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Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, and S. M. Zhao, “Efficient two-step entanglement concentration for arbitrary W states,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 044302 (2012).

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F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multi-photon system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

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[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Entanglement purification and concentration of electron-spin entangled states using quantum-dot spins in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032307 (2011).

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L. Heaney, A. Cabello, M. F. Santos, and V. Vedral, “Extreme nonlocality with one photon,” New J. Phys. 13, 053054–053065(2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

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B. He and J. A. Bergou, “Entanglement transformation with no classical communication,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 062328 (2008).

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Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325 (2008).

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B. He, J. A. Bergou, and Z. Wang, “Implementation of quantum operations on single-photon qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 042326 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum- nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, C. Y. Li, Y. S. Li, H. Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 022338 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, F. G. Deng, Y. S. Li, X. S. Liu, and G. L. Long, “Quantum secure direct communication with high-dimension quantum superdense coding,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 044305 (2005).

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[CrossRef]

T. Aoki, N. Takey, H. Yonezawa, K. Wakui, T. Hiraoka, A. Furusawa, and P. van Loock, “Experimental creation of a fully inseparable tripartite continuous-variable state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 080404–080407 (2003).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. SenDe, U. Sen, M. Wieśniak, D. Kaszlikowski, and M. Żukowski, “Multiqubit W states lead to stronger nonclassicality than Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 062306 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, T. C. Ralph, N. Lütkenhaus, and G. Leuchs, “Continuous variable quantum cryptography: beating the 3 dB loss limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 167901–167904 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Ch. Silberhorn, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum key distribution with bright entangled beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 167902–167905 (2002).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

G. M. D’Ariano and P. Lo Presti, “Quantum tomography for measuring experimentally the matrix elements of an arbitrary quantum operation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4195–4198 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. M. D’Ariano, P. Lo Presti, and M. G. A. Paris, “Using entanglement improves the precision of quantum measurements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 270404–270407 (2001).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Concentration and purification scheme for two partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

W. Dür, G. Vidal, and J. I. Cirac, “Three qubits can be entangled in two inequivalent ways,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 062314 (2000).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi, Y. K. Jiang, and G. C. Guo, “Optimal entanglement purification via entanglement swapping,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 054301 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, “Purification via entanglement swapping and conserved entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 194–197 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Søensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282, 706–709 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson and M. Bourennane, “Quantum teleportation using three-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4394 (1998).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. Reck, A. Zeilinger, H. J. Bernstein, and P. Bertani, “Experimental realization of any discrete unitary operator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 58–61 (1994).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

S. Tan, D. Walls, and M. Collett, “Nonlocality of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252–255 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

T. Aoki, N. Takey, H. Yonezawa, K. Wakui, T. Hiraoka, A. Furusawa, and P. van Loock, “Experimental creation of a fully inseparable tripartite continuous-variable state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 080404–080407 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum- nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, H. J. Bernstein, S. Popescu, and B. Schumacher, “Concentrating partial entanglement by local operations,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2046–2052 (1996).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and S. J. Wiesner, “Communication via one- and two-particle operators on Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2881–2884 (1992).

[CrossRef]

B. He, Y. Ren, and J. A. Bergou, “Creation of high-quality long-distance entanglement with flexible resources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052323 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. He and J. A. Bergou, “Entanglement transformation with no classical communication,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 062328 (2008).

[CrossRef]

B. He, J. A. Bergou, and Z. Wang, “Implementation of quantum operations on single-photon qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 042326 (2007).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, H. J. Bernstein, S. Popescu, and B. Schumacher, “Concentrating partial entanglement by local operations,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2046–2052 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Reck, A. Zeilinger, H. J. Bernstein, and P. Bertani, “Experimental realization of any discrete unitary operator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 58–61 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. Reck, A. Zeilinger, H. J. Bernstein, and P. Bertani, “Experimental realization of any discrete unitary operator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 58–61 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. G. A. Paris, M. Cola, and R. Bonifacio, “Quantum state engeneering assisted by entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042104 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, “Purification via entanglement swapping and conserved entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 194–197 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson and M. Bourennane, “Quantum teleportation using three-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4394 (1998).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Søensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282, 706–709 (1998).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. I. Osorio, N. Bruno, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, and R. T. Thew, “Heralded photon amplification for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023815 (2012).

[CrossRef]

L. Heaney, A. Cabello, M. F. Santos, and V. Vedral, “Extreme nonlocality with one photon,” New J. Phys. 13, 053054–053065(2011).

[CrossRef]

R. Chaves, and L. Davidovich, “Robustness of entanglement as a resource,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 052308 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Nielsen and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2000).

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).

