Abstract

The design and performance of a continuously operated singly resonant synchronously pumped potassium titanyl phosphate optical parametric oscillator is described. With an all-solid-state pump source providing 2-ps pulses at 523 nm, we found that the oscillation threshold pump intensity was ~60 MW cm−2, in good agreement with design calculations. The output of the optical parametric oscillator provided transform-limited pulses of 1–2-ps duration at a 125-MHz repetition rate, continuously tunable over the range of 938–1184 nm, with tens of milliwatts of average power.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).
  10. G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw, synchronously pumped, all-solid-state, four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 663–664.
  19. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Guha, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady state,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  22. E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Efficient generation of ultrashort wavelength tunable infrared pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1491–1506 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. C. Edelstein, “New sources and techniques for ultrafast laser spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., 1990).
  25. M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), pp. 47–160.
  27. S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,”in Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-Optics (Polytechnic, New York, 1964), Vol. 14, pp. 333–347.
  29. M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. Hon, “High average power efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 421–484.
  31. T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. J. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  33. R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  35. S. T. Yang, C. C. Pohalski, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, R. J. Raymakers, R. K. Route, “6.5-W, 532-nm radiation by cw resonant external-cavity second-harmonic generation of an 18-W Nd:YAG laser in LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1493–1495 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. K. Kato, “Tunable uv generation to 0.2325 μ m in LiB3O5,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1173–1175 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  39. J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  40. J. Jacco, D. R. Rockafellow, E. A. Teppo, “Bulk-darkening threshold of flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1307–1309 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

1991

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Efficient generation of ultrashort wavelength tunable infrared pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1491–1506 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Jacco, D. R. Rockafellow, E. A. Teppo, “Bulk-darkening threshold of flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1307–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, C. C. Pohalski, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, R. J. Raymakers, R. K. Route, “6.5-W, 532-nm radiation by cw resonant external-cavity second-harmonic generation of an 18-W Nd:YAG laser in LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1493–1495 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Tunable uv generation to 0.2325 μ m in LiB3O5,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1173–1175 (1990).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady state,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

1982

S. Guha, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977

T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1965

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S. A.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bromley, L. J.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

S. T. Yang, C. C. Pohalski, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, R. J. Raymakers, R. K. Route, “6.5-W, 532-nm radiation by cw resonant external-cavity second-harmonic generation of an 18-W Nd:YAG laser in LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1493–1495 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), pp. 47–160.

Chen, C.

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E. C.

Chirkin, A. S.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Drabovich, K. N.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edelstein, D. C.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, “New sources and techniques for ultrafast laser spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., 1990).

Falk, J.

S. Guha, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, C. E. Huang, B. Q. Hu, R. C. Eckardt, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, “Second harmonic generation and accurate index of refraction measurements in flux grown KTiOPO4,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2390–2394 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feigelson, R. S.

Ferguson, A. I.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw, synchronously pumped, all-solid-state, four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 663–664.

Fu, Q.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

S. Guha, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

Guy, A.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

Hanna, D. C.

M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hon, D.

D. Hon, “High average power efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 421–484.

Hu, B. Q.

Huang, C. E.

Huang, J. Y.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jacco, J.

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Tunable uv generation to 0.2325 μ m in LiB3O5,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1173–1175 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Khokhlov, R. V.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,”in Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-Optics (Polytechnic, New York, 1964), Vol. 14, pp. 333–347.

Kovrigin, A. I.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kuizenga, D. J.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kushida, T.

T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ling, J.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Mak, G.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maker, G. T.

M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw, synchronously pumped, all-solid-state, four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 663–664.

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, M. J.

M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ojima, M.

T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Pelouch, W. S.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).

Persaud, M. A.

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Phillion, D. W.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pohalski, C. C.

Powers, P. E.

Raymakers, R. J.

Robertson, A.

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw, synchronously pumped, all-solid-state, four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 663–664.

Rockafellow, D. R.

Route, R. K.

Shen, Y. R.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevicius, V.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sohorukov, A. P.

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Teppo, E. A.

Tolchard, J. M.

