Abstract

Er:NaY(WO4)2 and Er:Yb:Ce:NaY(WO4)2 crystals were grown by the Czochralski method. Er:Yb:NaY(WO4)2, Er:Ce:NaY(WO4)2, and Yb:NaY(WO4)2 crystal powders were synthesized by means of the solid-state reaction. The spectroscopic properties of the crystals were investigated, including the absorption and fluorescence spectra and fluorescence decay. The energy transfer efficiency from Yb3+ to Er3+ in Er:Yb:NaY(WO4)2 and Er:Yb:Ce:NaY(WO4)2 was calculated and analyzed. End-pumped by a diode laser at 970 nm in a hemispherical cavity, a 1.84 W quasi-continuous-wave laser around 1.55μm with a slope efficiency of 17% and an absorbed pump threshold of 1.60 W was achieved in a 1.04 mm thick c-cut Er:Yb:Ce:NaY(WO4)2 crystal. The results show that the Er:Yb:Ce:NaY(WO4)2 crystal with high Ce3+ doping is a candidate for gain medium of low threshold 1.55μm laser.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621–2623 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (6)

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3233–3235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Diniz and C. W. A. Paschoal, “Atomistic simulation of the crystal structure and bulk properties of RE(TiTa)O6 (RE=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Y, Er and Yb) compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68, 153–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Han, A. Garcia-Cortes, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Structural and thermal properties of tetragonal double tungstate crystals intended for ytterbium laser composites,” Chem. Mater. 19, 3002–3010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Bjurshagen, J. E. Hellstrom, V. Pasiskevicius, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, and F. Diaz, “Fluorescence dynamics and rate equation analysis in Er3+ and Yb3+ doped double tungstates,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4715–4725 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (2)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

G. A. Slack, S. L. Dole, V. Tsoukala, and G. S. Nolas, “Optical-absorption spectrum of trivalent cerium in Y2O3, Ba2GdTaO6, ThO2, and related compounds,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 961–974 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. L. Denisov, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Sensitization of the luminescence of the Er3+ ions by Ce3+ ions in a YAG crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 150–153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

P. V. Klevtsov and R. F. Klevtsova, “Polymorphism of the double molybdates and tungstates of mono- and trivalent metals with the composition M+R3+(EO4)2,” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 18, 419–439 (1977).

1967 (1)

M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157, 262–272 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Aguilo, M.

Aka, G.

Benitez, J. M.

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bjurshagen, S.

Borel, C.

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brynolfsson, P.

Burns, P. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cascales, C.

X. M. Han, A. Garcia-Cortes, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Structural and thermal properties of tetragonal double tungstate crystals intended for ytterbium laser composites,” Chem. Mater. 19, 3002–3010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. C.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. Y.

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. X.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dardenne, K.

Dawes, J. M.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Denisov, A. L.

A. L. Denisov, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Sensitization of the luminescence of the Er3+ ions by Ce3+ ions in a YAG crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 150–153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, F.

Diniz, E. M.

E. M. Diniz and C. W. A. Paschoal, “Atomistic simulation of the crystal structure and bulk properties of RE(TiTa)O6 (RE=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Y, Er and Yb) compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68, 153–157 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dole, S. L.

Droge, S.

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Cortes, A.

X. M. Han, A. Garcia-Cortes, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Structural and thermal properties of tetragonal double tungstate crystals intended for ytterbium laser composites,” Chem. Mater. 19, 3002–3010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gong, X. H.

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gunji, A.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H. C.

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. R.

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, L.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, X. M.

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Heumann, E.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
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J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
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Jensen, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H. D.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
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Kahn-Harari, A.

Kamada, M.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
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N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
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Klevtsov, P. V.

P. V. Klevtsov and R. F. Klevtsova, “Polymorphism of the double molybdates and tungstates of mono- and trivalent metals with the composition M+R3+(EO4)2,” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 18, 419–439 (1977).

Klevtsova, R. F.

