Abstract

A spectral ripple effect observed in fold-type continuous-wave cavity ring down spectroscopy is described and studied. Its period was measured as 0.02cm1 in a 49.1 cm long V-shaped glass ceramics cavity. To find its origin, various losses of high-reflectivity coating and their relations to the optical field in the V-shaped cavity, especially the optical field inside the folding mirror coating, have been discussed and analyzed according to the interference theory and the matrix calculation method. It is found that the ripple mainly comes from an interference effect at the folding mirror coating between the direct and the inverse light waves. The interference effect results in the periodic fluctuations of the scattering and absorption loss of the high-reflectivity coating, so it can be used to measure some special losses of the high-reflectivity coating and separate them from the total loss of the coating.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (2)

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (2)

R. Chow, J. R. Taylor, and Z. L. Wu, “Absorptance behavior of optical coatings for high-average-power laser applications,” Appl. Opt. 39, 650–658 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 10278–10288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1988 (1)

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser Sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544–2554 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Anderson, D. Z.

Barnes, J. A.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Berden, G.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bescherer, K.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biswell, D.

Campargue, A.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chenevier, M.

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chow, R.

Crosson, E.

Deacon, D. A. G.

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser Sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544–2554 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dias, S.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duparre, A.

Furman, Sh. A.

Sh. A. Furman and A. V. Tikhonravov, Optics of Multilayer Systems (Fong & Sons, 1992).

Gagliardi, G.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hodges, J. T.

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 10278–10288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Inoue, G.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jenouvrier, A.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Josef, F. C.

Kachanov, A. A.

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kassi, S.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, M.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kharlamov, B.

Kimble, H. J.

Koulikov, S.

Lehmann, K.

Loock, H. -P.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Looney, J. P.

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 10278–10288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Macko, P.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Masser, C. S.

Meijer, G.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailenko, S. N.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morino, I.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morville, J.

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Naumenko, O. V.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’Keefe, A.

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser Sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544–2554 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Paldus, B.

Peeters, R.

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rella, C.

Rempe, G.

Romanini, D.

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sadeghi, N.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, Y.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stoeckel, F.

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tan, S.

Taylor, J. R.

Thompson, R. J.

Tikhonravov, A. A.

Tikhonravov, A. V.

Trefiak, N. R.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trubetskov, M. K.

Tyuterev, V1. G.

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Zee, R. D.

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 10278–10288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Waechter, H.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wahl, E.

Wu, Z. L.

Yabushita, A.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yam, S.

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamano, D.

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

D. Yamano, Y. Sakamoto, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, I. Morino, and G. Inoue, “Buffer-gas pressure broadening for the 2v3 band of methane measured with continuous-wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 523–528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Bescherer, J. A. Barnes, S. Dias, G. Gagliardi, H.-P. Loock, N. R. Trefiak, H. Waechter, and S. Yam, “Measurement of multi-exponential optical decay processes by phase-shift cavity ring-down,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 193–200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Morville, D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, and M. Chenevier, “Two schemes for trace detection using cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 465–476 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, N. Sadeghi, and F. Stoeckel, “CW cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 264, 316–322 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

G. Berden, R. Peeters, and G. Meijer, “Cavity ring-down spectroscopy: experimental schemes and applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19, 565–607 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. T. Hodges, J. P. Looney, and R. D. van Zee, “Response of a ring-down cavity to an arbitrary excitation,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 10278–10288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

P. Macko, D. Romanini, S. N. Mikhailenko, O. V. Naumenko, S. Kassi, A. Jenouvrier, V1. G. Tyuterev, and A. Campargue, “High sensitivity CW-cavity ring down spectroscopy of water in the region of the 1.5 μm atmospheric window,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 227, 90–108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Romanini, A. A. Kachanov, J. Morville, and M. Chenevier, “Measurement of trace gases by diode laser cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 3821, 94–104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. O’Keefe and D. A. G. Deacon, “Cavity ring-down optical spectrometer for absorption measurements using pulsed laser Sources,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 59, 2544–2554 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Sh. A. Furman and A. V. Tikhonravov, Optics of Multilayer Systems (Fong & Sons, 1992).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photograph of the V-shaped cw-CRDS apparatus.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured cw-CRDS spectra of the V-shaped and the linear cavities. The mirrors used in both cavities were the same, and the measured loss of linear cavity has been multiplied by a factor of 2 for the clear comparison.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured cw-CRDS spectra of the V-shaped cavity with different coating surface status.

Equations (2)

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E total ( t ) = E ( t ) + E ( t ) = [ 1 + R M R M 1 e j θ ] E ( t ) ,
θ = 2 π v c 2 l + θ M + θ M 1 ,

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