Abstract

We present a theoretical and experimental study of passively mode-locked optoelectronic oscillators that generate a single-cycle pulse train with an autonomous envelope-carrier phase locking. The theoretical study is performed by developing a numerical simulation. A good agreement is achieved between the theoretical and the experimental results. We theoretically study the effect of the periodic frequency dependence of the dispersion coefficient on the generation of a single-cycle pulse train with an autonomous envelope-carrier phase locking. The timing jitter is experimentally measured by performing a spectral analysis of the pulse train. The spectral analysis suggests a timing jitter of about 5 ps by using an integration bandwidth of 100 Hz to 1 MHz. The measured jitter is compared to the result of the numerical simulation and to an analytical expression.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, and S. Dienes, “Passive mode locking of the cw dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 348–350 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Structures for additive pulse mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068–2076 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, S. H. Cho, Y. Chen, H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Sub-two-cycle pulses from a Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 411–413 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror-assisted Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser producing pulses in the two-cycle regime,” Opt. Lett. 24, 631–633 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Rausch, T. Binhammer, A. Harth, F. X. Krtner, and U. Morgner, “Few-cycle femtosecond field synthesizer,” Opt. Express 16, 17410–17419 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983–996 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Namiki, X. Yu, and H. A. Haus, “Observation of nearly quantum-limited timing jitter in an all-fiber ring laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2817–2823 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. C. Levy and M. Horowitz, “Single-cycle radio-frequency pulse generation by an optoelectronic oscillator,” Opt. Express 19, 17599–17608 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. C. Levy, M. Horowitz, and C. R. Menyuk, “Modeling opto-electronic oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 148–159 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic microwave oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1725–1735 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Infiniium DCA-J Agilent 86100C technical specification, http://cp.literature.agilent.com/litweb/pdf/5989-0278EN.pdf .

2011

2010

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2005

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. S. Yao, L. Davis, and L. Maleki, “Coupled optoelectronic oscillators for generating both RF signal and optical pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 73–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1996

1993

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983–996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

1986

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1972

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, and S. Dienes, “Passive mode locking of the cw dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 348–350 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Binhammer, T.

Carruthers, T. F.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, S.

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, and S. Dienes, “Passive mode locking of the cw dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 348–350 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harth, A.

Haus, H. A.

Horowitz, M.

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krtner, F. X.

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Levy, E. C.

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

Matthews, P. J.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

Mecozzi, A.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983–996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Namiki, S.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rausch, S.

Scheuer, V.

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, and S. Dienes, “Passive mode locking of the cw dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 348–350 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Tschudi, T.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Yavuz, D. D.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Appl. Phys. B

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, and S. Dienes, “Passive mode locking of the cw dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 348–350 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. R. Clark, T. F. Carruthers, P. J. Matthews, and I. N. Duling, “Phase noise measurements of ultrastable 10 GHz harmonically modelocked fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 720–721 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, “Noise of mode-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983–996 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of a single-cycle optical pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

Infiniium DCA-J Agilent 86100C technical specification, http://cp.literature.agilent.com/litweb/pdf/5989-0278EN.pdf .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics