Abstract

Using the zero time-delay second-order correlation function for studying photon statistics, we investigate how the photon statistics of field-modes generated by the parametric down-conversion (PDC) process depends on the photon statistics of the pump field-mode. We derive general expressions for the zero time-delay second-order correlation function of the down-converted field-modes for both multi-mode and single-mode PDC processes. We further study these expressions in the weak down-conversion limit. We show that for a two-photon two-mode PDC process, in which a pump photon splits into two photons into two separate field-modes, the zero time-delay second-order correlation function of the individual down-converted field-modes is equal to twice that of the pump field-mode. Furthermore, for an $n$-photon $n$-mode down-conversion process, in which a pump photon splits into $n$ photons into $n$ separate field-modes, the zero time-delay second-order correlation function of the individual down-converted field-modes is equal to ${2^{(n - 1)}}$ times that of the pump field- mode. However, in contrast to multi-mode PDC processes, for a single-mode PDC process, in which a pump photon splits into two or more photons into a single mode, the zero time-delay second-order correlation function of the down-converted field-mode is not proportional to that of the pump in the weak down-conversion limit. Nevertheless, we find it to be inversely proportional to the average number of photons in the pump field-mode.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (42)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription