Abstract

An experimental scheme, its hardware implementation, and procedure for experimental verification of tripartite quantum state sharing and perfect teleportation of the two-qubit photonic state using four different multipartite quantum channels is presented. The four multipartite channels considered are (1) a pair of Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger triplets, (2) a six-particle cluster state, (3) a highly entangled five-particle Brown state, and (4) a highly entangled six-particle Borras state. In this experiment, optical pulses are delivered by a high repetition rate mode-locked pulsed laser and arbitrary photonic states, in the two-qubit Bloch sphere, are created by the spontaneous parametric down-conversion of optical pulses in a nonlinear crystal. The experimental implementation of the scheme is based on both single-particle and two-particle complete Bell-state measurements, and the unitary transformation required for reconstruction of the qubit is performed using single- and two-qubit operations. Two-qubit operations are implemented using the quantum controlled phase and C-NOT gates. Relative comparison among different multipartite channels along with experimental difficulties and their solutions are also discussed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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