Abstract

Intense light beams propagating in a lossless, dispersionless, single-mode optical fiber are subject to the Kerr effect, i.e., to the intensity-dependent refractive index of the fiber’s fused-silica core. Classically, Kerr-effect-induced self-phase modulation (SPM) can be used for spectral broadening of a picosecond pulse for grating-pair pulse compression down to femtosecond duration. Quantum mechanically, Kerr-effect-induced four-wave mixing (FWM) has been used to produce squeezed-state light. We present a quantum propagation theory for a lossless, dispersionless fiber with the Kerr nonlinearity. The theory includes classical SPM and quantum FWM within their regions of validity. It introduces a material time constant for the Kerr interaction, limiting the quantum phase shifts caused by the broadband zero-point fluctuations that accompany any input field, to develop a coarse-grained time multitemporal mode field analysis. Explicit expressions are obtained for the first and the second output-field moments when the fiber’s input field is in an arbitrary Gaussian state. These results are used to obtain homodyne-detection noise spectra, which are employed, in turn, to seek experimentally accessible manifestations of the Kerr time constant.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Lance G. Joneckis and Jeffrey H. Shapiro, "Quantum propagation in a Kerr medium: lossless, dispersionless fiber: erratum," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 150-150 (1994)
https://www.osapublishing.org/josab/abstract.cfm?uri=josab-11-1-150

OSA Recommended Articles
Optimizing homodyne detection of quadrature-noise squeezing by local-oscillator selection

Jeffrey H. Shapiro and Asif Shakeel
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(2) 232-249 (1997)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (12)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (139)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription