Abstract

In a crossed laser-atomic-beam experiment, eight neon transitions between the levels 1s and 2p are measured to an accuracy of 3–4 parts in 1010 by a direct comparison with a standard laser from the National Bureau of Standards. These transitions are 1s5 → 2p7, 1s3 → 2p5, 1s5 → 2p8, and 1s3 → 2p7 from both 20Ne and 22Ne. The isotope shifts of these transitions are determined to an accuracy of 0.1 MHz.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. R. Amin, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of neon: precision measurement of three 20Ne wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 862 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. P. Layer, “A portable iodine stabilized helium-neon laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 358 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. A. Jennings, C. R. Pollock, F. R. Petersen, R. E. Drullinger, K. M. Evenson, J. S. Wells, J. L. Hall, H. P. Layer, “Direct frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized He–Ne 473-THz (633-nm) laser,” Opt. Lett. 8, 136 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, “Reference wavelengths from atomic spectra in the range 15 Å to 25000 Å,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Bashkin, J. Stoner, Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1975).
  7. G. R. Harrison, MIT Wavelength Tables (MIT, Cambridge, Mass., 1969).
  8. C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1959).
  9. R. S. Amin, “Measurement of the Rydberg constant using crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1982).
  10. P. Zhao, “A new value for the Rydberg constant by precision measurement of the hydrogen Balmer-β transition,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1986).
  11. Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre, “Documents concerning the new definition of the meter,” Metrologia 19, 163 (1983).
  12. S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. R. Bennett, P. J. Kindlmann, “Radiative and collision-induced relaxation of atomic states in the 2p53p configuration of neon,” Phys. Rev. 149, 38 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (3)

1981 (1)

S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Layer, “A portable iodine stabilized helium-neon laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 358 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, “Reference wavelengths from atomic spectra in the range 15 Å to 25000 Å,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

W. R. Bennett, P. J. Kindlmann, “Radiative and collision-induced relaxation of atomic states in the 2p53p configuration of neon,” Phys. Rev. 149, 38 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Amin, R. S.

R. S. Amin, “Measurement of the Rydberg constant using crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1982).

Amin, S. R.

S. R. Amin, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of neon: precision measurement of three 20Ne wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 862 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bashkin, S.

S. Bashkin, J. Stoner, Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1975).

Bennett, W. R.

W. R. Bennett, P. J. Kindlmann, “Radiative and collision-induced relaxation of atomic states in the 2p53p configuration of neon,” Phys. Rev. 149, 38 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caldwell, C. D.

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R. E.

Edlén, B.

V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, “Reference wavelengths from atomic spectra in the range 15 Å to 25000 Å,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Engelke, F.

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Evenson, K. M.

Hage, H.

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, G. R.

G. R. Harrison, MIT Wavelength Tables (MIT, Cambridge, Mass., 1969).

Jennings, D. A.

Jiménez-Mier, J.

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, V.

V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, “Reference wavelengths from atomic spectra in the range 15 Å to 25000 Å,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kindlmann, P. J.

W. R. Bennett, P. J. Kindlmann, “Radiative and collision-induced relaxation of atomic states in the 2p53p configuration of neon,” Phys. Rev. 149, 38 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Layer, H. P.

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Jennings, C. R. Pollock, F. R. Petersen, R. E. Drullinger, K. M. Evenson, J. S. Wells, J. L. Hall, H. P. Layer, “Direct frequency measurement of the I2-stabilized He–Ne 473-THz (633-nm) laser,” Opt. Lett. 8, 136 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. P. Layer, “A portable iodine stabilized helium-neon laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 358 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lichten, W.

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1959).

Petersen, F. R.

Pollock, C. R.

Schühle, U.

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stoner, J.

S. Bashkin, J. Stoner, Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1975).

Wells, J. S.

Zhao, P.

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhao, “A new value for the Rydberg constant by precision measurement of the hydrogen Balmer-β transition,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1986).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

H. P. Layer, “A portable iodine stabilized helium-neon laser,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 358 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

C. D. Caldwell, J. Jiménez-Mier, P. Zhao, F. Engelke, H. Hage, U. Schühle, “Ultrahigh-resolution frequency measurements in the 39K2B1Πu–X1∑g+(6–0) band,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 2, 411 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

V. Kaufman, B. Edlén, “Reference wavelengths from atomic spectra in the range 15 Å to 25000 Å,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 3, 825 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre, “Documents concerning the new definition of the meter,” Metrologia 19, 163 (1983).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. R. Bennett, P. J. Kindlmann, “Radiative and collision-induced relaxation of atomic states in the 2p53p configuration of neon,” Phys. Rev. 149, 38 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

P. Zhao, W. Lichten, H. P. Layer, J. C. Bergquist, “Remeasurement of the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. A. 34, 5138 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. R. Amin, C. D. Caldwell, W. Lichten, “Crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen: a new value for the Rydberg constant,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1234 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

S. Bashkin, J. Stoner, Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1975).

G. R. Harrison, MIT Wavelength Tables (MIT, Cambridge, Mass., 1969).

C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels (National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C., 1959).

R. S. Amin, “Measurement of the Rydberg constant using crossed-beam spectroscopy of hydrogen,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1982).

P. Zhao, “A new value for the Rydberg constant by precision measurement of the hydrogen Balmer-β transition,” Ph.D. dissertation (Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 1986).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experiment. N.D., neutral density.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Picture taken from the screen of the digital recorder showing a typical pressure scan. (b) Horizontally expanded picture from part of (a). The single peak to the left is the standard laser transmission fringe. The doubled peaks to the right are due to those of dye laser.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Uncertainty Estimates (parts in 1010)

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Table 2 Wavelengths of Neon Transitionsa

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Table 3 Isotope Shifts, 20Ne ↔ 22Ne (MHz)

Equations (2)

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1 s 3 ( J = 0 ) 2 p ( J = 1 ) ,             1 s 5 ( J = 2 ) 2 p ( J = 1 , 2 ) ,
λ d = N s N d λ s ,

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