Abstract

We report on the generation of ultrashort tunable pulses with a cavityless traveling-wave scheme consisting of a parametric superfluorescence seed source and a parametric amplifier. We show that the traveling-wave approach, with its advantages of simplicity and direct generation of tunable energetic single pulses, can be used in the femtosecond regime, and to this end we discuss the performances that were obtained with pump pulses of ≈1-ps and 200-fs duration at wavelengths of 0.53 and 0.6 μm, respectively. Of particular interest is the β-barium borate-based traveling-wave parametric generator (type-II phase matching), since it offers the possibility of generating nearly transform-limited pulses that are continuously tunable within a wide spectral range to as high as 3 μm in the IR. With a diffraction-limited pump at 0.53 μm. we obtained tunable pulses in a 1.2× diffraction-limited beam, which could be focused, with an f/20 optics lens, to an intensity of 1013 GW/cm2. A temperature-tuned lithium triborate-based femtosecond parametric generator, with its smaller group-velocity dispersion and absence of walk-off, can operate at a pump energy of as low as 30 μJ in a 200-fs pulse.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses: errata," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2321-2321 (1995)
https://www.osapublishing.org/josab/abstract.cfm?uri=josab-12-11-2321

References

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    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (3)

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. Joosen, P. Agostini, G. Petite, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 17, 133 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

1990 (1)

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

H. Vanherzeele and C. Chen, Appl. Opt. 27, 2634 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgiavicius, and A. Umbras, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

H. Hartmann, H. Schleicher, and A. Laubereau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 108, 555 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and A. Yankauskas, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

F. Wondrazek, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. B 32, 39 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

R. B. Weisman and S. A. Rice, Opt. Commun. 19, 28 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. Laubereau, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 232 (1975); see also S. A. Akhmanov, A. Yu. Borisov, R. V. Danielius, A. S. Piskarskas, A. P. Razzhivin, and V. D. Samuilov, JETP Lett. 26, 500 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (3)

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1969 (2)

A. I. Kovrigin and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 384 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

1965 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

Akhmanov, S. A.

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Akmanov, A. G.

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Angeloni, L.

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

W. Joosen, P. Agostini, G. Petite, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, Opt. Lett. 17, 133 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, H. J.

Banfi, G. P.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K. P.

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

Byer, R. L.

A. I. Kovrigin and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 384 (1969).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, in Treatise in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1B, p. 587; see also S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Califano, S.

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chambaret, J. P.

Chen, C.

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Vanherzeele and C. Chen, Appl. Opt. 27, 2634 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dikchyus, G.

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fadeev, V. V.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Fendt, A.

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Foggi, P.

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Frillon, G.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Greiter, L.

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Grigonis, R.

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, H.

H. Hartmann, H. Schleicher, and A. Laubereau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 108, 555 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ignatavichus, M. V.

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

Ignatavicius, M.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Jasevicjiite, J.

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

Jiang, A.

Joosen, W.

Kabelka, V.

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kabelka, V. I.

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

Kaiser, W.

F. Wondrazek, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. B 32, 39 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 232 (1975); see also S. A. Akhmanov, A. Yu. Borisov, R. V. Danielius, A. S. Piskarskas, A. P. Razzhivin, and V. D. Samuilov, JETP Lett. 26, 500 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Khokhlov, R. V.

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Kolosov, V. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Kovrigin, A. I.

A. I. Kovrigin and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 384 (1969).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Kranitzky, W.

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Laener, R.

Laubereau, A.

R. Laener, H. Graener, and A. Laubereau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1085 (1991); Opt. Lett. 15, 971 (1990); in Ultrafast Processes in Spectroscopy 1991, A. Laubereau and A. Seilmeier, eds., Vol. 126 of Institute of Physics Series (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1992), p. 63.
[CrossRef]

H. Hartmann, H. Schleicher, and A. Laubereau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 108, 555 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 232 (1975); see also S. A. Akhmanov, A. Yu. Borisov, R. V. Danielius, A. S. Piskarskas, A. P. Razzhivin, and V. D. Samuilov, JETP Lett. 26, 500 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, in Ultrashort Laser Pulses, W. Kaiser, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 48.

Ledoux, I.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Lin, S.

Migus, A.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Noordam, L. D.

Petite, G.

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgiavicius, and A. Umbras, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and A. Yankauskas, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

Piskarskas, A. S.

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Podenas, D.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

Powers, P. E.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rabson, T. A.

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rice, S. A.

R. B. Weisman and S. A. Rice, Opt. Commun. 19, 28 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, H. J.

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Schleicher, H.

H. Hartmann, H. Schleicher, and A. Laubereau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 108, 555 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Seilmeier, A.

F. Wondrazek, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. B 32, 39 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 232 (1975); see also S. A. Akhmanov, A. Yu. Borisov, R. V. Danielius, A. S. Piskarskas, A. P. Razzhivin, and V. D. Samuilov, JETP Lett. 26, 500 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Shah, P. L.

