Abstract

We study the influence of laser exposure on transient absorption in a commercial Schott color glass filter doped by CdSxSe1−x microcrystals. With laser exposure the magnitude of the transient absorption at wavelengths above the band gap (negative, with the fast decay rate ≥1011 s−1), decreases, whereas that at wavelengths below the band gap (positive, decay time of 500 ps) increases (in the spectral interval 600–850 nm) or does not change (at 900–1060 nm). At wavelengths near the band gap the differential absorbance changes in both magnitude and sign. A broad maximum between 700–800 nm, which increases with photodarkening, has been found in the spectrum of transient absorption. We interpret this maximum as arising from an increase in the number of energy states in the gap. The compatibility of our results with the results published previously is discussed, and a modification of recently proposed models of photodarkening is suggested.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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1992

1991

1990

S. M. Saltiel, B. van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Commun. 77, 59 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Kull, J.-L. Coutaz, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 1463 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Horan, W. Blau, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 304 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. P. Zheng, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Tomita, T. Matsumoto, M. Matsuoka, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 165 (1989).
[CrossRef]

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1987

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 64, 200 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. C. Nuss, W. Zinth, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1717 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W.

Borrelli, N. F.

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Choa, F. S.

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Coutaz, J.-L.

Dutton, T. E.

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1802 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 64, 200 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1802 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 64, 200 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

Hall, D. W.

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Holland, H. J.

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Horan, P.

Inokuma, T.

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

M. C. Nuss, W. Zinth, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1717 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. C.

F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1802 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, K.

Kull, M.

Kwok, H. S.

J. P. Zheng, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Liu, P. L.

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lukasik, J.

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Malhotra, J.

Matsumoto, T.

Matsuoka, M.

Mitsunaga, M.

Nuss, M. C.

M. C. Nuss, W. Zinth, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1717 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Potter, B. G.

Remillard, J. T.

Rentzepis, P. M.

I. V. Tomov, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Saltiel, B. van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Commun. 77, 59 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

F. Hache, M. C. Klein, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1802 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 5 (1987).
[CrossRef]

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 64, 200 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Roussignol, P.

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, B. van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Commun. 77, 59 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shinojima, H.

Smith, D. W.

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D. G.

Tomita, M.

Tomov, I. V.

van Wonterghem, B.

S. M. Saltiel, B. van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Commun. 77, 59 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J. P.

J. P. Zheng, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

M. C. Nuss, W. Zinth, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1717 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. P. Zheng, L. Shi, F. S. Choa, P. L. Liu, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 643 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Zheng, H. S. Kwok, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nuss, W. Zinth, W. Kaiser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1717 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

N. F. Borrelli, D. W. Hall, H. J. Holland, D. W. Smith, J. Appl. Phys. 61, 5399 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. van Wonterghem, S. M. Saltiel, T. E. Dutton, P. M. Rentzepis, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 4935 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

S. M. Saltiel, B. van Wonterghem, P. M. Rentzepis, Opt. Commun. 77, 59 (1990).
[CrossRef]

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Opt. Commun. 64, 200 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

T. Inokuma, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,093 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, Phys. Rev. B 42, 11,123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other

O. Madelung, M. Schultz, H. Weiss, eds., Landoldt–Börnstein Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1972), Vol. 17b, p. 471.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dynamics of the differential absorbance of the sample. The filled squares correspond to the darkened sample and the open squares to the unexposed filter. (a) Dynamics of absorbance AE, with probe- and pump-pulse wavelengths of 532 nm and a pump-pulse fluence of 0.3 J cm−2. (b) Dynamics of differential absorbance at 562 nm, with a pump-pulse wavelength of 532 nm and a fluence of 0.6 J cm−2. (c) Dynamics of differential absorbance at 700 nm, with a pump-pulse wavelength of 532 nm and a fluence of 0.8 J cm−2. The fit corresponds to the model of the monoexponential decay with a time constant of 500 ps.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of differential absorbance. The filled squares correspond to the darkened sample and the open squares to the unexposed sample. The pump-pulse f luence is 1.1 J cm−2 and the probe-pulse delay is 80 ps. For comparison, the absorbance without the pump is shown (crosses).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effect of photodarkening on the absorbance. The change of absorbances, A(E) − A(E = 0), with and without the pump at 800 nm, is plotted as a function of the laser exposure E. The pump-pulse fluence is 0.5 J cm−2 and the probe-pulse delay is 10 ps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic representation of the electronic levels of the suggested model. DT, deep traps; ST, surface traps; L, defect state on the surface. The arrow represents a transient absorption process from the level L, and the double arrows represent the excitation.

Equations (2)

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T E , 0 = exp ( A E , 0 ) .
A D = A E A 0 .

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