Abstract

The propagation and the switching of solitons in nonlinear optical fiber couplers have been investigated with a variational method within the framework of the Lagrangian density formulation. Simple analytical solutions have been found to the coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations that govern the soliton propagation in a nonlinear fiber coupler. It is shown that the soliton propagation and switching behavior predicted by the present analytical method agrees well with results from numerical analysis. In particular, we found that the present analysis is accurate in predicting soliton switching from one core to the other. In addition, our analysis leads us to the discovery of new soliton eigenstates and to the determination of the bifurcation behavior of solitons in nonlinear fiber couplers.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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