Abstract

We discuss recent research on synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillators, outlining some advantages that this technique has over Q-switched pulsed and cw modes of operation. We also describe synchronously pumped devices that use potassium titanyl phosphate and lithium triborate with pump lasers based on second-harmonic generation of the 1047-nm transition in Nd:YLF. Specific emphasis is placed on all-solid-state synchronous pumping of the parametric oscillators and the ability to achieve high efficiencies with relatively low average pump powers. Both doubly and singly resonant devices are discussed with respect to their relative operational merits. We demonstrate broad tuning ranges, from the visible into the IR, and simultaneous four-color operation of the lithium triborate devices with both mode-locked Q-switched and cw mode-locked pump sources.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams.” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–113 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. P. Bey, C. L. Tang, “Plane wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator–upconverter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. G. Smith, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. J. DeMaria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1976), pp. 189–307.
  7. R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), pp. 81–137.
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Non-linear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherret, eds. (Academic, New York, 1977), pp. 47–60.
  9. S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Falk, “Instabilities in the doubly resonant parametric oscillator: a theoretical analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230–235 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some spectral properties of doubly and singly resonant pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 399–401 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, “Visible cw parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 109–111 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, “Efficient single-axial-mode operation of a monolithic MgO:LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1134–1136 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. J. Kozlovlsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, “Monolithic MgO:LiNBO3doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a frequency-doubled diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 14, 66–68 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-barium borate crystal pumped by a XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.37 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, A. D. Hays, R. Burnham, “Efficient optical parametric oscillator at 1.6 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 16, 681–683 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. Robertson, M. H. Dunn, “Efficient ultraviolet LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 16, 767–769 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Hanson, D. Dick, “Blue parametric generation from temperature-tuned LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 205–207 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Y. Tang, Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, “Lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator pumped at 266 nm,” Opt. Lett. 17, 192–194 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. G. H. C. New, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 46, 877–971 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086–2096 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  31. K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  32. A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87–89 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  33. Y. Tanaka, T. Kushida, S. Shionoya, “Broadly tunable, repetitive, picosecond parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 25, 273–276 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  34. L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in BBO,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  35. L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  36. A. S. Piskarskas, V. J. Smilgevecius, A. P. Umbrasas, “Parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate synchronously pumped by the third harmonic of a continuously excited mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 335–338 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  37. S. Burdulis, R. Grigonis, A. S. Piskarskas, “Visible optical parametric oscillation in synchronously pumped beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 74, 398–402 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  38. A. S. Piskarskas, V. Smil’gyavichyus, A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  39. M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  40. H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049–3058 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  41. H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a slow saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736–747 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  42. H. A. Haus, “A theory of forced mode-locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 323–330 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  43. E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  44. D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  45. E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  47. Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled, mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  50. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  51. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  52. M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  53. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritically phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421–1423 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  54. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  55. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Broadly tunable, all-solid-state, visible and infrared picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 278–280 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  56. S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541–1543 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  57. A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992); postdeadline paper PD15, pp. 663–664.
  58. S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  59. J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 213–215 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  60. S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2182–2192 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (10)

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, “Lithium triborate optical parametric oscillator pumped at 266 nm,” Opt. Lett. 17, 192–194 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, M. H. Dunn, C. J. Norrie, W. Sibbett, B. D. Sinclair, Y. Tang, J. A. C. Terry, “All-solid-state optical parametric oscillator for the visible,” Opt. Lett. 17, 646–648 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086–2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritically phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421–1423 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (7)

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541–1543 (1991).
[CrossRef]

F. Hanson, D. Dick, “Blue parametric generation from temperature-tuned LiB3O5,” Opt. Lett. 16, 205–207 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Marshall, J. Kasinski, A. D. Hays, R. Burnham, “Efficient optical parametric oscillator at 1.6 μ m,” Opt. Lett. 16, 681–683 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. Robertson, M. H. Dunn, “Efficient ultraviolet LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 16, 767–769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 213–215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (6)

