Abstract

A fiber side-pump combiner is presented. This pump combiner does not interrupt the core of the active fiber, thus allowing for monolithic fiber lasers and amplifiers. Using one of these devices, the power coming from seven pump diodes was combined and a maximum of 86W was coupled in an active fiber. An 30W laser using this side-pumping concept was also demonstrated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. G. Anikitchev, K. E. Lindsay, and A. Starodoumov, “Method for manufacturing a multimode fiber pump power combiner,” U.S. Patent 7272956, 25 September 2007.
  4. J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. J. Ripin and L. Goldberg, “High efficiency side-coupling of light into optical fibers using imbedded v-grooves,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2204–2205 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.
  7. A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.
  8. F. Gonthier, “Method and device for optically coupling optical fibers,” W.O. Patent application 2008/083482 A1, 17 July 2008.
  9. H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. J. Ripin and L. Goldberg, “High efficiency side-coupling of light into optical fibers using imbedded v-grooves,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2204–2205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Anikitchev, S. G.

S. G. Anikitchev, K. E. Lindsay, and A. Starodoumov, “Method for manufacturing a multimode fiber pump power combiner,” U.S. Patent 7272956, 25 September 2007.

Durkin, M. K.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Eberhardt, R.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Glick, Y.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Goldberg, L.

D. J. Ripin and L. Goldberg, “High efficiency side-coupling of light into optical fibers using imbedded v-grooves,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2204–2205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gonthier, F.

F. Gonthier, “Method and device for optically coupling optical fibers,” W.O. Patent application 2008/083482 A1, 17 July 2008.

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Hanafusa, H.

H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, M.

H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Katz, O.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Klingebiel, S.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koplowitch, T.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Kumar, G.

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lavi, R.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Li, J.

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, K. E.

S. G. Anikitchev, K. E. Lindsay, and A. Starodoumov, “Method for manufacturing a multimode fiber pump power combiner,” U.S. Patent 7272956, 25 September 2007.

Lu, J.

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nafcha, Y.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Nilsson, L. J. A.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Noda, J.

H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Peschel, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

D. J. Ripin and L. Goldberg, “High efficiency side-coupling of light into optical fibers using imbedded v-grooves,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2204–2205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shamir, Y.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Shirakawa, A.

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sintov, Y.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

Starodoumov, A.

S. G. Anikitchev, K. E. Lindsay, and A. Starodoumov, “Method for manufacturing a multimode fiber pump power combiner,” U.S. Patent 7272956, 25 September 2007.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Ueda, K.

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K. I.

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, C.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

Zhong, L.

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Li, K. I. Ueda, M. Musha, A. Shirakawa, and L. Zhong, “Self-pulsing dynamics of ytterbium-doped fiber laser with pump-bypassed cavity,” Appl. Phys. B 85, 565–569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Ripin and L. Goldberg, “High efficiency side-coupling of light into optical fibers using imbedded v-grooves,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2204–2205 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Hanafusa, M. Horiguchi, and J. Noda, “Thermally-diffused expanded core fibres for low-loss and inexpensive photonic components,” Electron. Lett. 27, 1968–1969, (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, S. Klingebiel, T. Schreiber, C. Wirth, T. Peschel, R. Eberhardt, and A. Tünnermann, “The rising power of fiber lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 537–545 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Xu, J. Lu, G. Kumar, J. Lu, and K. Ueda, “A non-fused fiber coupler for side-pumping of double-clad fiber lasers,”Opt. Commun. 220, 389–395 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. G. Anikitchev, K. E. Lindsay, and A. Starodoumov, “Method for manufacturing a multimode fiber pump power combiner,” U.S. Patent 7272956, 25 September 2007.

Y. Sintov, Y. Glick, T. Koplowitch, O. Katz, Y. Nafcha, Y. Shamir, and R. Lavi, “A novel side coupling technique for rugged all-fiber lasers and amplifiers,” in Laser Source Technology for Defense and Security III, Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 6552, p. 65520R, 2007.

A. B. Grudinin, D. N. Payne, P. W. Turner, L. J. A. Nilsson, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, and M. K. Durkin, “Multi-fiber arrangements for high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers,” U.S. Patent 6826335, 30 November 2004.

F. Gonthier, “Method and device for optically coupling optical fibers,” W.O. Patent application 2008/083482 A1, 17 July 2008.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of the proposed side-pump combiner. The dotted lines represent the trajectory of a pump ray coming from a pump fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fabrication process of the side-pump combiner: (a) the active fiber is threaded through the capillary and they are both fused together using a C O 2 laser; (b) the outer wall of the capillary is tapered by immersing it in a hydrofluoric acid bath; (c) the tapered capillary is fire-polished by means of a C O 2 laser; (d) the pump fibers are spliced at the side of the capillary.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Microscope picture of a side-pump combiner after the first three fabrication steps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Combined pump power coupled into the double-clad fiber as a function of the total injected pump power coming from seven pump diodes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of a CW laser pumped using the side-pump combiner.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ f = θ i + 2 N reflections θ with { θ i = asin NA pump n θ = atan Δ ω L } ,
N reflections L tan θ i 2 r ,
θ f θ i + Δ ω r tan θ i ,
Δ ω max r ( NA active NA pump NA pump ) ,

Metrics