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Umbrass, A.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanherzeele, H.

Wachman, E. S.

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Lin, J. Y. Huang, J. Ling, C. Chen, Y. R. Shen, “Optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal tunable from 0.65 to 2.5 μ m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2805–2807 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Noncritically phase-matched second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in a lithium triborate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1579–1581 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency doubled mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Guha, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Akhmanov, A. S. Chirkin, K. N. Drabovich, A. I. Kovrigin, R. V. Khokhlov, A. P. Sohorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Persaud, J. M. Tolchard, A. I. Ferguson, “Efficient generation of picosecond pulses at 243 nm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1253–1258 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, “Tunable uv generation to 0.2325 μ m in LiB3O5,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1173–1175 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3, and KTP measured by phase matched second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Phillion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytical expressions for ultrashort pulse generation on mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 19, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Kushida, Y. Tanaka, M. Ojima, “Tunable picosecond pulse generation by optical parametric oscillation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 2227–2235 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “The parametric generation of bandwidth limited picosecond light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 73, 322–324 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. J. McCarthy, G. T. Maker, D. C. Hanna, “Efficient frequency doubling of a self-starting additive-pulse mode-locked diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 82, 327–332 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jacco, D. R. Rockafellow, E. A. Teppo, “Bulk-darkening threshold of flux-grown KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1307–1309 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Yang, C. C. Pohalski, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, R. S. Feigelson, R. J. Raymakers, R. K. Route, “6.5-W, 532-nm radiation by cw resonant external-cavity second-harmonic generation of an 18-W Nd:YAG laser in LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1493–1495 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. Piskarskas, V. Smilgevicius, A. Umbrass, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Z. Appl. Phys.

E. S. Wachman, W. S. Pelouch, C. L. Tang, “Cw femtosecond pulses tunable in the near- and midinfrared,” Z. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893–1895 (1991).

Other

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw, synchronously pumped, all-solid-state, four-color LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 663–664.

D. C. Edelstein, “New sources and techniques for ultrafast laser spectroscopy,” Ph.D. dissertation (Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., 1990).

R. L. Byer, “Parametric oscillators and nonlinear materials,” in Nonlinear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherrett, eds. (Academic, San Francisco, Calif., 1977), pp. 47–160.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupling and conversion coefficients for optical modes,”in Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-Optics (Polytechnic, New York, 1964), Vol. 14, pp. 333–347.

D. Hon, “High average power efficient second harmonic generation,” in Laser Handbook, M. L. Stitch, ed. (North Holland, Amsterdam, 1979), pp. 421–484.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated tuning curves for KTP with a pump wavelength of 523 nm based on the Sellmeier relations of Bierlein and Vanherzeele.32 Starting from the right-hand side of the x axis at θ = 90°, ϕ = 90°, which corresponds to propagation along the KTP crystallographic y axis, decreasing ϕ corresponds to angle tuning in the xy plane to ϕ = 0°, which corresponds to propagation along the crystallographic x axis. Angle tuning is then away from the x axis in the zx plane, maintaining ϕ = 0° while θ varies.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated temperature-tuning behavior for LBO with a pump wavelength of 523 nm based on the temperature-dependent Sellmeier relations of Lin et al.37

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental arrangement. HR, high reflector.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of the average signal and idler output power with the average pump power incident upon the KTP crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of the pump depletion and signal efficiency (ratio of average signal-output power to average pump power incident upon the KTP crystal) with average pump power incident upon the KTP crystal.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Variation of the average signal-output power with SPOPO-cavity-length detuning at a pump power of 200 mW at 523 nm incident upon the SPOPO cavity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Variation of the signal-pulse duration FWHM with average pump power at 523 nm incident upon the KTP crystal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Interferometric autocorrelations of the signal-output pulse. (a) At optimum length detuning, the signal pulse is transform limited, as indicated by the interference fringes extending out into the wings of the autocorrelation. With increasing SPOPO-cavity detuning to longer cavity lengths the signal pulses progressively shorten and acquire an increasing chirp, as indicated by the rising wings of the autocorrelation in (b) ~4-μm detuning and (c) ~8-μm detuning.