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sirutkaitis, V.

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

Smilgiavicius, V.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgiavicius, and A. Umbras, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stabinis, A.

A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and A. Yankauskas, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

Stabinis, Y. A.

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

Sukhorukov, A. P.

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Torre, R.

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Umbras, A.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgiavicius, and A. Umbras, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van Linden, H. B.

Vanherzeele, H.

Varanavicius, A.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weisman, R. B.

R. B. Weisman and S. A. Rice, Opt. Commun. 19, 28 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wondrazek, F.

F. Wondrazek, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. B 32, 39 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

Xie, F.

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yankauskas, A.

A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and A. Yankauskas, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

You, G.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Y.

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Wondrazek, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. B 32, 39 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

I. Ledoux, J. Zyss, A. Migus, J. Etchepare, G. Frillon, and A. Antonetti, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1564 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Rabson, H. J. Ruiz, P. L. Shah, and F. K. Tittel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 129 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, and W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, and C. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, J. Y. Zhang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, and B. Wu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1961 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, P. E. Powers, and C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Laubereau, A. Seilmeier, and W. Kaiser, Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 232 (1975); see also S. A. Akhmanov, A. Yu. Borisov, R. V. Danielius, A. S. Piskarskas, A. P. Razzhivin, and V. D. Samuilov, JETP Lett. 26, 500 (1977).
[CrossRef]

H. Hartmann, H. Schleicher, and A. Laubereau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 108, 555 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

A. G. Akmanov, S. A. Akhmanov, R. V. Khokhlov, A. I. Kovrigin, A. S. Piskarskas, and A. P. Sukhorukov, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 828 (1968).
[CrossRef]

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavicius, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Kovrigin and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 384 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. Foggi, R. Righini, R. Torre, L. Angeloni, and S. Califano, J. Chem. Phys. 96, 110 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

JETP Lett. (2)

K. P. Burneika, M. V. Ignatavichus, V. I. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, and Y. A. Stabinis, JETP Lett. 16, 257 (1972).

S. A. Akhmanov, A. I. Kovrigin, V. A. Kolosov, A. S. Piskarskas, V. V. Fadeev, and R. V. Khokhlov, JETP Lett. 3, 241 (1966).

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Fendt, W. Kranitzky, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 28, 142 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Weisman and S. A. Rice, Opt. Commun. 19, 28 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, P. Di Trapani, A. Varanavicius, and G. P. Banfi, Opt. Commun. 87, 23 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. A. Giordmaine and R. C. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

S. E. Harris, Proc. IEEE 57, 2096 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. Danielius, G. Dikchyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 7, 1360 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, and A. Yankauskas, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1179 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgiavicius, and A. Umbras, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1991).
[CrossRef]

LBO and BBO data sheet published by Fujan Castech Crystals, Inc., Fujan, China (1991).

R. Danielius, R. Grigonis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podenas, and V. Sirutkaitis, in Nonlinear Optics in Diagnostics, Modeling, and Control of Biological Objects and Processes, S. A. Akhamanov and V. N. Zadkov, eds., Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng.1402, 190 (1990).

R. L. Byer, in Treatise in Quantum Electronics, H. Rabin and C. L. Tang, eds. (Academic, New York, 1975), Vol. 1B, p. 587; see also S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, V. Sirutkaitis, A. Stabinis, and J. Jasevicjiite, in Optical Parametric Oscillators and Picosecond Spectroscopy, A. Piskarskas, ed. (Mokslas, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1983), p. 57.