P. V. Klevtsov and R. F. Klevtsova, “Polymorphism of the double molybdates and tungstates of mono- and trivalent metals with the composition M+R3+(EO4)2,” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 18, 419–439 (1977).

Koporulina, E. V.

Kuleshov, N.

N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kupchenko, M. I.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurashige, K.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurata, Y.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurilchik, S. V.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Tolstik, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. V. Maltsev, O. V. Pilipenko, E. V. Koporulina, and N. I. Leonyuk, “Efficient 1 W continuous-wave diode-pumped Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3233–3235 (2007).
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Laporta, P.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lejus, A. M.

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Leonyuk, N.

N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leonyuk, N. I.

Li, C.

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J. S.

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. F.

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lis, D. A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. S.

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. D.

J. H. Huang, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Enhanced efficiency of Er:Yb:Ce:NaGd(WO4)2 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm by the introduction of high-doping Ce3+ ions,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2548–2550 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. S. Liao, X. Y. Chen, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Polarized spectral properties of Er3+ ions in NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 73–80 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maltsev, V.

N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maltsev, V. V.

Matrosov, V. N.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matrosova, T. A.

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

Nolas, G. S.

Parreu, I.

Paschoal, C. W. A.

E. M. Diniz and C. W. A. Paschoal, “Atomistic simulation of the crystal structure and bulk properties of RE(TiTa)O6 (RE=Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Y, Er and Yb) compounds,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68, 153–157 (2007).
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Pasiskevicius, V.

Pena, A.

Pilipenko, O. V.

Piper, J. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

Qian, Q.

Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

Romero, R.

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sani, E.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Senguttuvan, N.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, M. D.

X. M. Han, A. Garcia-Cortes, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Structural and thermal properties of tetragonal double tungstate crystals intended for ytterbium laser composites,” Chem. Mater. 19, 3002–3010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

A. L. Denisov, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Sensitization of the luminescence of the Er3+ ions by Ce3+ ions in a YAG crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 150–153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shi, D. M.

Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, S.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimura, N.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shukshin, V. E.

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Simondi-Teisseire, B.

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Slack, G. A.

Smirnov, V. A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sobol, A. A.

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Souriau, J. C.

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Su, J.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Subbotin, K. A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sumiya, K.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, C.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, and C. Svelto, “Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-ytterbium phosphate glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2621–2623 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Q. G.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Templier, R.

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. G.

F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tolstik, N.

N. Tolstik, V. Kisel, N. Kuleshov, V. Maltsev, and N. Leonyuk, “Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4-efficient 1.5 μm laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 357–362 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tolstik, N. A.

Toncelli, A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Troshin, A. E.

A. A. Lagatsky, V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, N. V. Kuleshov, N. I. Leonyuk, A. E. Zhukov, E. U. Rafailov, and W. Sibbett, “Diode-pumped passively mode-locked Er,Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33, 83–85 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy, continuous-wave and Q-switched diode-pumped laser operation of Er3+, Yb3+:YVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 275–278 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsoukala, V.

Umyskov, A. F.

A. L. Denisov, A. F. Umyskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Sensitization of the luminescence of the Er3+ ions by Ce3+ ions in a YAG crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 150–153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ushakov, S. N.

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Usui, T.

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

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Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
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[CrossRef]

Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhukov, A. E.

Appl. Opt. (2)

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, R. Romero, C. Borel, C. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, “Room-temperature diode-pumped continuous-wave SrY4(SiO4)3O:Yb3+, Er3+ crystal laser at 1554 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1189–1191 (1994).
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Chem. Mater. (1)

X. M. Han, A. Garcia-Cortes, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, and C. Cascales, “Structural and thermal properties of tetragonal double tungstate crystals intended for ytterbium laser composites,” Chem. Mater. 19, 3002–3010 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, H. C. Chen, X. S. Liu, Y. Y. Yang, and J. Yang, “Growth and optical properties of NaY(WO4)2:Eu crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36, 135–140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. D. Jiang, and J. Y. Wang, “Optimization of Er,Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Simondi-Teisseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, J. M. Benitez, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, “Room-temperature CW laser operation at similar to 1.55 μm (eye-safe range) of Yb:Er and Yb:Er:Ce:Ca2Al2SiO7 crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2004–2009 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

