Abstract

A multifluid infiltrated input/output coupler for efficient light transmission from a slow light hole-type hexagonal photonic crystal waveguide (PCW) was designed based on the optofluidic technique. The structure of the coupler is similar to a regular PCW, with a little difference in the two innermost rows, which are filled with different fluids. This coupler allows light to experience a step-by-step change in its group velocity as it reaches and passes the central slow light PCW. Simulation results reveal a transmission improvement of more than 75% with the use of a three-fluid infiltrated coupler compared to a conventional PCW, in which the light is inserted directly to the slow light PCW, with a transmission efficiency of about 10%.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. F. Krauss, “Why do we need slow light?” Nat. Photonics 2, 448–450 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. Y. Petrov and M. Eich, “Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866–4868 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

K. Busch and S. John, “Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: the tunable electromagnetic vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967–970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ahopelto, J.

Anand, S.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Baehr-Jones, T.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, S.

Bettotti, P.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bitarafan, M.

Botten, L.

Busch, K.

K. Busch and S. John, “Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: the tunable electromagnetic vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967–970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cassan, E.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Colocci, M.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

de Sterke, C. M.

Domachuk, P.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dossou, K.

Ebnali-Heidari, A.

Ebnali-Heidari, M.

Eggleton, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eich, M.

A. Y. Petrov and M. Eich, “Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866–4868 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Emery, T.

Engelen, R.

Erickson, D.

Etrich, C.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrini, R.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, D.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, D.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gnan, M.

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

Grillet, C.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, C. Monat, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of slow light photonic crystal waveguides using microfluidic infiltration,” Opt. Express 17, 1628–1635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Monat, C. Grillet, and M. Moravvej-Farshi, “A proposal for enhancing four-wave mixing in slow light engineered photonic crystal waveguides and its application to optical regeneration,” Opt. Express 17, 18340–18353 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, R.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hassanzadeh, S.

Hochberg, M.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hosseinibalam, F.

Hou, J.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J.

Iliew, R.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Intonti, F.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

K. Busch and S. John, “Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: the tunable electromagnetic vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967–970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karnutsch, C.

Kawagishi, Y.

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T.

Krauss, T. F.

Kubo, S.

Kuipers, L.

Kurt, H.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

Lederer, F.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. W.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Lipsanen, H.

Loncar, M.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marris-Morini, D.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maune, B.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Coupling into the slow light mode in slab-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31, 50–52 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R.

Michaeli, A.

Monat, C.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, C. Monat, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of slow light photonic crystal waveguides using microfluidic infiltration,” Opt. Express 17, 1628–1635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Monat, C. Grillet, and M. Moravvej-Farshi, “A proposal for enhancing four-wave mixing in slow light engineered photonic crystal waveguides and its application to optical regeneration,” Opt. Express 17, 18340–18353 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moravvej-Farshi, M.

Moravvej-Farshi, M. K.

Mori, D.

Moss, D. J.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mulot, M.

A. Säynätjoki, M. Mulot, J. Ahopelto, and H. Lipsanen, “Dispersion engineering of photonic crystal waveguides with ring-shaped holes,” Opt. Express 15, 8323–8328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, K.

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O’Faolain, L.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, A. Y.

A. Y. Petrov and M. Eich, “Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866–4868 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pottier, P.

Psaltis, D.

D. Erickson, T. Rockwood, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, “Nanofluidic tuning of photonic crystal circuits,” Opt. Lett. 31, 59–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pudo, D.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rockwood, T.

Ruan, Y.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salib, M.

Sanchis, P.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Säynätjoki, A.

Scherer, A.

D. Erickson, T. Rockwood, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, “Nanofluidic tuning of photonic crystal circuits,” Opt. Lett. 31, 59–61 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, S. L.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Settle, M.

Shimoda, Y.

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. L. C.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Türck, V.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vignolini, S.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Coupling into the slow light mode in slab-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 31, 50–52 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

White, T.

White, T. P.

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D.

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wild, B.

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Witzens, J.

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. K. C.

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

F. Intonti, S. Vignolini, V. Türck, M. Colocci, P. Bettotti, L. Pavesi, S. L. Schweizer, R. Wehrspohn, and D. Wiersma, “Rewritable photonic circuits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. L. C. Smith, D. K. C. Wu, M. W. Lee, C. Monat, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, Y. Ruan, and S. Madden, “Microfluidic photonic crystal double heterostructures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Petrov and M. Eich, “Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866–4868 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Yoshino, Y. Shimoda, Y. Kawagishi, K. Nakayama, and M. Ozaki, “Temperature tuning of the stop band in transmission spectra of liquid-crystal infiltrated synthetic opal as tunable photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 932–934 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Wild, R. Ferrini, R. Houdre, M. Mulot, S. Anand, and C. Smith, “Temperature tuning of the optical properties of planar photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 846–848 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Maune, M. Lončar, J. Witzens, M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, D. Psaltis, A. Scherer, and Y. Qiu, “Liquid-crystal electric tuning of a photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 360–362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, “Analysis of butt coupling in photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 541–550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, D. Pudo, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, M. D. Pelusi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, and L. O’Faolain, “Slow light enhanced nonlinear optics in silicon photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 344–356 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Hao, E. Cassan, H. Kurt, J. Hou, D. Marris-Morini, L. Vivien, D. Gao, Z. Zhou, and X. Zhang, “Novel kind of semislow light photonic crystal waveguides with large delay-bandwidth product,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 844–846 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (3)