E. C. Cheung, J. M. Liu, “Theory of a synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator in steady-state operation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1385–1401 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled, mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Piskarskas, V. J. Smilgevecius, A. P. Umbrasas, “Parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate synchronously pumped by the third harmonic of a continuously excited mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 335–338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Burdulis, R. Grigonis, A. S. Piskarskas, “Visible optical parametric oscillation in synchronously pumped beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 74, 398–402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.37 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (8)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovlsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, “Monolithic MgO:LiNBO3doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a frequency-doubled diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 14, 66–68 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, “Efficient single-axial-mode operation of a monolithic MgO:LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1134–1136 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele, “Potassium titanyl phosphate: properties and new applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622–633 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (4)

H. Komine, “Optical parametric oscillation in a beta-barium borate crystal pumped by a XeCl excimer laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 643–645 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in BBO,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Piskarskas, V. Smil’gyavichyus, A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. H. C. New, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 46, 877–971 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

Y. Tanaka, T. Kushida, S. Shionoya, “Broadly tunable, repetitive, picosecond parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 25, 273–276 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (3)

H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049–3058 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a slow saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736–747 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, “A theory of forced mode-locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 323–330 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87–89 (1974).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Bey, C. L. Tang, “Plane wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator–upconverter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

J. Falk, “Instabilities in the doubly resonant parametric oscillator: a theoretical analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230–235 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968 (4)

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams.” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some spectral properties of doubly and singly resonant pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 399–401 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, “Visible cw parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 109–111 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bey, P. P.

P. P. Bey, C. L. Tang, “Plane wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator–upconverter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bierlein, J. D.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some effects of spatially nonuniform pumping in pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109–118 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, “Some spectral properties of doubly and singly resonant pulsed optical parametric oscillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 399–401 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams.” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Bromley, L. J.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in BBO,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Burdulis, S.

S. Burdulis, R. Grigonis, A. S. Piskarskas, “Visible optical parametric oscillation in synchronously pumped beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 74, 398–402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burneika, K.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R.

Byer, R. L.

C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, W. J. Kozlovsky, R. L. Byer, “Efficient single-axial-mode operation of a monolithic MgO:LiNbO3optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1134–1136 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Kozlovlsky, C. D. Nabors, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, “Monolithic MgO:LiNBO3doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped by a frequency-doubled diode-laser-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 14, 66–68 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan, R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, “Visible cw parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 109–111 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Non-linear Optics, P. G. Harper, B. S. Wherret, eds. (Academic, New York, 1977), pp. 47–60.

R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), pp. 81–137.
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541–1543 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 213–215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, E. C.

Cui, Y.

Davis, L.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dick, D.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Broadly tunable, all-solid-state, visible and infrared picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 278–280 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritically phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421–1423 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. Robertson, M. H. Dunn, “Efficient ultraviolet LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 16, 767–769 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.37 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992); postdeadline paper PD15, pp. 663–664.

Eckardt, R. C.

Edelstein, D. C.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Falk, J.

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Falk, “Instabilities in the doubly resonant parametric oscillator: a theoretical analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 230–235 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Broadly tunable, all-solid-state, visible and infrared picosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 278–280 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Temperature-tuned noncritically phase-matched picosecond LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1421–1423 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Singly resonant, all-solid-state, mode-locked LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator tunable from 652 nm to 2.65 μ m” Opt. Lett. 17, 652–654 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. J. Hall, A. I. Ferguson, “Picosecond infrared optical parametric generation in KTP using a diode-laser-pumped solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1744–1746 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled, mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992); postdeadline paper PD15, pp. 663–664.

Fu, Q.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086–2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Giordmaine, J. A.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Greiter, L.

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87–89 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Grigonis, R.

S. Burdulis, R. Grigonis, A. S. Piskarskas, “Visible optical parametric oscillation in synchronously pumped beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 74, 398–402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Guha, S.

S. Guha, F. Wu, J. Falk, “The effects of focusing on parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 907–912 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Guy, A.

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in BBO,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hall, G. J.

Hanna, D. C.

M. J. McCarthy, D. C. Hanna, “Continuous-wave mode-locked singly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 402–404 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in KTP,” Opt. Commun. 70, 350–354 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Bromley, A. Guy, D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillation in BBO,” Opt. Commun. 67, 316–320 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, F.