[CrossRef]

W. Dür, G. Vidal, and J. I. Cirac, “Three qubits can be entangled in two inequivalent ways,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 062314 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. G. A. Paris, M. Cola, and R. Bonifacio, “Quantum state engeneering assisted by entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042104 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Tan, D. Walls, and M. Collett, “Nonlocality of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252–255 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

G. M. D’Ariano and P. Lo Presti, “Quantum tomography for measuring experimentally the matrix elements of an arbitrary quantum operation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4195–4198 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. M. D’Ariano, P. Lo Presti, and M. G. A. Paris, “Using entanglement improves the precision of quantum measurements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 270404–270407 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. Chaves, and L. Davidovich, “Robustness of entanglement as a resource,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 052308 (2010).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Optimal nonlocal multipartite entanglement concentration based on projection measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 022311 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multi-photon system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng and F. G. Deng, “Deterministic entanglement purification and complete nonlocal Bell-state analysis with hyperentanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032307 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, C. Y. Li, Y. S. Li, H. Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 022338 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, F. G. Deng, Y. S. Li, X. S. Liu, and G. L. Long, “Quantum secure direct communication with high-dimension quantum superdense coding,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 044305 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, G. L. Long, and X. S. Liu, “Two-step quantum direct communication protocol using the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pair block,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042317 (2003).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).

[CrossRef]

W. Dür, G. Vidal, and J. I. Cirac, “Three qubits can be entangled in two inequivalent ways,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 062314 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bells theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Søensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282, 706–709 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. Aoki, N. Takey, H. Yonezawa, K. Wakui, T. Hiraoka, A. Furusawa, and P. van Loock, “Experimental creation of a fully inseparable tripartite continuous-variable state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 080404–080407 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Søensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282, 706–709 (1998).

[CrossRef]

C. I. Osorio, N. Bruno, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, and R. T. Thew, “Heralded photon amplification for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023815 (2012).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi, Y. K. Jiang, and G. C. Guo, “Optimal entanglement purification via entanglement swapping,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 054301 (2000).

[CrossRef]

L. Hardy, “Nonlocality of a single photon revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2279–2283 (1994).

[CrossRef]

B. He, Q. Lin, and C. Simon, “Cross-Kerr nonlinearity between continuous-mode coherent states and single photons,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053826 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and B. He, “Efficient generation of universal two-dimensional cluster states with hybrid systems,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 022331 (2010).

[CrossRef]

B. He, Y. Ren, and J. A. Bergou, “Creation of high-quality long-distance entanglement with flexible resources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052323 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and B. He, “Single-photon logic gates using minimal resources,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 042310 (2009).

[CrossRef]

B. He and J. A. Bergou, “Entanglement transformation with no classical communication,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 062328 (2008).

[CrossRef]

B. He, J. A. Bergou, and Z. Wang, “Implementation of quantum operations on single-photon qudits,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 042326 (2007).

[CrossRef]

L. Heaney, A. Cabello, M. F. Santos, and V. Vedral, “Extreme nonlocality with one photon,” New J. Phys. 13, 053054–053065(2011).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

T. Aoki, N. Takey, H. Yonezawa, K. Wakui, T. Hiraoka, A. Furusawa, and P. van Loock, “Experimental creation of a fully inseparable tripartite continuous-variable state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 080404–080407 (2003).

[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Concentration and purification scheme for two partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi, Y. K. Jiang, and G. C. Guo, “Optimal entanglement purification via entanglement swapping,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 054301 (2000).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Entanglement purification and concentration of electron-spin entangled states using quantum-dot spins in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032307 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

J. Jing, J. Zhang, Y. Yan, F. Zhao, C. Xie, and K. Peng, “Experimental demonstration of tripartite entanglement and controlled dense coding for continuous variables,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 167903–167906 (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson and M. Bourennane, “Quantum teleportation using three-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4394 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. SenDe, U. Sen, M. Wieśniak, D. Kaszlikowski, and M. Żukowski, “Multiqubit W states lead to stronger nonclassicality than Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger states,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 062306 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Furusawa, J. L. Søensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, “Unconditional quantum teleportation,” Science 282, 706–709 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, “Purification via entanglement swapping and conserved entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 194–197 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Concentration and purification scheme for two partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Ch. Silberhorn, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum key distribution with bright entangled beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 167902–167905 (2002).

[CrossRef]

O. Göckl, S. Lorenz, C. Marquardt, J. Heersink, M. Brownnutt, C. Silberhorn, Q. Pan, P. van Loock, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Experiment towards continuous-variable entanglement swapping: highly correlated four-partite quantum state,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 012319 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Ch. Silberhorn, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum key distribution with bright entangled beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 167902–167905 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, T. C. Ralph, N. Lütkenhaus, and G. Leuchs, “Continuous variable quantum cryptography: beating the 3 dB loss limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 167901–167904 (2002).

[CrossRef]

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