Abstract

We present what is to our knowledge the first measurement of a two-photon transition excited in Rb with a commercial diode laser. In addition to the limitation imposed by diode lasers’ characteristic low powers, their relatively large bandwidths and sensitivity to optical feedback effects impede their application to two-photon spectroscopy. However, we show that optimized signal detection and careful minimization of optical feedback with an acousto-optic modulator combined with a Faraday isolator result in good two-photon signals with an off-the-shelf diode laser.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Grynberg, B. Cagnac, Rep. Prog. Phys. 40, 791 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Camparo, Contemp. Phys. 26, 443 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. See, for example, G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 247.
  6. Y. Yamamoto, ed., Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1991).
  7. R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980); D. Lenstra, J. S. Cohen, in Laser Noise, R. Roy, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1376, 245 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. See, for example, M. Osinski, J. Buus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. A. Orozco, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (personal communication, 1992).

1991 (1)

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

See, for example, M. Osinski, J. Buus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

J. C. Camparo, Contemp. Phys. 26, 443 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980); D. Lenstra, J. S. Cohen, in Laser Noise, R. Roy, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1376, 245 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

G. Grynberg, B. Cagnac, Rep. Prog. Phys. 40, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

See, for example, G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 247.

Arimondo, E.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Buus, J.

See, for example, M. Osinski, J. Buus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Cagnac, B.

G. Grynberg, B. Cagnac, Rep. Prog. Phys. 40, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Camparo, J. C.

J. C. Camparo, Contemp. Phys. 26, 443 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

See, for example, G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 247.

Grynberg, G.

G. Grynberg, B. Cagnac, Rep. Prog. Phys. 40, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980); D. Lenstra, J. S. Cohen, in Laser Noise, R. Roy, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1376, 245 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R.

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980); D. Lenstra, J. S. Cohen, in Laser Noise, R. Roy, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1376, 245 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Orozco, L. A.

L. A. Orozco, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (personal communication, 1992).

Osinski, M.

See, for example, M. Osinski, J. Buus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Violino, P.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

J. C. Camparo, Contemp. Phys. 26, 443 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Lang, K. Kobayashi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347 (1980); D. Lenstra, J. S. Cohen, in Laser Noise, R. Roy, ed., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1376, 245 (1991).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, M. Osinski, J. Buus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 9 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

G. Grynberg, B. Cagnac, Rep. Prog. Phys. 40, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. A. Orozco, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (personal communication, 1992).

See, for example, G. P. Agrawal, N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1986), p. 247.

Y. Yamamoto, ed., Coherence, Amplification, and Quantum Effects in Semiconductor Lasers (Wiley, New York, 1991).

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