( m ) z 2 ,
P s out ( m ) = G [ Γ 0 ( m ) , l ] P s in ( m ) .
E output ( m ) = ( ω i / ω s ) G [ Γ 0 ( m ) , l ] P s in ( m ) Δ t ,
P s in ( m + 1 ) = P s out ( m ) [ R T 4 exp ( α l ) ] ,
[ ω 0 s in ( m + 1 ) ] 2 = [ ω 0 s out ( m ) ] 2 ( 1 + { 2 L λ s π [ ω 0 s out ( m ) ] 2 } 2 ) ,
Δ ω s = 2 a [ 4 Γ 00 l ln ( 2 ) ] 1 / 2 ,
a = | υ g s 1 υ g i 1 | ,

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