Abstract

A theoretical investigation of the performance of single-mode coupled spontaneous parametric downconversion sources is proposed, which only requires very few assumptions of practical interest: quasi-degenerate collinear generation and narrow bandwidth obtained through spectral filtering. Other assumptions, such as pump-beam spatial and temporal envelopes, target single-mode profile and size, and nonlinear susceptibility distribution, are only taken into account in the final step of the computation, thus making the theory general and flexible. Figures of merit for performance include absolute coupled brightness and conditional coupling efficiency. Their optimization is investigated using functions that only depend on dimensionless parameters, so that the results provide the best experimental configuration for a whole range of design choices (e.g., crystal length, pump power, etc.). A particular application of the theory is validated by an experimental optimization obtained under compatible assumptions. A comparison with other works and proposals for numerically implementing the theory under less stringent assumptions is also provided.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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