Abstract

The fluorescence lifetime of the dye Kiton Red S in monodispersed polystyrene colloids was measured by using the single-photon-counting technique. The measured lifetime changed from 1.6 ns when the dye was in water to 3–4 ns when it was in colloidal suspensions of various monodispersed polystyrene microspheres. Interaction of electrons of the dye molecule with electrons of the medium accounts for a major fraction of the change in the measured lifetime. Variation of the lifetime with the diameter of the polystyrene microspheres may be, in part, a result of the quantum-electrodynamics effect caused by the local photon-field interaction with the dye molecules.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules(Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970).
  2. Y. S. Liu, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, 1991); Y. S. Liu, P. de Mayo, and W. R. Ware, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.
  3. S. Haroche and S. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. John and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2418 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Yablonovitch and T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. John, Phys. Today 44(5), 32 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. K. Sood, Solid State Phys. 45, 1 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Martorell and N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990); Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 887 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. John, Physica B 175, 81 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Sheng, ed., Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).
  14. D. V. O’Connor and D. Phillips, Time Correlated Single Photon Counting (Academic, London, 1984).
  15. A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. N. Demas, Excited State Lifetime Measurements (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 195.

1992 (1)

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (6)

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. Yablonovitch and T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, Phys. Today 44(5), 32 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sood, Solid State Phys. 45, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. John, Physica B 175, 81 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Martorell and N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990); Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 887 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2418 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. Haroche and S. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Birks, J. B.

J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules(Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970).

Björk, G.

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brorson, S. D.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Demas, J. N.

J. N. Demas, Excited State Lifetime Measurements (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 195.

Gmitter, T. J.

E. Yablonovitch and T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche and S. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Igeta, K.

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Today 44(5), 32 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. John, Physica B 175, 81 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. John and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2418 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleppner, S.

S. Haroche and S. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

J. Martorell and N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990); Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 887 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. S.

Y. S. Liu, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, 1991); Y. S. Liu, P. de Mayo, and W. R. Ware, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Machida, S.

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Martorell, J.

J. Martorell and N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990); Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 887 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Connor, D. V.

D. V. O’Connor and D. Phillips, Time Correlated Single Photon Counting (Academic, London, 1984).

Phillips, D.

D. V. O’Connor and D. Phillips, Time Correlated Single Photon Counting (Academic, London, 1984).

Siemiarczuk, A.

A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sood, A. K.

A. K. Sood, Solid State Phys. 45, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, B. D.

A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

S. John and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2418 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ware, W. R.

A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch and T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Suzuki, H. Yokoyama, S. D. Brorson, and E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 998 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

A. Siemiarczuk, B. D. Wagner, and W. R. Ware, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1661 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Björk, S. Machida, Y. Yamamoto, and K. Igeta, Phys. Rev. A 44, 669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. John and J. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2418 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch and T. J. Gmitter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2295 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Martorell and N. M. Lawandy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1877 (1990); Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 887 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (2)

S. John, Phys. Today 44(5), 32 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Haroche and S. Kleppner, Phys. Today 42(1), 24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

S. John, Physica B 175, 81 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. Yokoyama, Science 256, 66 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Phys. (1)

A. K. Sood, Solid State Phys. 45, 1 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. B. Birks, Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules(Wiley-Interscience, London, 1970).

Y. S. Liu, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, 1991); Y. S. Liu, P. de Mayo, and W. R. Ware, “The photophysics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on silica gel surfaces: a lifetime distribution analysis approach,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

P. Sheng, ed., Scattering and Localization of Classical Waves in Random Media (World Scientific, Singapore, 1990).

D. V. O’Connor and D. Phillips, Time Correlated Single Photon Counting (Academic, London, 1984).

J. N. Demas, Excited State Lifetime Measurements (Academic, New York, 1983), p. 195.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Typical fluorescence decay curve of Kiton Red S in a colloidal suspension of monodispersed polystyrene microspheres (1.07 μm in diameter). The lower curve represents the pulse shape. The shape has been deconvoluted in the analysis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectrum and absorption spectrum of Kiton Red S in water.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Lifetimes obtained from a two-exponential fit (filled circles) of the measured intensity decay curve and the lifetime obtained from a single-exponential fit (open circles) of the same curve, shown at different dilutions of a 10% colloidal suspension of polystyrene microspheres (0.106 μm in diameter in this example). The concentration of Kiton Red S was kept constant at each dilution.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Lifetime of Kiton Red S in Different Media

Tables Icon

Table 2 Fluorescence Lifetimes of Kiton Red S in Colloidal Suspensions of Polystyrene Microspheres of Different Sizes

Tables Icon

Table 3 Fluorescence Lifetime of Kiton Red S in 0.123-μm Polystyrene Crystallized Colloidal Suspensions

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A ( t ) = A 1 exp ( - t / T 1 ) + A 2 exp ( - t / T 2 ) ,

Metrics