A. Laubereau, in Ultrashort Laser Pulses, W. Kaiser, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), p. 48.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic layout of the TOPG. (a) Direct two-pass configuration: CL’s, cylindrical lenses. The distances and the spot sizes that we used are given in the text. (b) The three-pass configuration: T’s, telescopes; DM, dichroic mirror; BS, pump beam splitter; p1, p2, the two beams into which the pump pulse is split; 1–3, nonlinear crystals (not necessarily physically different in the practical layout).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output versus input energy for a parametric amplifier driven at high G. The data were collected with a 30-ps pulse at 0.53 μm, intensity Φ ≈ 1 GW/cm2; the crystal was BBO-I (type-1 phase matching), L = 1 cm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse-splitting length versus λs. (a) BBO-I. (b) LBO. (c) BBO-II. (d) KDP-II. In (a)–(c) the pump wavelength is 0.6 μm, and τ = 0.2 ps. In (d) the pump wavelength is 0.53 μm, and τ = 1.3 ps. Note that in the vertical scale we show only the absolute values of the splitting lengths; different types of line are used to indicate whether ls or li is positive (signal/idler slower than pump) or negative (signal/idler faster than pump).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain of the signal wave versus crystal length, calculated by numerically solving Eq. (3). The dashed lines indicate G0, the gain in the absence of GVM. In all the figures λs = λi, and the pulse-splitting lengths that are involved can be seen at degeneracy from Fig. 3. As in Fig. 3, the pump parameters are λp = 0.53 μm, τ = 1.3 ps for KDP-II; λp = 0.6 μm, τ = 0.2 ps for BBO. From Eq. (3), adopting the d’s that are quoted in text, the pump intensities that are necessary for the reported Γ0 are Φp = 18 GW/cm2 for KDP-II at Γ0 = 4 cm−1; Φp = 12 GW/cm2 for BBO-I at Γ0 = 15 cm−1; Φp = 19 GW/cm2 for BBO-II at Γ0 = 15 cm−1. (a) KDP-II; α, α: Γ0 = 4 cm−1; β, β: Γ0 = 2.5 cm−1. (b) BBO-I; α, α: Γ0 = 15 cm−1; β, β: Γ0 = 10 cm−1, (c) BBO-II; α, α: Γ0 = 15 cm−1; β, β: Γ0 = 10 cm−1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral bandwidth Δνs of the signal pulse versus λs. The setup is as in Fig. 1(a). The pump parameters are λp = 0.53 μm, τp = 1.3 ps, Δνp = 20 cm−1. Solid curve, ΔνL, calculated from Eq. (4). For (a) BBO-I and (b) (top curve) BBO-II, L = 0.8 cm, two passes. For (b) (bottom curve) KDP-II we performed one pass in a L = 4 cm KDP-II crystal and then one pass in a BBO-I amplifier (the pass in BBO-I is irrelevant with respect to the spectral bandwidth). Φ ≈ 20 GW/cm2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectral bandwidth and autocorrelation trace recorded simultaneously in a single shot. (a) τs = 0.57 ps. (b) τs = 0.74 ps. (c) Δν = 25 cm−1. (d) Δν = 33 cm−1. (a) and (c) show data that were collected at λs = 1 μm; (b) and (d) show data that were collected at λs ≈ 0.9 μm. The pump parameters are λp = 0.53 μm, τp = 1.3 ps, Δνp = 20 cm−1. The setup is as in Fig. 1(a). The crystals were KDP-II, L = 4 cm, and then BBO-I, L = 1 cm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Conversion efficiency and spectral bandwidths with BBO-II. The pump parameters are τp = 190 fs, λp = 0.6 μm, Ep = 90 μJ. The setup is as in Fig. 1(b). The curves are only a guide for the eye.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Autocorrelation traces and spectral widths of pump and signal pulses. (a), (b) Data for LBO with signal pulses at 890 nm. (c), (d) Data for BBO-II with signal pulses at 1020 nm. (d), (e) Data for pump pulses at 605 nm. The conditions for BBO-II are the same as in Fig. 7; for LBO they are the same as in Fig. 10 below. (a) τs ≈ 200 fs, (b) Δν ≈ 230 cm−1, (c) τs ≈ 180 fs, (d) Δν ≈ 120 cm−1, (e) τs ≈ 190 fs, (f) Δν ≈ 120 cm−1.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Conversion efficiency versus the delay of p2, the pump of the amplifier: (a) BBO-II in both seeder and amplifier, (b) BBO-II in seeder and BBO-I in amplifier; the setup and the pump parameters are as in Fig. 7; λs = 0.83 μm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Conversion and (b) tuning curve for LBO in noncritical phase matching. The pump parameters are τp = 190 fs, λp = 0.6 μm, Ep = 30 μJ. The setup is as in Fig. 1(b). The curve in (a) is only a guide to the eye.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Estimated Contributions to the Spectral Width of the Signal Pulse in the Crystalsa

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the Results Obtained with the 1.3-ps Pump at 0.53 μm, Ep = 1 mJ, and the Setup Shown in Fig. 1(a)

Tables Icon

Table 3 Summary of the Results Obtained with the 190-fs Pump at 0.6 μm and the Setup Shown in Fig. 1(b)

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ ( / x + 1 / υ s ( / t ) ] E s ( x , t ) = i ( ω s 2 / 2 c 2 k s ) χ eff E i * E p exp ( i Δ k x ) ,
( / ξ ) + ( 1 / υ s 1 / υ p ) ( / t ) E s ( ξ, τ ) = i ( ω s 2 / 2 c 2 k s ) χ eff E i * E p exp ( i Δ k ξ ) .
l j = τ / [ ( 1 / υ j ) ( 1 / υ p ) ] , j = s , i
G 0 = 0.25 exp { 2 [ Γ 0 2 ( Δ k / 2 ) 2 ] 1 / 2 L } ,
Γ 0 = 2 ( ω s ω i ) 1 / 2 ( 0 n s n i n p c 3 ) 1 / 2 Φ 1 / 2 d eff ,
Δ ν L = 0.53 / c Γ 0 / L | u s i | for 1 / u s i 0
Δ ν L = 0.58 / c ( Γ 0 / L ) 1 / 4 / | g s + g i | 1 / 2 for 1 / u s i = 0 ,

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