T. F. Krauss, “Why do we need slow light?” Nat. Photonics 2, 448–450 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, “Slow light in photonic crystals,” Nat. Photonics 2, 465–473 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1, 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, C. Monat, and B. Eggleton, “Dispersion engineering of slow light photonic crystal waveguides using microfluidic infiltration,” Opt. Express 17, 1628–1635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke, K. Dossou, T. White, L. Botten, and R. McPhedran, “Efficient coupling into slow light photonic crystal waveguide without transition region: role of evanescent modes,” Opt. Express 17, 17338–17343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Settle, R. Engelen, M. Salib, A. Michaeli, L. Kuipers, and T. Krauss, “Flatband slow light in photonic crystals featuring spatial pulse compression and terahertz bandwidth,” Opt. Express 15, 219–226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Säynätjoki, M. Mulot, J. Ahopelto, and H. Lipsanen, “Dispersion engineering of photonic crystal waveguides with ring-shaped holes,” Opt. Express 15, 8323–8328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Monat, C. Grillet, and M. Moravvej-Farshi, “A proposal for enhancing four-wave mixing in slow light engineered photonic crystal waveguides and its application to optical regeneration,” Opt. Express 17, 18340–18353 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Pottier, M. Gnan, and R. M. De La Rue, “Efficient coupling into slow-light photonic crystal channel guides using photonic crystal tapers,” Opt. Express 15, 6569–6575 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Iliew, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Slow-light enhanced collinear second-harmonic generation in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 115124 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and S. John, “Liquid-crystal photonic-band-gap materials: the tunable electromagnetic vacuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 967–970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Uniform W09 PCW with r/a=0.3 (a=420nm) whose two innermost rows are filled with different fluids in the input/output coupler sections (PCW1 and PCW3) and slow light section (PCW2). The length of the central PCW is 28a and for the coupler sections is 10a. The vertical black lines show the boundaries of the sections.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Quasi-TE band structure along the ΓK direction (the black dotted ellipse shows the region of slow mode).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Quasi-TE slow guided mode dispersion band and (b) group index for a variety of fluid refractive indices between 1.7 and 2.0. The horizontal and vertical dashed lines in both graphs, adjusted on the central frequency of the slow mode bandwidth with constant ng (dotted rectangle) for a PCW with nf=1.80, and numbers 1 to 6 show this frequency on different bands. The GVD curve is calculated for a W09 PCW with r/a=0.3, which is infiltrated with a fluid with a refractive index of 1.80.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Distribution of magnetic field Hz over the super cell for different infiltrated fluids in the PCW holes for the frequency a/λ=0.2736.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmission efficiency as a function of δng for a given ng1=4.5.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Transmission efficiency for the case of no coupler (blue dotted curve) shown together with the configurations where the coupler sections are filled with (a) one fluid and (b) two different fluids with the same area fraction. The group index is illustrated as a solid red curve for a PCW infiltrated with a fluid with nf=1.80 All the transmissions in the content of this paper are expressed for the central frequency of a slow mode bandwidth with a constant group index, which is shown with a vertical dashed–dotted line.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Field distribution of TE-like magnetic field, Hz, for one- and two-fluid infiltration within the coupler at frequency a/λ=0.2736. The sections separated with vertical red line(s) are infiltrated with fluids with nf of (a) 1.85 and 1.80, (b) 1.90 and 1.80, (c) 2.0 and 1.80, (d) 1.90, 1.85, and 1.80, (e) 2.0, 1.85, and 1.80, and (f) 2.0, 1.90, and 1.80, from left to right, respectively.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Transmission efficiency when the coupler section was infiltrated with three optical fluids. The group index of the PCW infiltrated with a fluid of refractive index nf=1.8 is shown with a red curve. The brown shaded bar shows the region with a constant value of ng. The vertical dashed–dotted line shows the central frequency of the slow mode band. (b) The field distribution of the TE-like magnetic field, Hz, for the three-fluid infiltration configuration of the coupler at frequency a/λ=0.2736.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Group Index, Group Velocity, and GVD Data for the Dimensionless Frequency of 0.274 for Points Shown in Fig. 3

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ng=c/vg=cdk/dω,
β2=dng/cdω,
η=4ng1ng2(ng1+ng2)2,
η=(1+δngng1)(1+δng2ng1)2.

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