Abstract

We report the observation of enhanced optical second-harmonic generation in transmission that is due to excitation of the fundamental long-range surface-plasmon mode on both surfaces of a thin silver film bounded by a nonlinear X-cut quartz crystal and an index-matched liquid. The coherent harmonic generation that is observed leaving the polished side face of the nonlinear crystal is 3 orders of magnitude larger than that generated from a Z-cut quartz crystal in a Maker experiment.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Sarid, “Long-range surface plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Sarid, R. T. Deck, A. E. Craig, R. K. Hickernell, R. S. Jameson, and J. J. Fasano, “Optical field enhancement by long-range surface plasma waves,” Appl. Opt. 21, 3993–3995 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. T. Deck and D. Sarid, “Enhancement of second-harmonic generation by coupling to long-range surface plasmons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1613–1617 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and J. C. Quail, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. B (to be published).
  8. C. K. Chen, A. R. B. DeCastro, and Y. R. Shen, “Coherent second-harmonic generation by counter propagating surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 4, 393–394 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, and H. J. Simon, “Long-range surface plasmon modes in silver and aluminum films,” Opt. Lett. 8, 377–379 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. E. Craig, G. A. Olson, and D. Sanid, “Experimental observation of the long-range surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Lett. 8, 380–382 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964).
  13. R. J. Presley, Handbook of Lasers (Chemical Rubber Company, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

1983 (4)

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, and H. J. Simon, “Long-range surface plasmon modes in silver and aluminum films,” Opt. Lett. 8, 377–379 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Craig, G. A. Olson, and D. Sanid, “Experimental observation of the long-range surface plasmon polariton,” Opt. Lett. 8, 380–382 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (2)

1981 (1)

D. Sarid, “Long-range surface plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1977 (1)

H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Benner, R. E.

H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964).

Chen, C. K.

Craig, A. E.

DeCastro, A. R. B.

Deck, R. T.

Fasano, J. J.

Fukui, M.

Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hickernell, R. K.

Jameson, R. S.

Kuwamura, Y.

Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Olson, G. A.

Presley, R. J.

R. J. Presley, Handbook of Lasers (Chemical Rubber Company, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

Quail, J. C.

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, and H. J. Simon, “Long-range surface plasmon modes in silver and aluminum films,” Opt. Lett. 8, 377–379 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and J. C. Quail, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Rako, J. G.

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, and H. J. Simon, “Long-range surface plasmon modes in silver and aluminum films,” Opt. Lett. 8, 377–379 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and J. C. Quail, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Sanid, D.

Sarid, D.

Shen, Y. R.

Simon, H. J.

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, and H. J. Simon, “Long-range surface plasmon modes in silver and aluminum films,” Opt. Lett. 8, 377–379 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and J. C. Quail, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

Tado, O.

Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

Y. Kuwamura, M. Fukui, and O. Tado, “Experimental observation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 52, 2350–2355 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. J. Simon, R. E. Benner, and J. G. Rako, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in piezoelectric crystals,” Opt. Commun. 23, 245–248 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

N. Bloembergen, H. J. Simon, and C. H. Lee, “Total reflection phenomena in second-harmonic generation of light,” Phys. Rev. 181, 1261–1271 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. C. Quail, J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and R. T. Deck, “Optical second-harmonic generation with long-range surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 50, 1987–1989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. Sarid, “Long-range surface plasma waves on very thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1927–1930 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1964).

R. J. Presley, Handbook of Lasers (Chemical Rubber Company, Cleveland, Ohio, 1971).

J. G. Rako, H. J. Simon, and J. C. Quail, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in nonlinear crystals,” Phys. Rev. B (to be published).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Prism-coupling geometry for observing transmitted SHG with LRSP mode. Quartz crystal with front and side faces polished and axes oriented as shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Second-harmonic transmission coefficient T from prism arrangement shown in Fig. 1, for the case of nearly optimal coupling to the fundamental LRSP mode versus the interior angle of incidence. The experimental points are normalized to the theoretical curve, as discussed in text. θc (ω) and θc(2ω) are the critical angles for total internal reflection of fundamental and the harmonic, respectively.

Equations (3)

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T = ( const . ) × | [ t 3210 ( ω ) ] 2 [ N + ( 2 ω ) R 0123 ( 2 ω ) + N - ( 2 ω ) ] 1 K on ( 2 ω ) | 2 A .
8 π c [ n 0 ( 2 ω ) ] 3 [ n 3 ( ω ) ] 2 ,
N ± ( 2 ω ) = 2 π ( 2 ω c ) [ K on ( 2 ω ) ( χ ( 2 ) : e ^ 0 e ^ 0 ) ± 2 K ( ω ) ( χ ( 2 ) : e ^ 0 e ^ 0 ) n ] [ n 0 ( 2 ω ) ] 2 [ K on ( 2 ω ) ± 2 K on ( ω ) ] .

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