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Tunable optical parametric oscillators,” Proc. IEEE 57, 2096–113 (1969).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, “Visible cw parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 109–111 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086–2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a slow saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736–747 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, “Theory of mode-locking with a fast saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049–3058 (1975).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, “A theory of forced mode-locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 323–330 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hays, A. D.

Henderson, A. J.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. J. Henderson, M. H. Dunn, “An excimer-pumped beta-barium borate optical parametric oscillator tunable from 354 nm to 2.37 μ m,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1241–1252 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Byer, R. L. Herbst, “Parametric oscillation and mixing,” in Nonlinear Infrared Generation, Y. R. Shen, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1977), pp. 81–137.
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. Y.

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 213–215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ignatavichyus, M.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, “Analytic theory of additive pulse and Kerr lens mode locking,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086–2096 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

Jiang, A. D.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, R. L. Byer, C. Chen, A. D. Jiang, “Barium borate optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1196–1199 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kabelka, V.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87–89 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kasinski, J.

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd, D. A. Kleinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams.” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

Kozlovlsky, W. J.

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Kuizenga, D. J.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kushida, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Kushida, S. Shionoya, “Broadly tunable, repetitive, picosecond parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 25, 273–276 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Laubereau, A.

A. Laubereau, L. Greiter, W. Kaiser, “Intense tunable picosecond pulses in the infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 87–89 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Levinstein, H. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Lin, S.

S. Lin, B. Wu, F. Xie, C. Chen, “Phase-matching retracing behavior: new features in LiB3O5,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1541–1543 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, S. Lin, “New nonlinear crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 616–621 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

Mak, G.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maker, G. T.

G. T. Maker, A. I. Ferguson, “Doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a frequency-doubled, mode-locked and Q-switched diode laser pumped neodymium yttrium lithium fluoride laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1614–1616 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous-wave mode-locked optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a diode-laser-pumped all-solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 183–185 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992); postdeadline paper PD15, pp. 663–664.

Marshall, L. R.

McCarthy, M. J.

Miller, R. C.

J. A. Giordmaine, R. C. Miller, “Tunable coherent parametric oscillation in LiNbO3at optical frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973–976 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Nabors, C. D.

New, G. H. C.

G. H. C. New, “The generation of ultrashort laser pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 46, 877–971 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Norrie, C. J.

Oshman, M. K.

R. L. Byer, M. K. Oshman, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, “Visible cw parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 109–111 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Pelouch, W. S.

Philion, D. W.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A. S.

S. Burdulis, R. Grigonis, A. S. Piskarskas, “Visible optical parametric oscillation in synchronously pumped beta-barium borate,” Opt. Commun. 74, 398–402 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Piskarskas, V. J. Smilgevecius, A. P. Umbrasas, “Parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate synchronously pumped by the third harmonic of a continuously excited mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 335–338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Piskarskas, V. Smil’gyavichyus, A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Powers, P. E.

Robertson, A.

A. Robertson, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Ebrahimzadeh, A. I. Ferguson, “Continuous generation of tunable picosecond pulses from 650 nm to 2.7 μ m using a cw synchronously pumped all-solid-state four-color LiB3O5optical parametric oscillator,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 12 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992); postdeadline paper PD15, pp. 663–664.

Robertson, G.

Rubin, J. J.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

J. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, Y. R. Shen, C. Chen, B. Wu, “Picosecond optical parametric amplification in lithium triborate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 213–215 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shionoya, S.

Y. Tanaka, T. Kushida, S. Shionoya, “Broadly tunable, repetitive, picosecond parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 25, 273–276 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Siegman, A. E.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, D. W. Philion, A. E. Siegman, “Analytic expressions for ultrashort pulse generation in mode-locked optical parametric oscillators,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 3996–4005 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

Singh, S.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Smil’gyavichyus, V.

A. S. Piskarskas, V. Smil’gyavichyus, A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevecius, V. J.

A. S. Piskarskas, V. J. Smilgevecius, A. P. Umbrasas, “Parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate synchronously pumped by the third harmonic of a continuously excited mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 335–338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, “Optical parametric oscillators,” in Lasers, A. K. Levine, A. J. DeMaria, eds. (Dekker, New York, 1976), pp. 189–307.

