Abstract

The structure of the forbidden transition λ = 647.5 nm ( 6p3S43/2-6p3D25/2) in Bi i has been completely analyzed by means of a Fourier-transform spectrometer. In addition to the 12 components corresponding to ΔF = 0, ±1, two components corresponding to ΔF = ±2 have been observed for the first time to our knowledge. From the intensity calculations, it is estimated that the admixture of electric-quadrupole radiation is about 20%, in agreement with the earlier theoretical calculations of Garstang [ J. Res. Nat. Bureau Stand. Sect. A 68, 61 ( 1964)]. The A and B constants are also calculated and compared with earlier results. The value of the level D25/2 has been recalculated to be 15437.51 ± 0.01 cm−1.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Goudsmit and E. Back, "Feinstruckturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums." Z. Phys. 43, 321–334 (1927).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Mrozowski, "Arc spectrum of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 62, 526–533 (1942).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, "The hyperfine structure of 209Bi," Philos. Mag. 5, 1281–1289 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. J. Hull and G. O. Brink, "Hyperfine structure of Bi209," Phys Rev. A 1, 685–693 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Mrozowski, "Forbidden lines of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 69, 169–172 (1946).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Garstang, "Transition probabilities of forbidden lines," J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 68, 61–73 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Heldt, "Hyperfine structure of the multipole lines of bismuth (Bi I)," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 1516–1519 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. A. Landman and A. Lurio, "Hyperfine structure of the (6p)3 configuration of Bi209," Phys. Rev. A 7, 1330–1338 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Rosen, "Hyperfine structure analysis for the ground configuration of bismuth," Phys. Scr. 6, 37–46 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Müller, Ph.D. Thesis (Technische Universitat, West Berlin, 1974) (unpublished).
  12. J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

1977 (1)

J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

G. Müller, Ph.D. Thesis (Technische Universitat, West Berlin, 1974) (unpublished).

1973 (1)

R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

1972 (1)

A. Rosen, "Hyperfine structure analysis for the ground configuration of bismuth," Phys. Scr. 6, 37–46 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (3)

R. J. Hull and G. O. Brink, "Hyperfine structure of Bi209," Phys Rev. A 1, 685–693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Landman and A. Lurio, "Hyperfine structure of the (6p)3 configuration of Bi209," Phys. Rev. A 7, 1330–1338 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

1964 (1)

R. H. Garstang, "Transition probabilities of forbidden lines," J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 68, 61–73 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, "The hyperfine structure of 209Bi," Philos. Mag. 5, 1281–1289 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

S. Mrozowski, "Forbidden lines of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 69, 169–172 (1946).
[CrossRef]

1942 (1)

S. Mrozowski, "Arc spectrum of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 62, 526–533 (1942).
[CrossRef]

1927 (1)

S. Goudsmit and E. Back, "Feinstruckturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums." Z. Phys. 43, 321–334 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Arcimowvicz, B.

J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Back, E.

S. Goudsmit and E. Back, "Feinstruckturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums." Z. Phys. 43, 321–334 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Brink, G. O.

R. J. Hull and G. O. Brink, "Hyperfine structure of Bi209," Phys Rev. A 1, 685–693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Connes, J.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Connes, P.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Delouis, H.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Dembczynski, J.

J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Garstang, R. H.

R. H. Garstang, "Transition probabilities of forbidden lines," J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 68, 61–73 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Goudsmit, S.

S. Goudsmit and E. Back, "Feinstruckturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums." Z. Phys. 43, 321–334 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Guelachvili, G.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Gursch, O.

R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

Heldt, J.

Hull, R. J.

R. J. Hull and G. O. Brink, "Hyperfine structure of Bi209," Phys Rev. A 1, 685–693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Landman, D. A.

D. A. Landman and A. Lurio, "Hyperfine structure of the (6p)3 configuration of Bi209," Phys. Rev. A 7, 1330–1338 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Lurio, A.

D. A. Landman and A. Lurio, "Hyperfine structure of the (6p)3 configuration of Bi209," Phys. Rev. A 7, 1330–1338 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Maillard, J. P.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Michel, G.

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Mrozowski, S.

S. Mrozowski, "Forbidden lines of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 69, 169–172 (1946).
[CrossRef]

S. Mrozowski, "Arc spectrum of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 62, 526–533 (1942).
[CrossRef]

Müller, G.

G. Müller, Ph.D. Thesis (Technische Universitat, West Berlin, 1974) (unpublished).

Rosen, A.

A. Rosen, "Hyperfine structure analysis for the ground configuration of bismuth," Phys. Scr. 6, 37–46 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Skrok, D.

R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

Smith, K. F.

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, "The hyperfine structure of 209Bi," Philos. Mag. 5, 1281–1289 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Title, R. S.

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, "The hyperfine structure of 209Bi," Philos. Mag. 5, 1281–1289 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, R.

R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

Wisniewski, K.

J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. B. (1)

J. Dembczynski, B. Arcimowvicz, and K. Wisniewski, "Investigation of the hyperfine structure of 209Bi in some levels of the Bi I spectrum," J. Phys. B. 10, 2951–2962 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A (1)

R. H. Garstang, "Transition probabilities of forbidden lines," J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand. Sect. A 68, 61–73 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. (1)

J. Connes, H. Delouis, P. Connes, G. Guelachvili, J. P. Maillard, and G. Michel, Nouv. Rev. Opt. App. 1, 3–22 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Philos. Mag. (1)

R. S. Title and K. F. Smith, "The hyperfine structure of 209Bi," Philos. Mag. 5, 1281–1289 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Phys Rev. A (1)

R. J. Hull and G. O. Brink, "Hyperfine structure of Bi209," Phys Rev. A 1, 685–693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev (2)

S. Mrozowski, "Forbidden lines of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 69, 169–172 (1946).
[CrossRef]

S. Mrozowski, "Arc spectrum of bismuth Bi I," Phys. Rev 62, 526–533 (1942).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. A. Landman and A. Lurio, "Hyperfine structure of the (6p)3 configuration of Bi209," Phys. Rev. A 7, 1330–1338 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr. (1)

A. Rosen, "Hyperfine structure analysis for the ground configuration of bismuth," Phys. Scr. 6, 37–46 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. (1)

S. Goudsmit and E. Back, "Feinstruckturen und Termordnung des Wismutspektrums." Z. Phys. 43, 321–334 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. Müller, Ph.D. Thesis (Technische Universitat, West Berlin, 1974) (unpublished).

R. Winkler, O. Gursch, and D. Skrok, in Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy (European Group for Atomic Spectroscopy, Lund, Sweden, 1973).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Observed hfs transitions in the 647.5-nm line. The dashed lines indicate the observed components that are due to electric-quadrupole radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Actual plot of the line λ = 647.5 nm. The numbers indicate the weak components among the 14 lines observed. See Table 2 for details.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Values of the Magnetic-Dipole A and Electric-Quadrupole B Coupling Constants(in millikaysers)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured hfs Components of the Line λ = 647.5 nm (15437.51 cm−1)a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Theoretical Relative Intensities of Multiplet Lines between Transition of 2D5/24S3/2I(9/2) in Assuming 80% Magnetic-Dipole and 20% Electric-Quadrupole Radiationa

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