T. Usui, S. Shimizu, N. Shimura, K. Kurashige, Y. Kurata, K. Sumiya, N. Senguttuvan, A. Gunji, M. Kamada, and H. Ishibashi, “60 mm diameter Lu0.4Gd1.6SiO5:Ce (LGSO) single crystals and their improved scintillation properties,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 19–22 (2007).
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Y. K. Voron'ko, E. V. Zharikov, D. A. Lis, A. A. Sobol, K. A. Subbotin, S. N. Ushakov, V. E. Shukshin, and S. Droge, “Growth and luminescent properties of NaGd(WO4)2:Yb3+ crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 39, 1308–1314 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, D. A. Lis, E. V. Zharikov, K. A. Subbotin, and V. A. Smirnov, “Effect of cerium co-doping in Er3+, Ce3+:NaLa(MoO4)2 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 123531 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (2)

Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, F. Song, H. C. Guo, J. R. Han, and H. C. Chen, “Optical spectroscopy of Yb/Er codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 63, 2011–2017 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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F. Song, L. Han, H. Tan, J. Su, J. Yang, J. G. Tian, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectral performance and intensive green up-conversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+-codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 259, 179–186 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode-pumped 1.6 μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er:Y3Al5O12 and Er:Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun. 118, 557–561 (1995).
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Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Z. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, D. M. Shi, Q. Qian, and S. H. Xu, “Enhanced 1.53 μm emission and lowered up-conversion of Er3+-doped gallate-lead-bismuth-germanium glass by rare-earth co-doping,” Opt. Mater. 32, 334–338 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. J. Weber, “Probabilities for radiative and nonradiative decay of Er3+ in LaF3,” Phys. Rev. 157, 262–272 (1967).
[CrossRef]

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P. V. Klevtsov and R. F. Klevtsova, “Polymorphism of the double molybdates and tungstates of mono- and trivalent metals with the composition M+R3+(EO4)2,” Zh. Strukt. Khim. 18, 419–439 (1977).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic sketch of energy transfer processes between Yb 3 + , Ce 3 + , and Er 3 + ions related to 1.55 μ m laser emission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RT polarized absorption spectra of the 1.02 at. % Er:NYW and 1.24 at. % Er:18.37 at. % Yb:45.58 at. % Ce:NYW crystals in the range from 300 to 1400 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RT polarized absorption spectra of the 1.24 at. % Er:18.37 at. % Yb:45.58 at. % Ce:NYW crystal in the range from 850 to 1100 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RT polarized absorption spectra of the 1.24 at. % Er:18.37 at. % Yb:45.58 at. % Ce:NYW crystal in the range from 1400 to 1650 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

RT un-polarized fluorescence spectra of the Er:NYW, Er:Yb:NYW, and Er:Yb:Ce:NYW crystals under excitation at 521 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

RT un-polarized upconversion fluorescence spectra of the Er:Yb:NYW and Er:Yb:Ce:NYW crystals under excitation at 970 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarized gain curves of the I 4 13 / 2 I 4 15 / 2 transition of Er 3 + ions in the Er:Yb:Ce:NYW crystal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

1.55 μ m laser output power versus absorbed pump power at 970 nm for the Er:Yb:Ce:NYW crystal.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Spectra of the Er:Yb:Ce:NYW laser at absorbed pump power of 12.78 W for output couplers with different transmissions: (a) T = 1.0 % , (b) T = 1.8 % , (c) T = 3.8 % , (d) T = 4.5 % .

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Spectra of the Er:Yb:Ce:NYW laser when the output coupler transmission is 1.8%: (a) output power of 4.0 6W, (b) output power of 7.35 W, (c) output power of 10.50 W, and (d) output power of 12.78 W.

Equations (1)

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G q ( λ ) = P σ q em ( λ ) ( 1 P ) σ q abs ( λ ) ,

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