Stabinis, A.

K. Burneika, M. Ignatavichyus, V. Kabelka, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, “Parametric light amplification and oscillation in KDP with mode-locked pump,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 574 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Kushida, S. Shionoya, “Broadly tunable, repetitive, picosecond parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 25, 273–276 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

W. S. Pelouch, P. E. Powers, C. L. Tang, “Ti:sapphire-pumped, high-repetition-rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1070–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13–15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Bey, C. L. Tang, “Plane wave theory of parametric oscillator and coupled oscillator–upconverter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 361–369 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Terry, J. A. C.

Umbrasas, A.

A. S. Piskarskas, V. Smil’gyavichyus, A. Umbrasas, “Continuous parametric generation of picosecond light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 18, 155–156 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Umbrasas, A. P.

A. S. Piskarskas, V. J. Smilgevecius, A. P. Umbrasas, “Parametric oscillation in beta-barium borate synchronously pumped by the third harmonic of a continuously excited mode-locked and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 335–338 (1990).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

Q. Fu, G. Mak, H. M. van Driel, “High-power, 62-fs infrared optical parametric oscillator synchronously pumped by a 76-MHz Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1006–1008 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Mak, Q. Fu, H. M. van Driel, “Externally pumped high repetition rate femtosecond infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542–544 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L. G.

R. G. Smith, J. E. Geusic, H. J. Levinstein, J. J. Rubin, S. Singh, L. G. Van Uitert, “Continuous parametric oscillation in Ba2NaNb5O15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 308–309 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Vanherzeele, H.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Velsko, S. P.

S. P. Velsko, M. Webb, L. Davis, C. Huang, “Phase-matched harmonic generation in lithium triborate (LBO),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-27, 2182–2192 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

E. S. Wachman, D. C. Edelstein, C. L. Tang, “Continuous-wave mode-locked and dispersion-compensated femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 136–138 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable high repetition rate femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728–1730 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M.

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (16)

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

General Nd:YLF pump-laser arrangement with astigmatically compensated three-mirror cavity. Both phase modulator and Q switch are optional, depending on the pumping scheme being used.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the sync. pumped picosecond KTP OPO showing the diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser, the single-pass doubling arrangement, and the OPO-cavity configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Waveforms of the transmitted pump pulse through the OPO cavity and the OPO output pulse at 5.5 times threshold. The top curve is the undepleted pump pulse that we observed in the absence of parametric oscillation, whereas the middle (dashed) curve represents the depleted pump under optimum synchronous pumping. The corresponding OPO output pulse envelope is represented by the bottom curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical autocorrelation of the OPO output at a signal wavelength of 1075 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of the CWML KTP OPO showing the Nd:YLF pump laser, external frequency-doubling enhancement cavity, and OPO-cavity configuration. The arrows indicate the OPO output. PZT, piezoelectric transducer.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temperature-tuning range of the picosecond LBO OPO under noncritical type-I phase matching (e-oo) along the x axis (θ = 90°, ϕ = 0°). The curve represents the calculated tuning range, and the output from the OPO is indicated by the experimental data by use of three mirror sets: open circles, 650–800 nm; filled circles, 750–900 nm; triangles, 1020–1200 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Variation in the spectral linewidth of the signal beam across the tuning range of the SRO. Filled circles, line-narrowed bandwidths; open circles, free-running bandwidths.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Autocorrelation trace of the signal pulse at a wavelength of 900 nm and at 1.5 times above threshold.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Internal pump depletion (filled triangles) and external conversion efficiency (open triangles) of the LBO OPO versus number of times above threshold at a signal wavelength of 952 nm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Total average OPO output power versus input power at a signal wavelength of 952 nm.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Schematic of the CWML LBO OPO showing the APM Nd:YLF pump laser, resonant enhancement cavity, and OPO resonator.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Internal (circles) and external (triangles) efficiency versus number of times above threshold for the CWML LBO OPO.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Typical autocorrelation of the CWML LBO OPO-signal beam at 950 nm, with a pump power six times above threshold.

Equations (1)

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n j ( λ k , T ) = n j ( λ k , T 0 ) + T 0 T d n j d t d T ,

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