Equations (34)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d E s d z = j κ s E p E i * exp ( j Δ k z ) ,
d E i d z = j κ i E p E s * exp ( j Δ k z ) .
κ m = ω m d eff n m c .
E s ( l g ) = E s ( 0 ) cosh ( Γ l g ) + j κ s E p Γ E i * ( 0 ) sinh ( Γ l g ) ,
E i ( l g ) = E i ( 0 ) cosh ( Γ l g ) + j κ s E p Γ E s * ( 0 ) sinh ( Γ l g ) .
Γ = ( κ s κ i | E p | 2 ) 1 / 2 .
E s ( 0 ) = ( 1 α s ) E s ( l g ) ,
( 1 α s ) cosh ( Γ l g ) = 1.
Γ 2 l g 2 = 2 α s = L ,
E s r = E s 0 exp ( r 2 w s 2 ) .
1 w ¯ s 2 = 1 w i 2 + 1 w p 2 .
1 w ¯ i 2 = 1 w s 2 + 1 w p 2 .
w ¯ i = w i .
c s = + P s ( x ) E s ( x ) d x + P s ( y ) E s ( y ) d y + P s ( t ) E s ( t ) d t ,
c s = [ 2 / ( π w s 2 ) ] 1 / 2 + d x × exp [ ( x ρ s z ) 2 w s 2 + x 2 w i 2 + ( x ρ p z ) 2 w p 2 ] × [ 2 / ( π w s 2 ) ] 1 / 2 + d y exp [ y 2 w s 2 + y 2 w i 2 + y 2 w p 2 ] × [ 2 / ( π τ s 2 ) ] 1 / 2 + d t × exp [ ( t ν s z ) 2 τ s 2 + ( t ν i z ) 2 τ i 2 + t 2 τ p 2 ] .
ν s ( i ) = 1 υ g s ( i ) 1 υ g p ,
c s = g s g t exp ( π 4 z 2 l w 2 ) ,
g s = w p 2 w s 2 + w p 2 ,
g t = [ τ p 2 / ( τ s 2 + τ p 2 ) ] 1 / 2 .
1 l w 2 = 1 l s 2 + 1 l t 2 ,
l s = π 2 ( ( ρ s 2 w s 2 + ρ p 2 w p 2 ) { [ ( ρ s / w s 2 ) + ( ρ p / w p 2 ) ] 2 2 [ ( 1 / w s 2 ) + ( 1 + w p 2 ) ] } ) 1 / 2
l t = π 2 ( [ ν s 2 τ s 2 + ν i 2 ( 1 τ s 2 + 1 τ p 2 ) ] { ( ν s / τ s 2 ) + ν i [ ( 1 / τ s 2 ) + ( 1 / τ p 2 ) ] } 2 2 [ ( 1 / τ s 2 ) + ( 1 / τ p 2 ) ] ) 1 / 2 .
c i = exp ( π 4 z 2 l w 2 ) .
Γ = ( 2 ω s ω i d eff 2 n s n i n p 0 c 3 g s g t I p ) 1 / 2 ,
I p = 1 2 n p c 0 | E p | 2 .
l g = 0 l c exp ( π 4 z 2 l w 2 ) d z
= l w erf ( π 2 l c l w ) ,
η ( Δ ν p ) η ( 0 ) = g ( Δ ν p ) h ( Δ ν ) d ν g ( Δ ν p ) d ν .
η ( ν p ) η ( 0 ) = [ Δ ν 2 / ( Δ ν 2 + Δ ν p 2 ) ] 1 / 2 .
η ( Δ θ p ) η ( 0 ) [ Δ θ 2 / ( Δ θ 2 + Δ θ p 2 ) ] 1 / 2 .
Δ θ p = 0.4 λ π w 0
ν p s = 0.47 ps mm 1 , ν p i = 0.15 ps mm 1 .
η ( Δ ν p ) η ( Δ θ p ) Γ 2 l 2 = 7 × 10 4 MW 1 cm 2 .
η ( Δ ν p ) η ( Δ θ p ) Γ 2 l 2 = 0.7 W 1

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